Put endnotes after the main text and any appendixes but before the bibliography. Center the title Notes at the top of the first page and add two blank lines after.
For the note numbers, use normal text with a period and space after, or use superscript to match the corresponding note numbers in the main text with a space but no period after. If note numbers restart with 1 in each chapter, add chapter subheads.
Single-space each note, and add a blank line between notes and two blank lines before chapter subheads. If a work includes a bibliography, which is typically preferred, then it is not necessary to provide full publication details in notes.
If you cite the same source again, or if a bibliography is included in the work, the note need only include the surname of the author, a shortened form of the title if more than four words , and page number s. However, in a work that does not include a bibliography, it is recommended that the full citation be repeated when it is first used in a new chapter. In the NB system, the footnote or endnote itself begins with the appropriate full-sized number, followed by a period and then a space.
In the NB system, the bibliography provides an alphabetical list of all sources used in a given work. This page, most often titled Bibliography, is usually placed at the end of the work preceding the index. It should include all sources cited within the work and may sometimes include other relevant sources that were not cited but provide further reading.
Although bibliographic entries for various sources may be formatted differently, all included sources books, articles, websites, etc. If no author or editor is listed, the title or, as a last resort, a descriptive phrase may be used. Though useful, a bibliography is not required in works that provide full bibliographic information in the notes.
The last names of the authors must be arranged alphabetically. The second line of the source must be indented.
These footnotes and endnotes acknowledge the different sources used in the work. When a source is used in a research paper, a roman numeral is placed at the end of the borrowed information as superscript it is smaller than the normal line of text and raised. That number correlates with a footnote or endnote. Footnotes are found at the bottom of the page Endnotes are added at the end of the chapter or project A footnote or endnote contains the complete citation information.
The matching number in the footnote or endnote is normal sized and not raised. It is up to the discretion of the writer to either place the citation at the bottom of the page where the superscript is placed a footnote or to place all citations together at the end of the work endnotes. Example: One would wonder, "Would young Einstein be characterized as belonging somewhere on the autism spectrum? Would Erdos have been given a diagnosis of A.
Silver, Nate. July 13, Accessed August 04, This will reduce the bulk of citation information in the paper. Example: 1. July 09, Wolf, Leon H. August 04, Rosnay, Tatiana De. Sarah's Key, Doerr, Anthony. All the Light We Cannot See, For further clarification on Notes and Bibliography citations, consult the Chicago Manual of Style's website.
Creating Your Citations in Chicago Style As mentioned, when you're following The Chicago Manual of Style, you'll be required to create a list of all sources used on your paper. In the bibliography: Last name, First name. Title of book. In the bibliography: Staggs, Sam. In the bibliography: Shohat, Ella and Robert Stam. In the footnotes and endnotes: 4.
Michael J. Baker, The Marketing Book. In the bibliography: Baker, Michael J. The Marketing Book. In the bibliography: Bomann, Corina. The Moonlight Garden. Example of Chicago Citation for Database Journals Book, Chapter:Verse, Edition. In the bibliography: Title of Bible , Edition.
Related posts. Pan Pot. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all CMOS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. Bibliography: A bibliography at the end of the document provides full details of all sources cited and consulted by the writer. This is an example of a full 1 and shortened 2 footnote containing a website citation. A superscript number is placed within the text where needed - not necessarily at the end of a sentence to indicate a footnote. Rosnay, Tatiana De.
Example of Chicago Citation for Bible In the footnotes and endnotes: 6. A frequently cited blog, however, may be included in the bibliography. In the footnotes and endnotes: 1. Citation Machine has created this citation based on recommendations from librarians. In the footnotes and endnotes: 2. Example of Chicago Citation for Broadcasts In the footnotes and endnotes: 3.
In the bibliography: Essential Mix. Peter Finn. In the bibliography: Finn, Peter. How to Cite Conference Proceedings in Chicago Style If the conference paper was included in a published proceeding, cite it like a chapter in a book. If the conference paper was published in a journal, cite it the same way as a journal article.