Borderline Personality Disorder (The Facts)

Borderline Personality Disorder Facts and Statistics
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And when it comes to environmental factors, many people with BPD report instances of childhood trauma, including abuse, abandonment, and unstable relationships with their parents. There has been general hesitation to diagnose personality disorders in those under With that said, clinicians are discovering that BPD can be detected in children and adolescents.

Possible signs are similar to those in adults and include impulsive risk-taking, frequent angry outbursts, continuous interpersonal issues, markedly low self-esteem, and repetitive self-injury or suicide attempts. This is why therapists treating BPD typically emphasize acceptance and validation, Perepletchikova says. In addition to this one-on-one model, group sessions led by a therapist can also help people with BPD learn how to best interact with and express themselves to other people, the NIMH says.

However, a psychiatrist may prescribe medication to address certain symptoms that some people experience, Perepletchikova says, such as mood stabilizers for emotional instability. Additionally, someone with BPD who also has a clinically diagnosed co-occurring disorder, such as anxiety, depression, or PTSD , may take medications to treat those conditions. A review of available literature published in Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience found that some mental health providers hold false and harmful views on BPD. Laypeople can believe these myths, too.

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One of the most pervasive misperceptions among professionals and non-professionals alike is that people with BPD are intentionally, maliciously trying to manipulate those around them with their displays of extreme emotion or self-harm, Dixon-Gordon says. This is false. In her experience, people with BPD are often able to understand the feelings of other people to a greater degree.

She also believes that many people with BPD are unusually creative because they have a deeper and broader experience of human emotion from which to draw. This is part of the reason that Perepletchikova says people with BPD are her favorite population to treat.

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A study of BPD patients, published in the Archives of General Psychiatry in , found that 85 percent remitted within 10 years. The researchers defined remission as meeting two or fewer BPD criteria. Most of that change occurred in the earlier years, the study authors said. Sign up for our Newsletter and join us on the path to wellness. Spring Challenge. No Guesswork. Newsletter Wellness, Meet Inbox. Will be used in accordance with our Privacy Policy.

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Personality disorder

Share via Twitter. Share via Pinterest. Borderline personality disorder often causes symptoms like extreme mood shifts and uncertainty in how a person views themselves and others. BPD is thought to affect about 1 percent of people in the United States. People with BPD often have other mental health conditions. Borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder are not the same thing. People with BPD are at an elevated risk for self-harm and suicide due to a mix of intense emotions and impulsivity. The myth that only women have BPD is harmful in its inaccuracy because of the possible stigma.

A man with symptoms of BPD may be more reluctant to seek treatment for fear that he will be judged harshly by loved ones, treatment professionals or society. A woman may feel like she cannot receive an unbiased evaluation because everyone will assume she has BPD simply because of her gender.


The truth about borderline personality disorder may surprise you. Learn more about the condition here. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to manage emotions effectively. The disorder occurs in the context of .

The view that childhood trauma causes BPD is partially correct. Mental health conditions have risk factors that increase the odds of the disorder forming. In a way, all mental health conditions are rare because they represent atypical symptoms and levels of functioning. Still, BPD affects millions of people. The exact numbers of BPD diagnoses are challenging to gather, but estimates believe that between 2 percent and 6 percent of people in the United States will have BPD at some point in their lives. This statistic means that at least 1 in 50 people will be diagnosed with BPD..

You might believe the myth that people with BPD engage in manipulation and attention-seeking behaviors because they like it. Having BPD is not a comfortable situation. The condition is synonymous with stress, anxiety and unhappiness. If someone with BPD is acting out through manipulation or appearing to seek attention, it is due to their desperation to feel well and avoid separation or rejection.

Unfortunately, their unhealthy coping skills develop along the way as they cannot find the relief they seek. Lying and manipulation are only a failed attempt to control symptoms. People may mistakenly see suicidal threats from someone with BPD as a way to create a reaction. Again, this assumption is untrue and unfair.

People with BPD experience a high rate of suicide. As many as 10 percent of people with BPD will commit suicide while many more will engage in suicide attempts and self-harm.

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All suicide threats must be taken seriously. The risks of ignoring the threats are too high. Dialectical behavioral therapy DBT is a form of talk therapy specifically designed to treat symptoms associated with BPD like chronic suicidality and emotional inconsistency. Although DBT is a good option, others exist. Also, mental health treatments that directly target causes and risk factors of BPD could help reduce symptoms.

As always, it is important to note that there is not one treatment approach that works for everyone. Such a sweeping and cynical view of people with BPD is wrong. People with BPD can love and be loved. Many with BPD are in long-term, committed relationships that endure the same ups and downs of other relationships. People with BPD struggle to control their emotions and manage their behaviors. Their moods can go from happy to irritable to sad, quickly.

Their impulsivity may lead to regrettable actions. These issues can make relationships more challenging, so patience from all parties is a requirement. Unbearable is a strong word and one that certainly does not apply to all people with BPD. Of course, people have times where they are not proud of their actions or how they handled a situation, but they find forgiveness and move forward. People with BPD who receive treatment can be happier than they were to begin with and find stability in life after treatment.

It is true people with BPD can have periods of irritability.

10 Common Signs of Borderline Personality Disorder

One of the main diagnostic criteria for BPD is an intensely, inappropriate level of anger. This anger does not mean they are a threat to others.