In general sense, social purposes unfulfilled needs, prepare and apply their own programs in and entrepreneurship activities variables come into this respect, produce new services and products . The prominence . In this regard, social entrepreneurship is research in this field indicates that the activities concerned defined as social purposeful entrepreneurship activities.
When the social entrepreneurship When social entrepreneurs' characteristics are examined, definitions at individual levels are examined, it is seen that it is seen that they need to have courage, self-confidence, social entrepreneurs are defined as change agents who have responsibility, determination, resolution, and knowledge in social purposes, act to ensure social justice, mobilize ideas, a particular area . According to Reis , social Entrepreneurs are defined by Shaw and Carter  that entrepreneurs create social value to enable the they are motivated, determined, ambitious, charismatic developments in social and economic domains by utilizing leaders and they can deliver vision, inspire others and economic resources through an innovative understanding.
A Social entrepreneurs focus on innovative and number of factors play a significant role in revealing enterprising approaches to determine social problems and behaviors concerned with social entrepreneurship. In this regard, they have a Values are accepted as belief systems which come into significant role in coming up with creative solutions for exist in an individual's early life phase and are shaped complicated and ongoing social matters which do not through life experiences . Values are principles which attract the attention of the commercial, public and lead an individual's choices, evaluations with regard to a non-governmental organizations .
They are inclined to variety of people and cases . They are the most go into action when they see a problem in the environment important determiners of social attitudes, ideologies and and society where they live. Their primary purpose is not to behaviors . They are views which represent beliefs make money or profit. On the contrary, their purpose is to with respect to what is good, desirable and right and are solve the society's problems, meet its needs and interests continuous and shared by societies and individuals . In [14, 2, 15]. So, social entrepreneurship processes are other words, personal values are variables which influence similar to traditional or commercial entrepreneurships an individual's motivation to think and take action  and though they differentiate from the other entrepreneurships account for how an individual's conscious thoughts and with regard to purpose and motivation.
Interest for social intentions go into action . An individual's values incentives in all social entrepreneurship studies has develop by interacting with other people and living become a central pre-requisite issue. Furthermore, this experiences . Personal values can show variations issue is accepted as a distinctive characteristic for social according to circumstances in social construct and living entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs experiences. The reason why the individuals living in the are distinguished with each other with regard to profit same society and having the same cultural characteristics motivation .
There is a consensus among researchers behave differently can be accounted for the fact that they that social entrepreneurs are motivated with social have different personal values . Values influence purposes to gain favor to society . A particular value can be important values, they also have to make economic profit to sustain for an individual, while that value can be unimportant for their missions. Economic value does not represent an another . Knowing other individuals' values can enable ultimate aim for a social entrepreneur. However, it should an individual to make positive relationships with them and be seriously dealt with, for it represents a crucial side effect to decrease the conflicts which can take place .
Values play a behaviors , on pre-service teachers' social significant role in increasing and sustaining self-regulation entrepreneurship will be investigated. In this context, and self-respect and making decisions. Values should be answers for the following questions were sought. To illustrate, security pre-service teachers' social entrepreneurship value becomes more obvious when a traffic accident occurs. In this regard, important values are more pre-service teachers' social entrepreneurship likely to be turned into behavior .
Schwartz  characteristics? They are power, achievement, pre-service teachers' social entrepreneurship hedonism, stimulation, self-direction, universalism, characteristics? In the current research, intellectualism, honesty, self-control, 2. Materials and Methods religiousness and social skills values were used.
Intellectualism refers to those individuals who have the This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Honesty refers examine the relationships between pre-service teachers' to those who are credible and sincere and stress out the personal values and their social entrepreneurship truth every time and place. Self-control refers to those who characteristics. The Relational screening model aims to have control over their emotions and behaviors. The dependent variable of the study is supernatural powers which control humans' destiny, obey social entrepreneurship.
The independent variables of the and worship them. Social skill refers to those who can study are personal values such as self-control, religiousness, communicate and interact with other people, behave intellectualism, social skill and honesty. Education institutions are social open systems which are 2. Population and Sampling affected by changes taking place in social construct and environment and at the same time affect social construct The population of the research consists of and environment through their services and outcomes.
Any sampling method was not at regional, national and international levels in addition to chosen to reach all the population. Participation into the contributing to new generations' physical, cognitive, social research was voluntary. In this regard, pre-service and cultural developments. This can just be possible with teachers voluntarily participated into the research. Teachers undertake significant duties to make the 2. Data Collection Instruments world more livable place.
