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Filtered By:. Grid List. Order By: Top Matches. Wake the Witch by TW Brown. Kobo ebook. Furthermore, the "Chernozems," the aforesaid soil, is rich in hydrocarbons. Presumably, some of it was combusted, too. The incident of its formation was most likely a cometary encounter. Goosen goes farther, in what approaches in fact a general theory of soils formation.
Slickensides common in cracked vertisols and related to mass movements of ash and clay , and latosols, along with much other soil with a high iron content are assigned catastrophic origins, with tides and floods in the first case, and heavy hematite exoterrestrial fall-out in the second as the mechanism. Nothing, of course. Does mythology have something to say? One of the most popular creation legends has man being made from clay, Hebrew Genesis, for example.
The Greek Promethean creation, for another. Moreover, the "Cree Indians believe that the flesh of those who perished in the waters of the Deluge were changed into red pipe-clay.
I wrote it as a warm up for the project I had brewing in the back of my mind. Wake the Witch by TW Brown. Adam rated it it was amazing Oct 06, Wake the Witch. Watch what….
Similar myths or echoes of myths are found in the tales of almost every nation. Why clay? Because, according to ordinary surmise, clay is malleable; early people would made images of clay and, projecting their desire for omnipotence onto the gods, would imagine that the gods could fashion real people from clay. Is this adequate reason? Is there additional reason to believe so? Bellamy also asserts that the enormous and unfamiliar loess deposits, which must have formed such a striking feature of the new Earth, were regarded by the survivors as the dissolved bodies of their unfortunate brothers and sisters .
It is noteworthy that loam deposits do surround the remains of Peking man at Choukoutien and human tools of the Lower Paleolithic in Europe and Tadzhik U. The loess is a fine undifferentiated loam of brownish or reddish color that makes eerie standing images by its vertical pipe structure when eroded. The logical divine action, in magical theory, is to create people from the same material, especially if its origin is celestial. To conclude our reasoning, the myth and the magical reasoning press a hypothesis upon the geologist.
The origin of loess may be in an immense fall-out of dust from a comet or an explosion of Earth material into the highest atmosphere whence most of it fell back to form loess and clay covering many hills and valleys to this day. Since humans seem to recall such an event, the time might not be far off. He has a story to tell too. Where loess in unoxidized, it has a greyish color, but may also be yellow, orange, or brown because of presence of ferric oxides. The State of Kansas is estimated to be overlain by more than 50, cubic miles of loess. There is little glacial outwash in Kansas, Cyr writes, and he does not see how glaciers had the power to grind down sufficient rock within the Pleistocene age, wherein it is placed, to supply the loess.
He estimates the worldwide deposits at 7, cubic miles per degree of longtitude per hemisphere. And he suggests that the ocean "blue" mud may be part of it. A few more words are owing on the origins of the drift or till, before letting the abused author Donnelly stand in his solitary majesty.
Many accounts of stone falls are acceptable; Corliss has compiled and introduced some of them. Velikovsky has analyzed several cases, while rejecting Donnelly as to the cometary origins of the drift. For instance, he points to 28 fields of blackened, sharp-edged and broken stones harras in Arabia in strewn fields of many thousands of square miles; they are not igneous; they are referred to in ancient Arabic and Hebrew literature; they originate from the sky in early historical times .
Till is a stiff clay full of stones varying in size up to boulders; conventional science says it was produced by abrasion and carried along by the ice sheet as it moved over the land. So Geikie said in , and the definition is still useful. Donnelly pointed out that this till, which he called drift, is not in all places where the ice was said to be and exists in other areas where no ice was supposed to have been.
Till is common "over much of the most important mineral producing terrain of the northern hemisphere. Till occurs ubiquitously in Canada and Scandinavia and is present as well over significant areas of the United States, U. But why, argued Donnelly, was there a "driftless region" is Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota . And why is very little found in Siberia; there exist " the great river-deposits, with their mammalian remains, which tell of a milder climate than now obtains in those high latitudes, still lying undisturbed at the surface.
And why are "glacial" pebbles and a "terminal moraine" found on hills and in valleys of the Southern Appalachians, and where the ice was not supposed to have reached in Eastern Kentucky . Crossed trains of drift occur, and are rationalized into successive advances and retreats of ice under different climate and morphological conditions.
