Moriarty became the ultimate mastermind, drawing on his prodigious intellect to run a vast crime network, the largest ever seen, and yet remain invisible at its heart, entirely above suspicion, as the Professor Moriarty of mathematical celebrity. Indeed, the similarity in their methods is so marked that the US detective William Pinkerton, head of the famous Pinkerton Detective Agency, believed that Conan Doyle should pay him royalties, as he had told the author all about Worth during a transatlantic voyage.
There are two major clues that lend weight to this theory. Secondly, in The Valley of Fear, Holmes reports that the professor has hanging in his study an incredibly valuable, and famous, painting of a coquettish young woman that he could only have acquired through theft. Worth began his life of crime in the US, as a bank robber, before moving to London to set up as a respectable art collector and the head of a criminal syndicate involved in robbery and forgery.
Lestrade is the Scotland Yard detective who appears repeatedly throughout the Holmes canon. First appearing in A Study in Scarlet pp. I should become the laughing-stock of Scotland Yard. But Conan Doyle may have been drawing inspiration from real life. In a number of investigations the detective is aided by his invisible army of helpers— the motley crew of street urchins known as the Baker Street Irregulars.
Besides the Irregulars, Holmes picks various other more humble members of society to help him—from the year-old messenger Cartwright, who goes through hotel garbage cans in The Hound of the Baskervilles, to Billy the pageboy in The Valley of Fear. Holmes and Watson meet at St. Queen Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee.
Catholic faith. S herlock Holmes and Dr. It is published as a novel in October. Holmes and Moriarty disappear into the Reichenbach Falls. The Strand Magazine begins publishing Holmes short stories as serializations. He lodges at 23 Montague Place. Conan Doyle gives up his medical practice and decides to make his living from writing. And when the Adventures was published as a book in October , the author dedicated it to Joseph Bell—the Edinburgh medical professor on whom Holmes had been partly based. July Chapter 1 Stamford introduces Watson to Holmes and the two men agree to take rooms together.
Holmes examines the scene with a magnifying glass and tape measure. Chapter 5 Holmes tries to draw out the murderer with a newspaper ad about a ring left at the scene, but is outwitted by an accomplice disguised as an old woman. Drebber Elder of the Mormon church. Chapter 2 Watson studies Holmes, who demonstrates his remarkable powers of armchair observation and deduction.
Jefferson Hope Young American. Constable John Rance Policeman. Chapter 4 Holmes sends a telegram to the US police, then interviews the constable who discovered the body. Wiggins Leader of a gang of London street urchins. John Ferrier Wanderer found by Mormons. Brigham Young Real-life leader of the Mormon church.
T he year is and military surgeon Dr. Watson has been discharged from the army after being wounded in Afghanistan.
Back in London and living on a meager army pension, he is looking for someone to share lodgings with. On receiving a request for help from the police, Holmes invites Watson to accompany him. The pair meet inspectors Gregson and Lestrade of Scotland Yard at a house in Brixton, where a body has been found. Documents identify him as Enoch Drebber, a US citizen, who is traveling with his secretary, Stangerson, and lodging with a Madame Charpentier.
Chapter 4 Lucy, her father, and Hope leave under cover of darkness, heading for Carson City, trying in vain to escape the grip of the Mormons. Chapter 6 Back at Baker Street, the arrested Hope shows no remorse in avenging Lucy, and recounts in brief his adventures in London tracking down his victims. Other evidence suggests to Holmes that the murderer is a cabbie, although he does not reveal this to Watson. A pillbox containing two pills is found with his body. Chapter 5 Stangerson kills Ferrier, and when Lucy is forced to marry Drebber she dies broken-hearted.
Drebber and Stangerson are exiled from the faith, and Hope hunts them down in Europe. When Hope arrives, Holmes arrests him before an astonished Gregson and Lestrade. The second section of the novel begins in Salt Lake City, Utah, in Here, it is revealed that Hope had been in love with a young woman called Lucy, who had died of a broken heart after Stangerson Chapter 7 Hope dies before his trial, Holmes tells Watson how he solved the murder, and Watson vows to make the case public. The action then returns to Baker Street, where Hope reveals how he forced Drebber to make a choice between two pills; Drebber would take one while he would take the other.
Drebber chose the poisoned pill and died. Hope dies of a heart condition before he can be brought to trial. The relationship between the two men and the setting of their adventures both played an essential role in the success of the many Holmes stories that would follow. He tells Watson that Holmes even beats corpses in the dissecting-rooms with a stick to see how a dead body bruises after death in mentioning this, Conan Doyle is eager to show that his sleuth is at the forefront of current developments in criminal investigation.
Holmes is able to pick out minute details, You have brought detection as near an exact science as it ever will be brought in this world. He then explains how he knew Watson had recently been in Afghanistan. To the hypocritical society of the time—which covered up the legs of a piano for the sake of decorum, yet allowed prostitution The most commonplace crime is often the most mysterious, because it presents no new or special features from which deductions may be drawn. Conan Doyle imbued his sleuth with an array of idiosyncrasies.
The reader learns quickly that Holmes plays the violin well, and is a boxer, a swordsman, and an expert in singlestick a martial art that uses a wooden stick. He has written a monograph on cigarette ash, keeps a tape measure and a magnifying glass in his pocket, and chatters to himself as he looks for clues.
In A Study in Scarlet more than in any of the subsequent Holmes stories, this is indeed his main role. Watson and forms a conclusion Watson is a medical type with the air of a military man, so he must be an army doctor. He has a dark face, yet pale wrists, showing that he is deeply tanned.