In this regard, it is necessary to identify the influential factors which encourage teachers to Data was collected from the participants through social entrepreneurship and reveal the behaviors for social pre-service teachers' social entrepreneurship scale, entrepreneurship. In the scope of this research, the effects university students' personal values scale and personal of the personal values, which have impact on individuals' information form. Five-point Likert-point scaling is used in the scale.
Cronbach Alpha coefficient for the scale is reported honesty values and social entrepreneurship are displayed to be. In the context with this research, Cronbach in Table 1. Alpha coefficient for the scale was found as.
It consists of and their social entrepreneurship levels. There is a low Self-control, Religiousness, Intellectualism, Social skill positive relationship between intellectualism and their and Honesty sub-dimensions. Highest -point scaling, namely "I disagree, I moderately agree, and relationship is between religiousness and social I agree".
The mean score for as. The highest mean score takes place in were used to analyze the data. Besides, multiple regression self-control, while the lowest score takes place in analysis was utilized to investigate to what extent religiousness. The results for regression analysis to what pre-service teachers' personal values predict their social extent pre-service teachers' personal values predict their entrepreneurship characteristics.
Data was analyzed social entrepreneurships are displayed in Table 2. Table 1. Arithmetic mean, standard deviation and correlation coefficient values with regard to pre-service teachers' self-control, religiousness, intellectualism, social skill, honesty values and social entrepreneurship Personal values Min. It is seen that the religiousness value The purpose of this research is to identify to what degree mostly predicted the social entrepreneurship characteristics. In this context, the mean component of entrepreneurship for a long time . A scores for pre-service teachers' perceptions with regard to number of social entrepreneurs indicate that their religious their personal values and social entrepreneurship beliefs and faith-based groups' supports such as mosques characteristics were firstly calculated.
Then, the and churches help them exhibit behaviors for social relationship between their self-control, religiousness, entrepreneurship . It has historically been known that intellectualism, social skill and honesty values and their there is a strong bond between religious groups and social entrepreneurship characteristics was examined. And entrepreneurship activities.
through social entrepreneurship and personal value scales. The results of the human development report, there are a numbers of matters to be overcome in. Entrepreneurship for Human Flourishing (Values and Capitalism) [Peter Greer, Chris Horst] on rapyzure.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In our efforts .
So, religious belief groups lastly, regression analysis was conducted to what extent the shape their members' behaviors by assigning a variety of values predict their social entrepreneurship characteristics. Besides, helping others is a common As a result of the data analysis, it was seen that the mean theme in a number of religious traditions and it is seen that scores for pre-service teachers' personal values from the there is a relationship between religiousness and aid as a highest to lowest ones are as follows; self-control, result of the scientific researches .
They tend to be optimists. Theorists Frank Knight  and Peter Drucker defined entrepreneurship in terms of risk-taking. Recent discussions on the birth of entrepreneurial opportunities through creation and discovery Alvarez and Barney, ; Zahra, can also inform future research. Project entrepreneurs are individuals who are engaged in the repeated assembly or creation of temporary organizations. Foreign investors are even less tolerant and patient because they usually have alternative opportunities to invest in other countries where these unproductive delays are not present and the investment climate and outlook are at least as favorable. Technological innovations, in particular, often bring upheaval, challenge existing cultural including religious values, disrupt existing methods of operations, and undermine existing relationships within and across industries.
Other individuals or intellectualism, honesty, social skill and religiousness. The fact that religious values take self-control among the values, their least preference was encouraging roles in cooperation, solidarity and sharing religiousness. Self-control individuals to be sensitive to social matters. In this beliefs positively affect their entrepreneurship activities in respect, the fact that pre-service teachers primarily prefer terms of three aspects. It entrepreneurship activities and preference to form intrinsic can be stated that pre-service teachers give much more and extrinsic social networks.
It is known that increasingly experiences in education . The findings social entrepreneurs have extroverted personality obtained from the research by Schwartz  support this characteristics . Extroverted individuals can easily result. In this research, peoples' more involvement in interact with other people, like being with people and are formal training process contributes to developing their inclined to be in cooperation .
It is obvious that self-control value. The fact that pre-service teachers less extroverted individuals have higher social skills. The prefer religiousness value compared with the other values ability to establish qualified relationships with others is is an unexpected result for Turkey. Because it was revealed mostly regarded as one of the necessary conditions to in the previous research conducted with the university benefit from opportunities and innovations in students in Turkey that they have religious tendencies at entrepreneurship .