The till is not fossiliferous. Where drift and till have been found in Australia, India, and deep beds of older rock in Scotland, they were attributed to more ancient ice ages, thus scholars might conveniently dispose of all material appearing to be till. It is not difficult in historical geology to use time freely to make place for anomalies and to create events, even the greatest types of events, such as ice ages.
Using the ordinary theories of glacial geology, even though he is an exoterrestrial catastrophist, the Soviet geologist Salop has pointed out "that the Precambrian glaciations occurred under very unfavorable physical-geographical conditions. The glacial deposits are interbedded between strata indicating a hot climate, such as red-beds, dolomites, phytolite-bearing limestones at present only found in warm, usually mineralized waters along the seashore or in tropical lagoons and hot springs , evaporites, kaolinitic sandstones and bauxite.
But Salop also demonstrates that nine ice-age pre-cambrian "intervals vary from 40 to or MY and no evident periodicity can be observed. Some association may be found among tillite beds and a low sea-water temperatures as measured in the differing gas and mineral concentrations of stratified sea-shells, and b "coeval strata" that "attest to the influence of a cold, almost glacial climate. The association is loose enough to permit the argument that tillites may not be associated with cold climates, hence the tillites are not deposits of ice sheets and glacier, and, further, that tillites may be exoterrestrial deposits occurring in both hot and cold climatic period, wreaking quick destruction upon the biosphere.
Cyr and Sun point out that tektites are chemically similar to loess. This would suggest a possible exoterrestrial origin for loess and a coincidence of the two substances. Tektites are jets of fused silica. They range from microscopic size to large chunks. They are strewn around the world in enormous fields. Heezen and Hollister estimated an Indian Ocean deposit of a billion tons that they think occurred upon a reversal of the Earth's magnetic field , years ago.
Billy Glass and R. Baker of the University of Delaware, with D. Storzer and G. They estimated the total tektite field at 10 17 grams of material, dated stratigraphically at Middle Upper Eocene. Some such glass microspherules were found in the sediment of one thin core at a depth of some centimeters below the Caribbean Sea Bottom. The falls apparently came either at different times, or from different phases or portions of a gigantic single incident, because there are chemical differences among the tektites coming from different strewnfields of the world.
The writers claim different times, for they hold few reservations about their dating techniques. If from different times, a Moon origin is suggested, for there could have been large meteoroid explosions upon the Moon that would have splashed debris onto the Earth. Or, since the tektites are of a material akin to the Earth's crust, they might have been a fall-back from large explosive impact encounters with Earth.
Glass and Heezen differentiated three forms of tektites found in the Far East. One was melted twice, one melted once, and a third little melted. They deduce a massive cosmic body breaking up upon atmosphere entry into two or several pieces. Of these, one would explode in the upper atmosphere, another closer to the ground and a third close to the ground . Faul says "it is an established fact that tektites fell from the sky," but show too little cosmic-ray interaction to have spent much time in the sky . Although he allows a possible lunar origin for some tektites, he shows that some tektite fields are too concentrated spatially to have been flung from the Moon and that, in Germany and the lvory Coast, a similar composition can be ventured for large astroblemes and nearby tektite fields.
No writer has considered the possibility of an origin from the fission of the Moon and Earth.
If the present author's theory of lunar fission were postulated, then the composition, distribution and occurrence of the specified forms of tektites would be consonant with the event. I think that legendary streams of cosmic arrows shot by the gods upon hapless but offensive mankind might refer to the glassier kinds of fall-out. Tektites resemble somewhat obsidian, a popular igneous stone for fabricating arrowheads.
Tektites may fall like showers of needles, or arrows, or as arrowheads in size, weight and hardness. The same tektites are called "Dragon Pearls" in China. Carter Sutherland in traced dragon art in China back to its apparent origins around B. C . That reinforcements of the horrendous but sometimes beneficent "Lucky Dragon" image have been supplied by various comets through the ages was documented by Dwardu Cardona . Invariably the Chinese dragon is chasing a "chuh," or globe, or sphere, and "chuh" also means "pearl".
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Indians, Javanese, and Tibetans also call the tektite "fire pearl". Long before modern science became interested in tektites, the ancient Chinese the T'ang Annals knew that these 'fire pearls' originated in space.