His haggard face clearly shows that he has undergone hardship and sickness. He holds his left arm in a stiff and unnatural manner, showing that it has been injured. Watson has been discharged from the army after military service abroad. When the main case in A Study in Scarlet does get underway, Holmes travels to the crime scene, where he investigates enthusiastically. However, he never fully loses his propensity for solving crimes from the comfort of his armchair. Knowledge of Litera 2. Well up in belladon 5. Kn a glance different but limited.
Tells at al, tic ac Pr. Ge me splashes upon After walks has shown soils from each other. Sensational Litera the century. Plays the violin we d swordsman.
Is an expert single h law. A man who is in the best of neither health nor spirits, Watson is friendless and has no real purpose in life at the beginning of the story. Presumably it is for his own interest that Watson makes detailed notes during the investigation. However, these jottings come in very handy when he decides to write up the notes to showcase the genius of Holmes in bringing the murderer to justice. Instead, he must have acquired all his knowledge of the English capital from maps and gazetteers. Hyde , Conan Doyle used his own home city, Edinburgh, as a model for London.
Scottish capital. The structure is clumsy and the mystery itself somewhat contrived, and the central villain Jefferson Hope is a fairly featureless character too. Another problem with A Study in Scarlet is that Holmes is such a brilliant detective that he very quickly sees to the heart of any case. Because he succeeds in solving the murder mystery and apprehending the culprit halfway through the narrative, there is little left for Holmes to do. As a result, Holmes necessarily disappears from the scene, and only returns in the last two short chapters.
The almost-too-quick genius of Holmes was a structural problem that Conan Doyle did not fully resolve in his later Sherlock Holmes novels either. And Holmes is also absent for much of The Hound of the Baskervilles pp. They do not in the army, but he would have learned civilian ways had he been long discharged. He has an air of authority and he is obviously Scottish.
As to Barbados, his complaint is elephantiasis, which is West Indian and not British. Conan Doyle researched various volumes for his descriptions of Utah, as he did for London in the English section of the book. At the time the author believed it would add an exotic appeal to the story, especially since the Mormons were very much in the news when Conan Doyle sat down to write this tale. By the time he was writing A Study in Scarlet, he had clearly carried out While it is possible to pinpoint numerous holes in the plot of this tale if you look hard enough, in the end none of these faults are what really matters.
Born in Vermont, Young became a Methodist in The way the letters have been written gives him vital clues as to the identity of the killer. In their efforts to better one another, Lestrade and Gregson show just how far behind Holmes they are in terms of both acumen and perception.
Neither of the two inspectors can explain the blood spattered around the murder scene, though Holmes privately surmises correctly, it is later revealed that the murderer must have had a nose bleed. Conan Doyle had great hopes for A Study in Scarlet, which it is believed took him only three weeks to write. To add insult to injury, its magazine debut caused barely a ripple with the reading public. However, A Study in Scarlet has remained in print ever since, just like every other Holmes story. Thaddeus Sholto English gentleman. McMurdo Pondicherry Lodge porter and gatekeeper.
Lal Rao Butler at Pondicherry Lodge. Bernstone Housekeeper at Pondicherry Lodge. Jonathan Small Englishman. Tonga Native Andaman islander. Athelney Jones Scotland Yard detective. Mordecai Smith Boat owner. At the time, his friend Major Sholto told Mary that he had no idea the captain was in the country. He explains that his father confessed on his deathbed that Captain Morstan had come to see him the night he disappeared, but died suddenly during an argument, and the major disposed of the body.
Chapter Seven The murderer had stepped in creosote, so Holmes and Watson use Toby, a tracker dog, to follow the scent trail. Thaddeus tells the group that Bartholomew has found the chest at the family home. Holmes deduces that a wooden-legged man, who he surmises is Small, accompanied Chapter Eleven Watson takes the recovered chest to Mary, but it is empty; Small had thrown the treasure in the Thames.
Mary and Watson declare their love for each other. Athelney Jones of Scotland Yard arrests Thaddeus. Holmes discovers that Small has rented a launch, the Aurora, but is lying low. That night, the Aurora roars off downriver, with Holmes, Watson, and Jones in pursuit. Finally, they catch up with Small, but he has thrown the treasure into the Thames. Mutiny of , he and Singh, Khan, and Akbar killed a man for the treasure, and hid it in Agra Fort, only to be arrested and sent to the Andaman Islands penal colony.
Years later, they offered a share of the treasure to two guards, Major Sholto and Captain Morstan, in exchange for freedom. But Sholto took the treasure and betrayed them. The story ends on a happy note with Watson announcing his engagement to Mary to Holmes. Stoddart had read A Study in Scarlet pp.
More importantly, he was canny enough to realize the detective story genre was about to bloom. What Conan Doyle did not know was that another writer would be at the dinner: Oscar Wilde. During the course of the dinner, Wilde and Conan Doyle were each asked to produce a novella-length mystery for the magazine. Wilde came up with The Picture of Dorian Gray. You said you wanted a spicy title.
By then its title had become The Sign of the Four for the magazine, but when it was published later as a novel, the title became The Sign of Four. It was renamed The Sign of Four when it was published in P. He assures Watson that he indulges in this dangerous pursuit merely to offset boredom. I abhor the dull routine of existence. I crave for mental exaltation. Making Holmes a drug user was a clever way to embellish him as a character, making him immediately more edgy and interesting. It is simply window-dressing intended to allow Holmes to impress the reader with his accomplishments.
