Xanthias : Poseidon, yes, and that old fellow's Kharon. The number of passengers had begun to dwindle. They froze as a large, three-headed dog prowled closer to them: Cerberus, who kept the dead from escaping and the living from entering. For this service he was paid by each shade with an obolus or danace, which coin was placed in the mouth of every dead body previous to its burial. It is also in this river where Thetis dipped her son Achilles , in order for him to gain the power of invulnerability. She knew the story. Bodies dipped into the river will receive the gift of immortality; one famous example is when Thetis , mother of the demigod Achilles , dipped him into the river by his heel.
Cerberus permitted all shades to enter, but none to return. The sight of the huge and monstrous Cerebus was the first to confront the souls of the dead when they alighted from the ferryman's boat following their journey across the River Styx. Picture of the River Styx and Tartarus Hell.
Four of the rivers were tributaries of the River Styx. The following chart defines each of the infernal rivers in the Underworld:. Names of Rivers: Information and Facts about the Styx. The Styx separated the world of the living on Earth from the world of the dead in Hades. The Styx had to be crossed to reach life after death. The only way to cross the Styx was in a ferryboat rowed by a terrible old boatman named Charon. The Styx was said to be filled with lost hopes, dreams and wishes that never came true.
The waves of the Phlegethon rolled flames of fire, and lit up, with their vivid glare, the appalling realm of Tartarus. It was described as "a stream of fire, which coils round the earth and flows into the depths of Tartarus". Legend tells that the Phlegethon flowed with fire that burned but did not consume fuel, some say it was made of boiling blood.
River Acheron: The Acheron meaning the river of woe or sorrow was also known as the River of Pain that flowed from the Styx and believed to carry pains intended for mortals back to earth. It also carried the good souls from the Underworld that were sent back to earth after years to be reincarnated as mortals.
The ferryman Charon was tasked with taking souls across the Acheron. Lethe was also the name of the Greek spirit of forgetfulness and oblivion, with whom the waters was often identified.
River Cocytus: The souls that had committed a terrible sin in a moment of passion but had lived in repentance for the rest of their mortal lives were sent to Tartarus. But after one year suffering the torments of hell were sent down the Cocytus meaning lamentation or the 'river of wailing' to face a further judgement. The souls of the unburied dead were said to wander along its marshy banks. River Styx for kids Additional interesting information about gods and goddesses and the beliefs of the ancient civilization of Greece are also available via: Gods and Deities Greek Gods Mythology Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses.
River Styx for kids Additional interesting information about gods and goddesses and the beliefs of the ancient civilization of Greece are also available via: Gods and Deities Greek Gods Mythology. Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses. The River Styx River Styx - Hades, the Underworld The place called Hades, the Underworld was the domain of the god Hades and other gods and goddesses associated with the inexplicable, such as death, sleep, witchcraft, ghosts, dreams and enchantments.
Picture of Charon the Ferryman and the River Styx Map of the Underworld showing the location of River Styx The name 'Styx' comes from a Greek word that denotes both hatred and extreme cold and it expresses loathing of death. Be forewarned, these experiences can be difficult and challenging and there is always a chance you may not survive the trip. I am, Charon, your guide.
As the boatman who transports all the souls of the dead across the River Styx, I will help you navigate your way through the watery tributaries of the Underworld. Now that you've found your way across the river, discover the secrets of each of the Underworld's realms.
Read from journals I've kept in these domains over the past four thousand years and if you think yourself worthy, ask a question by clicking on the icons marked 'Ask Charon' found throughout the Underworld. View others' questions and answers at the 'Ask Charon' bookshelf in this library.
In every world within the RiverStyx website i. Charon keeps track of how many hidden secrets you discover along the way.