The tektites fell from the sky . Aerodynamic ablation experiments with tektite glass have simulated their shaping upon entry and passage through the atmosphere. They are found in recent sediments and on the surface. The tektites were not long in space, they display no cosmic-ray interaction. They are easily eroded  but still exist in abundance and cannot be found in fossilized beds, another sign of youth.
Many are around the million-year mark Heezen Glass, Chaprian . Gentner's dating by fission-track suggests a million years or less for certain groups, much longer times were assigned to others. The tektite falls have been associated by Billy Glass and others with magnetic reversals and faunal changes .
A syllogism emerges: a heavy-body impact explodes tektites high into the sky; it causes reversal of the Earth's magnetic field; as the EMF hits zero point, cosmic particles, ordinarily deflected, pour down and cause mutations and extinction. Contrasting with this theory are opinions such as Lyttletons's that tektites fell from a passing comet train. However, Urey and Spencer argue that they reflect a splash from a cometary or meteoroid impact on the Earth. Moreover E. King: "the answer is now clear: tektites are produced from extraterrestrial rocks melted by hypervelocity impacts of large, extraterrestrial objects.
Erratic bits of an exploded planet from the Mars-Jupiter interregion often fall to Earth. Some of them may also be surviving, uncaptured, terrestrial material. The tektite fields on Earth could also be fall-back from the lunar eruption. Rittmann writes : "The chondrites of meteoric falls correspond genetically to the terrestrial sima, and the tektites to the protosialic upper crust of the primeval earth.
It shattered by gravitational force, and part crashed while part continued on.
Loess was thus laid down, and in some place melted by impact into glass. Loess has a chemical composition very much like the tektites, as I have mentioned above. Aerial explosions created innumerable small glass blobs that fell to Earth. The investigators generally agree that tektites are earth-like and moon-like in composition. Probably, the loess and tektites arrived within the same time span after passing into the upper atmosphere following their explosion from the Earth.
Either a passing large body exploded the Earth's crust to make them or a meteoroid impact did the job. John O'Keefe links the North American strewn field of tektite and microtektite falls with the terminal Eocene Tertiary event, when radical climatic change can be perceived in floral abundances and radiolaria were devastated . His theory calls for the tektites to assume, before final descent, a ring-like structure around the Earth.
The ring might have lasted a million years and cast a blighting shadow over the biosphere. It is apparent here, once more, that earth scientists are becoming ever more daring in their suggestions of mechanisms to satisfy the resultant state of geological facts. Just under a century ago, Issac Vail received short shrift from academicians for proposing a Saturnian ring canopy system for the globe and arguing that it was known to early civilized man and fell apart before his very eyes . Reporting systems on natural phenomena have gradually become more complete, regular, and valid.
Nevertheless, the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal in issued an enchanting list of "meteoric stones, masses of iron, and showers of dust, red snow, and other substances, which have fallen from the heavens, from the earliest period down to Red rains, often associated with meteors, were common. William Corliss, in his compilations, has educed much additional literature on peculiar fall-outs. Peter James  , Donnelly, Velikovsky and others have demonstrated the frequent occurrence of red falls in proto-history.
Much meteoritic dust falling upon the Earth is invisible and immeasurable. Meteoritic falls have been estimated at tons per year by Saukov . Hughes arrives at a figure of 16, tons per year. Schmidt gives an average for all of geological time at 8x10 11 tons per year, very much larger and based upon an exponentially leveling off of initially vast drops of material .
At the last rate, with a geological age of 5x10 9 years, one would have a total of 40x10 20 tons dust dropped on Earth from space. This is not far from the total mass of the Earth, 6x10 21 tons. But if Pettersson is correct, the rate of accretion of cosmic dust may be about 10, tons per day . Micrometeorite dust has been estimated by Fred Singer  to fall at a median rate of tons per day or , tons per year the rate may actually be 10 times more or less, he estimates. The calculation is from the detection of aluminum 26 abundance ratio in Pacific Ocean bottom cores.
This is 4. If any exponentialism is part of Singer's scheme and it should be, a fairly considerable portion of the Earth's crust should be composed of gathered-in planetary dust, achieved in a fairly short time.