What else is there to live for? For months, garrisons such as Agra were beleaguered, until British authority was restored in Drayson commanded the 21st Brigade Artillery in India from —78, and helped rearm several forts, including Agra. Small, Morstan, and Sholto alike are warped by their greed for the Agra treasure.
Cullin as Watson. Norwood played Holmes in 47 movies. The repetition of the trick reminds readers already familiar with Holmes of his genius, while at the same time establishing it for new readers. Rival relationships But the author was pleased with his embellished portrait of the detective. Conan Doyle would continue to use this technique in many subsequent Holmes stories.
For example, Holmes Conan Doyle adds a new dimension to the dynamic between Holmes and Watson with the arrival of the female client Mary Morstan, with whom Watson promptly falls head over heels in love. It is given real substance by the details of their domestic life together. The start of the story sees them bickering like old friends who are comfortable with each other and feel at ease in speaking their minds.
A client to me is a mere unit, a factor in a problem. The emotional qualities are antagonistic to clear reasoning. The only female is Mrs. Their residence, B Baker Street, is a well-established haven amid the hurly-burly of the metropolis. It is sad for the reader that this cozy state of affairs seems set to end when Watson announces his engagement. Watson is about to depart for domestic bliss, leaving a solitary Holmes with his hypodermic needle—or so the reader thinks. In later Strand adventures, however, Watson is either a frequent visitor to B, or the story is set back in the days of his bachelorhood.
The British built a new prison after the Indian Mutiny to house their captives; here, prisoners take meals on the beach. Contributing factors to this were the haste with which Conan Doyle wrote it, and his loathing of looking back at previous writings to crosscheck facts and details. Now Vincent Square. Now we come out on the Vauxhall Bridge Road. I never guess. It is a shocking habit—destructive to the logical faculty. Sherlock Holmes A classic tale Treasure Island What happens to him in the end is not Two images in particular remain long in memory after reading this tale.
Unlike A Study in Scarlet, this tale was widely reviewed on both sides of the Atlantic. The Thames was a hive of activity in the 19th century, its banks lined with ships, as can be seen in this painting of Tower Bridge from Cherry Garden Pier by Charles Edward Dixon — The Sign of Four is bound to become a classic. Today The Sign of Four is indeed considered a classic. Godfrey Norton British lawyer who marries Irene. Many screen adaptations have developed her in their own ways: in the US series Elementary p.
Watson courtly knights of the Middle Ages, who desisted from sensuality in order to uphold their chivalric ideals. Holmes the bohemian Since his marriage and move away from B Baker Street, Watson has seen little of his former companion. However, love and passion were also at the heart of the bohemian ideal— emotions that are anathema to Holmes. Holmes at work After his lengthy, slightly wistful introduction, Watson sets the story in motion.
He is standing in the street below the Baker Street rooms. Eager to reconnect with his friend, Watson makes his way up to the rooms. Holmes is as cool and incisive as ever, noting several things with unnerving accuracy: the amount of weight Watson has gained since they last met; that he has gone back into practice as a doctor; that he has been out in the rain a lot recently; and that he has an incompetent serving girl. When Watson, astonished, asks how he does it, the detective explains his method by demonstrating that it all depends on observation.
Watson sees things, he says, but he does not observe. A Frenchman or Russian could not have written that. It is the German who is so incourteous to his verbs. However, as Holmes points out, a detective also needs to understand exactly what he is seeing, as he demonstrates when he goes on to show the doctor an anonymous note that he has just received. Watson can deduce only that the writer is wealthy, whereas Holmes can also reveal that he is a native German speaker as only the German language would construct sentences with the verb falling at the end and that the notepaper comes from the German kingdom Irene Adler Critics are divided in their analysis of Irene Adler portrayed here by Lara Pulver.
The King and the diva Holmes quickly makes his attitude toward royalty plain by adopting a curt, businesslike manner, aware that to anyone but the self-centered King, his disdain would be apparent. The King reveals that when he was Crown Prince he had a romantic liaison with a young American opera singer named Irene Adler, and was careless enough to have his photograph taken with her, thus leaving evidence of their affair. Recently, he has become engaged to a Scandinavian princess, and he is afraid that if her principled family were to be made aware of his past indiscretion, they will oppose the match.
After her brief triumph, she must slip back into the shadows of marriage. Failure: King Wilhelm tries to disguise his identity from Holmes, but fails immediately. However, the King presents Irene in this way in order to justify his ill-treatment of her: he admits he has made several highhanded, even criminal, attempts to recover the photograph—including offering to pay for its return, hiring burglars to steal it, and even twice ransacking her home—all of which have failed.
When Holmes consults his biographical card index, it reveals Irene Adler to be a retired opera singer who has sung at La Scala in Milan and was prima donna at the Warsaw Opera. To have reached those heights, she must have been a serious artist, rather than an amoral gold-digger. When Failure: Holmes disguises himself as a clergyman, but Irene realizes who he is.
He is amused and excited about the success of his efforts, and by the astonishing turn that events have taken. Monica in Edgware Road. However, he soon collapses to the ground with blood dripping down his face. A surprise for Holmes on the sitting room sofa. What Watson sees through the window is a lovely, kind young woman tenderly nursing the injured Holmes—not a femme fatale with a victim in her clutches.
