Drug Policy. Border and Port Security.
Transnational Crime. The cartels also produce and smuggle vast quantities of marijuana into the United States, but legalization of the drug in some U.
Mexican heroin production increased by 37 percent between and alone. Over the decades, they have grown, splintered, forged alliances, and battled one another for territory. Sinaloa Cartel. In , Mexican authorities extradited Guzman to the United States, where he is on trial for multiple drug-related charges. Jalisco New Generation.
The Jalisco cartel splintered from the Sinaloa Cartel in Juarez Cartel. Gulf Cartel. Los Zetas. It splintered from the Gulf Cartel in and held sway over swaths of eastern, central, and southern Mexico, but it has reportedly lost power in recent years. Beltran-Leyva Organization.
Since then, all four Beltran-Leyva brothers have been arrested or killed, but their loyalists operate throughout Mexico. Experts point to both domestic and international forces.
In Mexico, cartels pay off judges, police, politicians, and other officials using their vast drug profits, which the U. With new politicians in power, cartels ramped up violence against the government in an effort to reestablish their hold [PDF] on the state. At the international level, Mexican cartels began to take on a much larger role in trafficking drugs in the late s, after U. Mexican gangs eventually shifted from being couriers for Colombian DTOs to being wholesalers. All the while, the U. Most illicit drugs are smuggled from Mexico into the United States through the more than three hundred ports of entry , or legal crossings, which are controlled by U.
Traffickers hide or disguise drugs in passenger vehicles and tractor trailers and, to a lesser extent, on buses and cargo trains. A smaller percentage is smuggled between ports of entry, along the 1,mile southwestern border, an area patrolled by Border Patrol. Mexican traffickers transport drugs across land trails or through underground tunnels that traverse the border. It is coming down the tracks. Brownfield told a US Senate subcommittee in November. It is in our interest, in fact it would be the height of folly and stupidity for us, not to prepare for it now and in advance.
Officials across the Caribbean say they lack the money and training necessary to combat an increase in the drug trade. Some 10 percent of the cocaine bound for the US passes through the islands, with the vast majority still traveling through Central America and Mexico, according to estimates. Read more: Drug addiction surges in Dominican Republic.
Traffickers largely utilize go-fast boats, capable of carrying more than 4, pounds of cocaine, to transport drugs. However, throughout the Caribbean, other, more inventive methods are on the rise, according to the DEA. Divers are sent to retrieve the drugs once the ships arrive.
The Dominican Republic has long been central to the Caribbean drug trade. Some estimates have found 7 percent of cocaine bound for the US and 11 percent of cocaine bound for Europe is shipped through the island of Hispaniola, shared by the DR and Haiti. For years, drug traffickers had been bombing the island with bundles of cocaine thrown from small planes.
The drugs were then taken by fast boats to Puerto Rico or elsewhere. The Dominican military had significantly reduced the number of flights when it began deploying Brazilian-made Embraer Super Tucano turboprop aircraft last year. Illicit drug flights from South America to the Caribbean — predominantly to the Dominican Republic — fell from in to 28 in , according to estimates based on US monitoring of air space supplied to GlobalPost.
Colombians, Venezuelans and Puerto Ricans, working with Dominicans, use the maritime route to move drugs from South America to Puerto Rico, where it can easily enter the US via the eastern seaboard, or to Europe. They are familiar with Colombians and Venezuelans and Puerto Ricans. Authorities are already struggling with a spiking crime wave they say is caused by the drug trade. Archived from the original on 9 July Archived from the original on 30 September Periodico Realidad BCS.
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Retrieved October 15, We notice you are using a browser version that we do not support. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email. Is Privatization the Next Step? International intelligence agencies in Santo Domingo have flagged the growing presence of Russian organized crime figures. El Universal.
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