Brandstatter  stressed out that somewhat higher level [48, 49]. Helfat, C. Industrial and Corporate Change, Hitt, M. Direct and moderating effects of human capital on strategy and performance in professional service firms: A resource-based perspective. Academy of Management Journal, Kehoe, R. Kotha, R. Friends, family, or fools: Entrepreneur experience and its implications for equity distribution and resource mobilization. Klapper, L.
Patterns of business creation, survival and growth: Evidence from Africa. Labour Economics, SS Lounsbury, M. Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Mata, J. Life duration of new firms. The Journal of Industrial Economics, Mitusch, K.
Gazelles—High Growth Companies. Technical Report. Small Business Administration. Frequently asked questions about small business. The Small Business Advocate, 31 6 : Human Resources in entrepreneurship Datum: 06 januari The key findings of this study were as follows: Access to vetted financial resources such as bank loans generally increased the use of MHR. Human capital factors such as the experience or education of the founding team has little effect on the use of MHR. MHR has a positive effect on firm survival. The effect of MHR on survival depending on the age of the firm.
In general, MHR has a significantly stronger, positive effect on firm survival as firms as they aged. Reynolds 30 September Robinson Angel Investing. Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 16 January International Migration Review. The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. New York: John Wiley. In Institutional patterns and culture, L. Zucker ed. Organization Studies. Munir, and H. Maguire: "Entrepreneurship" in Handbook of organizational institutionalism.
Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin-Andersson and R. Suddaby eds. British Food Journal. See also pp. Stanford Business Books. Gender in Management: An International Journal. Retrieved 3 May The Entrepreneurial Process. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. The entrepreneur: An economic theory. Academy of Management Review, 25, — Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 2, 1— Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, — Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1, 75— Academy of Management Review, 26, — The extent and nature of opportunity identification by experienced entrepreneurs.
Journal of business venturing, 24 2 , pp. The business gestation process of novice, serial, and parallel business founders.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 22 4 , pp. Journal of Business Venturing, 19, — A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation. Academy of management review, 10 4 , pp. Complexity dynamics of nascent entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 22 2 , — The tortoise versus the hare: Progress and business viability differences between conventional and leisure-based founders.
Journal of Business Venturing, 30 2 , pp. Exploring start-up event sequences. Journal of business venturing, 11 3 , pp. American Journal of Sociology. Projects and Profits, 4 2 : Retrieved 6 June Small Business Administration. Retrieved 2 June Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 1 August Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Risk, Uncertainty and Profit.
Cosimo, Inc. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Journal of Business Venturing.
Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 30 March What motivates entrepreneurial entry under economic inequality? The role of human and financial capital. Human Relations 68 7 : , Sage. International Small Business Journal. Taking the 'others' of entrepreneurship seriously". Archived from the original PDF on 9 August Academy of Management Journal. Leadership: A communication perspective 5th ed. Long Grove, IL: Waveland. Journal of Applied Psychology. M; Posner, B. The leadership challenge: How to get extraordinary things done in organizations.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. K; Schneider, J; Niles, K. The essence of leadership. New York: Lexington Books. Academy Of Management Review". International Journal of Economics and Business Research. M Language, social comparison and power. The handbook of communication science. Toward a theory of conflict and culture in communication. Teaching about public persuasion. National Council of Teachers of English. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. Journal of Labor Economics.
Retrieved 24 February The Journal of Socio-Economics. Retrieved 25 February Paul Muljadi. Archived from the original on 31 December Small Business Economics. July Management Science. Archived from the original PDF on 10 October Retrieved 30 June Stanford Graduate School of Business; News. McGraw Hill Professional. The Absorbent Mind.
New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. American Journal of Education.
Safety Science. European Management Journal. Early life experiences as predictors of entrepreneurship". Developmental Psychology. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25 2 , An integrative theory of leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. Strategic Management. International Encyclopedia of Communication. Boston: Blackledge. Changing Conceptions of Leadership. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind.
Organizational Dynamics. International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Retrieved 27 November Organizing Entrepreneurship. Hill; Gareth R. Jones 14 October South-Western College Pub. Duane Ireland; Robert E. Hoskisson; Michael A. Hitt 8 October Jones 13 October Essentials of Strategic Management.
The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses. Journal of Business Venturing published November Bootstrapping has taken on many definitions in the literature, but there has been some recent consensus that it is a collection of methods used to minimize the amount of outside debt and equity financing needed from banks and investors Winborg and Landstrom, and Harrison and Mason, Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management. Bank of Canada, Working Papers Journal of Economics.
S Adegbenro I. S adegbenro Polytechnic, on 1 July Shane 1 October Yale University Press. October Private equity and venture capital.