I often take advantage of the freedom which it gives. Irene Adler the photograph with her. In its hiding place, she has left a letter to Holmes, and a photograph of herself in evening dress for the King. But to be certain that he was indeed the famous detective, she had dressed up as a youth and followed him home, and it was she who had greeted him outside his door. There is the renowned story of James Barry born Margaret Ann Bulkley —a woman who spent her entire life disguised as a man so she could pursue a career as a military doctor; likewise, there are many folk songs about women who joined the army in disguise.
They were surely an inspiration for Conan Doyle, too, together with the famous explorer Richard Burton — , whose many exploits in disguise, such as sneaking into Mecca dressed as a Muslim, so intrigued Victorians. She escapes with her picture, and it seems that for her—as so often with Holmes—winning the game is enough.
Now happily married, …the best laid plans of Mr. Watson she declares in the letter that she has no interest in making the photo public, but will keep it as insurance should it ever be needed. The King is certain that Irene will keep her word, and goes on to rue that she was not of his rank, as she would have made a great queen. The bohemians were associated with romantic living—they were dedicated to artistic creation and free love— and some rejected material shows he is in love with Irene. There is no doubt that Irene Adler is a fascinating character, and many feminist critics have commented on how she presents a challenge to the notion that reason, logic, and independent action are a male prerogative.
Instead, he demonstrates perfectly his dictum that one should not be blinded by preconceptions. Irene has opened his eyes wonderfully. More than a century on, it is a lesson that some adapters of this story have been slower to learn. With their soft, colorful clothes and unkempt hair, they were easy to recognize. Some bohemians were political rebels, but for many it was just a way of life. Peter Jones Scotland Yard detective. Merryweather Chairman of the City and Suburban Bank. He is wearing an arc-and-compass breastpin an emblem of the Freemasons.
His right cuff is very shiny, and his left cuff has a smooth patch near the elbow where it rests upon a desk. Jabez Wilson has worked in manual labor, is a Freemason, has been in China, and has done a considerable amount of writing lately. This is a story which focuses on gullibility and credulousness, and Conan Doyle brings attention to the bizarre, almost unbelievable nature of the case as a claim for its veracity.
Holmes swiftly realizes that Wilson is a Freemason. Holmes also observes that Wilson has been doing a great deal of writing; and this remarkable case revolves around this mundane task. Holmes, especially Thursday and Friday evening, which is just before pay-day. Your case is an exceedingly remarkable one, and I shall be happy to look into it. The image is both potent and bizarre.
In November , a remarkably similar bank robbery took place in Boston, Massachusetts. Charley Bullard and Adam Worth who may have been the inspiration for Moriarty, pp. This engraving appeared in The London Illustrated News in This unlikely tale sustains itself partly because it is so outlandish, and partly because it is hard to know what the two villains are cooking up. For eight weeks, Wilson copied from the book and the money kept coming. William Morris, or Mr. Duncan Ross. We know something of Saxe-Coburg Square. Let us now explore the parts which lie behind it. Young man whose grandfather is a Royal Duke.
Lowly clerk of indeterminate age. Educated at Eton College and Oxford University. Smart and cunning, and at the top of his profession. Good loyal worker with no apparent vices. Avid photographer who develops his photos in the basement. In truth, Holmes has only summoned him in order to get a look at his trouser-legs. Sure enough, the knees are dusty and worn—proof that something has been going on in the cellar.
Holmes has already concluded that the only possible explanation is that Clay is digging a tunnel, so he raps his stick on the pavement outside to test for a hollow sound, but there is none. For Elusive man, seen in Scotland one week and Cornwall the next. It is also odd that St. A considerable crime is in contemplation. I have every reason to believe that we shall be in time to stop it. Hyde But perhaps Holmes is simply treating his brain as a machine, using a little music to stay relaxed—there is nothing to be done now until nightfall.
Merryweather, head of the City and Suburban Bank. I already feel it closing in upon me. Huysmans, and others. It is also reminiscent of the 19th-century French poet Charles Baudelaire, whose book Le Spleen de Paris published posthumously in helped establish the appeal of affectedly melancholic boredom. Although Clay does not appear anywhere else in the canon, it seems that Holmes has met him before. She is soon being shown in by the bellboy, who announces her as Miss Mary Sutherland.
Wearing half-buttoned odd boots but otherwise neatly dressed. Miss Sutherland is a short-sighted typist in a hurry, who had written a note just prior to leaving home. He then invites Windibank to Baker Street and, as expected, sees from his acceptance letter that it was typed on the same machine. Holmes corners his man Typewriters, which were common by , offered standardized text. Her story throws up a number of clues for the alert reader. Miss Sutherland lives with her mother and young stepfather, James Windibank. Her meetings with Angel have occurred only when Windibank was away, during which Angel spoke in a whisper, wore tinted glasses, and had a bushy mustache and sideburns.
The investigation ensues Holmes promises to investigate, but urges her to forget Angel. She claims this is impossible. He points out that Miss Sutherland is clearly short-sighted, but her real myopia signals a more profound blindness: her lack of suspicion has made her a victim of exploitation.
Fearing he would lose this annual income were Mary to marry, Windibank disguised himself as a suitor, then abandoned her in the hope that she would be paralyzed by loss and indecision for years to come, leaving him in control of her funds. Unrepentant, Windibank sneers that the law cannot touch him. These reforms made it harder The larger crimes are apt to be the simpler, for the bigger the crime, the more obvious, as a rule, is the motive.
Sherlock Holmes reveal the truth to Mary, arguing that it would be dangerous to take away her delusions, is a troubling loose end. Most disturbingly of all, her own mother has colluded in the deceit—a poignant betrayal. As a single woman, Mary had the right to bestow her income where she chose, but Windibank was able to prey on her innocence and generosity to appropriate it for himself. He shaves every morning by sunlight. Alice Turner Daughter of John Turner. A s Watson is enjoying a leisurely breakfast in his matrimonial home, a telegram from Holmes arrives, summoning him to the am train out of Paddington.
Holmes has not given him much notice, and the doctor immediately panics, despite living close to the train station. Inspector Lestrade Scotland Yard detective. Charles McCarthy, a tenant farmer from a rural country estate, has been found murdered near a small wooded lake called Boscombe Pool. He has few friends in the area, save for his landlord, John Turner, who amassed a great fortune in Australia many years earlier and has been very generous to McCarthy on account of their acquaintance in those more adventurous days.
Like Holmes, he has ostensibly been hired to clear James of the crime. As the reader later observes Holmes with his nose to the ground, tracking his prey more so than during this particular case, where those occasional glimpses of mutual respect that appear in other stories are markedly absent. More beast than man The scene in which Holmes investigates the surroundings of Boscombe Pool is one of the most vivid portrayals of the great detective imitating a bloodhound. Antipodean intrigue Later, in a private meeting with Turner, Holmes reveals the truth. Past: as a former violent highwayman in Australia, one of his crimes was witnessed by Charles McCarthy and threatens to ruin Turner.
Present: McCarthy then used his knowledge to blackmail Turner for money, land, and a home. With his own health failing rapidly, and the very real prospect of his only child ending up at the mercy of his worst enemy, Turner was driven to silence McCarthy once and for all. Primarily it is America that stands by with a ready supply of corrupt Mormons, Texan racists, and migrant Irish gangsters, but occasionally the trouble has its origins in Australia. Getting away with it? In revealing the full details of what he has discovered, Holmes will clear James McCarthy, but as a consequence, both John Turner and his daughter will be ruined.
In the end, Holmes manages to get the case thrown out on the strength of a number of objections, and young James and Alice are free to build a future together, happily ignorant of their turbulent family history. It is one of the strangest and saddest of the Holmes tales—Holmes fails to prevent the murder of his young client or apprehend the murderers, and never quite gets to the bottom of the mystery.
And yet Conan Doyle listed it as among his favorites. Watson partially explains why when he introduces the story. Recovering his alertness, Holmes at once deduces that the man has come from somewhere southwest of London due to the mix of chalk and clay on his boots. As Watson later acknowledges, Holmes is thoroughly informed on virtually every branch of knowledge relevant to his detective work, and geology is one of them.
It turns out that the young man is from near Horsham, in what is now West Sussex, where distinctive blue gault clay is found at the foot of the chalky South Downs. Uncle Elias was found face-down in a shallow pool of water seven weeks after receiving the letter from India. Father Joseph fell into a chalk quarry three days after the letter from Dundee arrived. Indeed, it is the rich narrative that makes this story. Also, Conan Doyle most likely felt that including a failure helped to enhance the sense of realism in the stories as a whole and keep his readers engaged, since they could not always be sure that an adventure would end well.
A stormy case Holmes to keep its horrors at bay. As is so often the case in the Holmes tales, London is seen as a haven of rationality with danger lurking in the countryside beyond. But it is a fragile sanctuary that Holmes must be constantly on his guard to protect.
No wonder he is in a dark mood. As the storm reaches its height, there is a ring at the door. He is wrong. The story is set in and begins in the middle of a violent September storm, which Watson describes in apocalyptic terms. Within three days, he was dead. They named it the Ku Klux Klan in mockery of their Greeknamed fraternities at college, and dressed up in white robes War on the Confederate side, and then, strangely, retired to a secluded Sussex estate around The grumpy Elias was a recluse and seemed to care only for his adolescent nephew, John, to whom he gave complete control over his household—except for an attic that was always kept locked.
Seven weeks later, Elias was found dead in a shallow pool. The verdict at the inquest was suicide, but John was unconvinced. After Joseph took over the estate, nothing happened for more than a year, until in January he received a letter postmarked to frighten local black people. But what started as a joke soon escalated into violent terror, as white-sheeted vigilantes roamed across the South on horseback, killing black people and burning their houses.
Tens of thousands of black people died as they were lynched, shot, or burned alive in their homes. It is unknown whether the encyclopedia article that Holmes cites is genuine, or whether the KKK really did use orange seeds as warnings. After a massive crackdown by the federal government of President Grant, clan activity did die down around , just as Conan Doyle suggests in this story. But the KKK simply went underground, only to reemerge in the early 20th century, and then again more recently. Since Elias seemed to have burned the papers in question, Joseph did nothing.
Three days later, he too was found dead, having apparently fallen into a chalk quarry. John then inherited the estate, and for two years, all was quiet. The detective at work The laugh was struck from my lips at the sight of his face. As John sets off into the night, Holmes explains to Watson how he sees the case. He has, from just a few telling clues, worked out the nature of the threat.
Both C. This is one reason why, as here, the police often exasperate Holmes. The secret society Holmes deduces that Elias must have had a strong reason for leaving America, and that his reclusiveness suggests he was in hiding. In just a few years, they acquired a terrible reputation for their killings of their opponents and black people, often sending chilling warnings in the form of oak twigs, melon seeds, or—as in this case—orange seeds. The seeds, Holmes believes, are a warning to do what the KKK demands or face the consequences. The surviving fragment of paper suggests to him that the burned papers were a list of those who had previously been sent seeds by the KKK and their resulting response.
Interestingly, his disappearance from the US in coincided with the sudden collapse of the real KKK. Holmes has also worked out that the killer or killers take longer to reach the victim than the warning letter, because they are traveling by sailing ship, whereas the letter goes much faster by a mailboat steamer. The delay from Pondicherry would have been seven weeks, but it was just three days from Dundee.
The London postmark on the most recent letter indicates the killers are now extremely close. Disaster strikes After his brilliant analysis, and feeling there is nothing more to be done that evening, Holmes picks up his violin and starts to play. However, unusually for Holmes, this time he has drawn the wrong conclusion. The following morning, he and Watson awake to a report in the newspaper of a tragic and fatal accident to young John Openshaw, who has been found drowned in the Thames River near Waterloo Bridge.
He begins with three facts about the ship: the ports in which it docked, the dates on which it docked, and the fact that it is American. A ship that matches all three criteria is the one he is looking for. A poignant ending Determined to avenge Openshaw, Holmes pledges to track down the killers himself. The police are not to be trusted. There are three Americans on board, including a Captain James Calhoun. He then cables the Dates He then deduces that the dates the ship was in port must match the postmarks on the letters: January Pondicherry ; January Dundee ; September London. Lone Star American ships police in Savannah to pick up the three wanted murderers as soon as they arrive.
It is one of the most brilliant pieces of detective work in the Holmes canon. Certainly you know a great deal more about it than I do, for the stories have been written in a disconnected and careless way, without referring back to what had gone before. Elias was a racist who made a fortune in Florida on a slave plantation and fought for the Confederates could let his client venture out into the night to his death.
Power and fallibility Although those participants in the Grand Game were Holmesian in their thoroughness and research, their criticism and analysis of the in the Civil War. Unusually for this kind of story, the reader never learns what Elias did, how the papers came into his hands, why he left America, or why the KKK is on his trail.
By not providing the background story, Conan Doyle tantalizes the reader brilliantly with a past that remains an enigma. A view of Waterloo Bridge from Hungerford Bridge in Clair Wife of Neville St. Mary Watson Wife of Watson. The name is written in dark ink that dried naturally, indicating a pause after writing. The address is grayish in color, showing that the ink here has been blotted immediately.
Her husband Isa is an opium addict and has been missing for two days; Kate suspects he is holed up in a opium den. As his doctor, Watson is dispatched to retrieve him. Folk who were in grief came to my wife like birds to a lighthouse. Watson packs Whitney off in a cab home and joins his old friend on the hunt. Clair, has gone missing. He was last glimpsed in the upstairs window of this same opium den by his wife, who happened to be passing by sheer chance. There was blood on the windowsill, and items of St. Boone was arrested, but in the absence of any further leads, Mrs. Clair has commissioned Holmes to get to the bottom of it.
The detective is convinced that this will prove to be a straightforward murder case. Castigating himself for not seeing the truth sooner, he and Watson make their way to Bow Street police station, brandishing a bathroom sponge with which, quite literally, to clean up the matter. Clair are in fact one and the same.
A former actor turned journalist, St. Clair had discovered while researching an article just how much money a successful beggar might make, and for some years has been disguising himself grotesquely in the pursuit of easy cash. Unexpectedly sighted by his wife in his changing room above the opium den, he managed to preserve his secret, but at the cost of a murder charge.
However, since no crime has actually been committed, St. Clair is released, promising an end to Hugh Boone. Lascars were Indian sailors working on British vessels, many of whom settled in London. It was run not by an Indian lascar but by a Chinese immigrant called Ah Sing. The clientele was mostly Chinese sailors, but curious gentlemen and members of the literary elite were also visitors. However, there were far fewer opium dens in London than the literature and popular press of the day implied. Peterson Commissionaire. Countess of Morcar Wealthy owner of the blue carbuncle.
Catherine Cusack Lady-inwaiting to Countess of Morcar. Breckinridge Poultry seller at Covent Garden market. John Horner Plumber accused of stealing the blue carbuncle. James Ryder Attendant at the Hotel Cosmopolitan. T he story opens on a frosty morning two days after Christmas. An extraordinary discovery The reader soon learns the victim was a man named Henry Baker. On examining the hat, Holmes establishes that Baker is a middleaged man with gray hair, which he anoints with lime cream and has recently had cut.
In , E. This Form of Flattery. Holmes at once recognizes the stone as the famous blue carbuncle, recently stolen from the Countess of Morcar at the Hotel Cosmopolitan. For a Chance has put in our way a most singular and whimsical problem. Sherlock Holmes Holmes the trickster As well as good old-fashioned legwork, Holmes employs a fair bit of psychological manipulation in his pursuit of the jewel thief. He then framed Horner, whom he knew to have a In the 19th century, Covent Garden market, where the goose in this story was sold, bustled with buyers and sellers hawking fresh food.
An inexperienced opportunist, Ryder took the gem to a criminal acquaintance who would sell it on his behalf. Grimesby Roylott Widowed former medical doctor, now living on his family estate in Surrey. A cry for help Early one morning in April , a woman of about 30 years of age arrives at B Baker Street in a highly agitated state. It is so early, in fact, that Watson is still in bed.
When Holmes quickly wakes him, he throws on his clothes and goes into the sitting room to see the lady, who is veiled and dressed in black. Demonstrating his powers of deduction in order to reassure her, he says he knows that she got a dog-cart to the station and caught the early train to London simply from the pattern of mud spatters on the left arm of her jacket and the ticket in her hand. This is just what the frightened woman needs. Grimesby Roylott, who is the last living member of one of the oldest families in England.
The Roylotts once enjoyed great wealth, but in recent centuries a succession of spendthrift heirs frittered this family fortune away, and by the time Grimesby came to inherit, all that remained was an old house with a big mortgage at Stoke Moran in Surrey. Roylott earned a degree in medicine and then emigrated to India, where he set up a successful practice. After serving a long prison sentence, he met and married a young widow, Mrs.
Stoner—the mother of Helen and her twin sister Julia—and brought the family back to London, where he planned to set up a new medical practice. Soon after their return, Mrs. Stoner was killed in a railroad accident, leaving a considerable sum of money in her will. Giving up the idea of living in London, Roylott used the money to relocate his family to his ancestral home in Surrey.
Helen explains that a baboon and a cheetah are still roaming loose in the grounds. It was the band! The speckled band! She had been clutching a previously lit match and a box of matches when she died, so had clearly had some light and would therefore have been able to see something in the room. The only other clues were the odd sounds Helen had heard just before she found her sister: a low whistle and a metallic clanging.
These clues, though, made little sense. But one night ago, she experienced a terrifying echo of the past. Helen did as he asked, but in the early hours she had heard an eerily familiar sound: a low, clear whistle. She was so frightened, she stayed awake all night, and in the morning came straight to Holmes. As Helen concludes her story, Holmes observes bruises on her wrist and realizes Roylott has been abusing her. He is now certain of Dr.
Grimesby Roylott Dr. He is desperate to prevent the girls from marrying, since they would gain the right to their own incomes. As Helen heads for home, Holmes is already forming various theories. Abduction involves developing a theory based on all the available facts see p. If either Julia or Helen were to get married, Roylott would be forced to share his annual income with them.
Abduction provides an initial theory which must then be tested. However, Holmes knows he must also test this in situ. At that very moment, Dr. Roylott, who has followed his stepdaughter, bursts ferociously into B. He warns Holmes not to interfere in his affairs and, to underline his point, grabs a poker and bends it into a curve as he leaves. Holmes laughs it off and calmly wrenches the poker straight again—an indication of his physical strength. Holmes and Watson then ready themselves to investigate. That and a tooth-brush are, I think, all that we need.
Along with the cheetah and the gypsies, however, it is also a red herring. Holmes decides that he and Watson must spend the night in the room in which Julia was killed. He explains his plan to Helen: when her stepfather gets home, she is to feign a headache and remain in her room. They extinguish the lamp, in case Roylott sees the light through the ventilator, and then wait in the dark.
Killed by his own weapon Moments later, a terrible cry of pain and fear comes from the next room. All that remains now is for Holmes to reveal how he solved the strange puzzle. Homes explains how, when Julia became engaged, Roylott knew his income would diminish greatly, and so he hatched an ingenious plan to kill her, using one of his exotic pets as a weapon. Before the light of dawn, he would whistle for the snake to return for its saucer of milk, and then the reptile would be stowed away once more in the safe— which closed with a metallic clang. Helen would have met the same dreadful fate if Holmes and Watson had not taken her place in the room.
As the snake entered through the ventilator, Holmes drove it back with his cane, inciting it to attack the waiting Roylott. Watson Pick of the crop During a visit to South Africa in , Conan Doyle was asked by a journalist if he could name his favorite Holmes story. However, since snakes are not mammals, they cannot digest milk and it is harmful to them. Elise Young German woman who helps Hatherley to escape. Another unusual, although by no means unique, feature is the fact that the criminals manage to evade capture. In a few other cases, the perpetrators initially escape from Holmes, but then fate steps in to mete out justice.
In this story, however, there appears to be no retribution for the crime. As the doctor stresses, the events occur during a quiet, comfortable time in his life: following his recent marriage, he has established a medical practice close to Paddington Station and now only occasionally visits Holmes, for social reasons. Watson has a useful ally at the nearby station—a train conductor, who directs a steady stream of patients toward his consulting rooms. Early one morning, the conductor arrives with a young man who has alighted from the morning train and asked to see a doctor.
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The severed digit Watson learns the patient is a hydraulic engineer by the name of Victor Hatherley. He is pale and agitated, and when the doctor suggests that his train journey might have been monotonous, Hatherley breaks into wild laughter that borders on mild hysteria. He soon reveals to Watson the reason for his distress: he has suffered a terrible injury—the loss of his thumb. Holmes sat in his big armchair with the weary, heavy-lidded expression which veiled his keen and eager nature. In the s, many people worried that young British men were becoming rather decadent and effete.
It had been hacked or torn right out from the roots. Like Watson, the reader is roused from the preceding, rather sleepy, narrative, and the tale suddenly gains momentum. In its way, this injury is as horrifying as a murder and, like the doctor, the reader is anxious for Holmes to step in as soon as possible. Holmes invites the young man to lie down on his couch while recalling the events: an approach that is strikingly reminiscent of a key technique that the esteemed psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud was using with his patients at the time Conan Doyle was writing this story.
Yet there is an uncanny similarity in the way that both Freud and Holmes listen to a narrative before working toward their conclusions through a steady process of logical deduction. A tempting offer Hatherley explains that he is alone in the world—both an orphan and a bachelor. Lysander Stark, visited him earlier that week and offered him a hefty fee—10 times his usual rate—to repair a hydraulic press, he was eager to agree.
Unsurprisingly, perhaps, given the warning signs, it is Stark who turns out to be the villain of the piece. Germany was becoming increasingly militaristic under the ambitious and hostile rule of Kaiser Wilhelm, who was supporting the Boers in South Africa against the British during the Boer War — He was met by Stark at the isolated station and driven for an hour through the darkness, in a horse-drawn carriage with frostedglass windows, to the house where the press was located.
Victor Hatherley Police believe the house could be located anywhere within a mile radius of the station. In broken English, she repeatedly implored the young engineer to leave immediately. However, Hatherley was in desperate need of his fee, and determined to prove his toughness by seeing the job through, so he chose to ignore her warning.
Stark returned with his alleged manager, a Mr. Ferguson, and the pair took Hatherley to the press, located inside a small room. Upon hearing this, Holmes quickly realizes that it is a machine for making counterfeit coins. Recognizing that Hatherley had seen through their ploy and afraid that he may have realized the true nature of their illegal work, Stark exited the room, locked the door, and turned on the press—intending to grind the engineer to a pulp. Hatherley screamed and begged to be let out, but his cries were ignored.
He threw himself through it, narrowly avoiding death. Waiting on the other side was Elise, who led him to a secondstory window and urged him to jump. As Hatherley clung to the windowsill by his hands, Stark arrived brandishing a cleaver and hacked off his thumb. The engineer fell into the garden below and then staggered into some rose bushes before passing out. Coiners and smashers …every moment now is precious, so if you feel equal to it we shall go down to Scotland Yard.
Coins were counterfeited on a huge scale in Victorian London. The guilty parties included both men and women. The mysterious German, Elise, and Mr. Ferguson who it turns out is really named Dr. When Hatherley complains that he has lost both his thumb and his fee, Holmes laughs and tells him to simply dine out on the experience.
Simon Middle-aged second son of the Duke of Balmoral. Hatty Doran Young American woman, recently married to St. Flora Millar Former musichall dancer and an intimate of St. His day is brightened by the arrival of an eminent new client: Lord Robert St. Simon, one of the highest aristocrats in the land. The nobleman has recently married Hatty Doran, a free-spirited American heiress. Flora Millar, a jealous chorus girl with whom St.
Simon had once been intimate, tried to storm into the reception and was subsequently seen talking to Hatty in Hyde Park. Flora has been arrested but St. In the s, high-society weddings, like St. Holmes is more interested in the fact that it was scribbled on an expensive hotel bill. As Lestrade becomes ever more confused, Holmes announces that he has already solved the case.
To him, two things are obvious: Hatty had been content to go through with the wedding but something had occurred immediately afterwards that made her regret it. She must have seen someone—given her origins, this was probably an American—and whoever it was must have been important to her, most likely a man. She thought he had been killed during an Apache Indian attack, but he escaped and has since made his fortune. Tracking her down on the morning of her second wedding, Frank sneaked into the service and passed Hatty a note, signed with his initials.
Holmes locates the hotel that Frank had just left, and obtains his new address. Lord St. Holmes takes evident enjoyment in gently mocking his intellect and exposing his various upper-class hypocrisies. The story is also an opportunity for Conan Doyle to express his feelings about America. Although it is not always evident from his American villains, he was a great admirer of the US and toured there several times.
In , he penned a letter to The Times advocating closer ties with the country. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Daniel Rucastle adalah seorang bocah pengangkut keranjang ikan yang bisa bersajak.
Apa yang istimewa dari hal itu? Tidak ada yang istimewa, tentu saja, kecuali kalau kamu bergabung dalam Corsair kepulauan Karibia. Dan sialnya, atau mungkin UNTUNGnya, Daniel, bocah lugu berambut pirang berkulit halus ini, ternyata memang bergabung dalam salah satu Corsair, Corsair Overlord Daniel Rucastle adalah seorang bocah pengangkut keranjang ikan yang bisa bersajak. Dan sialnya, atau mungkin UNTUNGnya, Daniel, bocah lugu berambut pirang berkulit halus ini, ternyata memang bergabung dalam salah satu Corsair, Corsair Overlord tepatnya, di bawah kepemimpinan William Cancelot, si pucat yang tampan.
Apa itu Corsair? Terkadang Corsair mendapat tugas-tugas khusus dalam misi rahasia perintah Raja atau Gubernur. Sejak bergabung dalam Corsair Overlord, Daniel jadi mengenal ascapa, scuba, posterous, flashpan, wheel-lock, dan berbagai benda aneh yang memiliki efek dan khasiat yang aneh juga. Dia jadi tahu mengapa anak-anak belia Corsair memiliki kekuatan luar biasa, bahkan lebih kuat daripada bajak laut dewasa.
Atau mengapa tumbuh jenggot panjang di dagu mereka, padahal mereka baru berusia 10 sampai 12 tahun. Daniel juga jadi mengenal mahluk-mahluk mistis separuh manusia separuh hewan, yang dulu belum pernah ia jumpai. Mulai dari Barbeq manusia setengah ular, Reckon manusia setengah kura-kura, hingga Mermyth manusia setengah ikan. Di awal petualangannya, Daniel bertemu dengan seorang atau seekor? Atau sesosok? Daniel yang lugu terpesona, dan Luna yang cantik pun diam-diam jatuh cinta padanya.
Dia memberi sebuah hadiah istimewa bagi Daniel, yaitu Cribian Merah di tangan kirinya dan sisir tulang ikan kesayangannya. Apa itu Cribian Merah?