Die 100 wichtigsten Antworten zur Finanzkrise (German Edition)

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Has the Commission put a figure on the value of this market for the entire European Union? France was the first country in the European Union to adopt such legislation. Is the Commission intending to propose legislation at EU level to combat the black market in event tickets? The Commission is aware of the issue raised by the Honourable Member.

However, at this stage the Commission has no information as to the possible value of the secondary market in ticket resale for the whole EU. The main issues identified were unfair contract terms and conditions, missing or misleading price information and trader details. The Commission does not intend to propose EU legislation specifically dealing with ticket resale.

El estado de bienestar social es un derecho que debe de garantizarse sobre todo en aquellos sectores de la sociedad que corren el riesgo de verse gravemente vulnerados. Por consiguiente, es importante hacer el mejor uso posible de los Fondos Estructurales. One of the consequences of this measure, however, is the freezing of or delay in payments from the Government to bodies or institutions that provide basic services in our society, such as the third social sector.

The social welfare state is a right that must be guaranteed above all others in those sectors of society that are at risk of serious harm. In the case of Catalonia, the budget cuts resulting from the crisis particularly affect senior citizens residing in care homes, in terms of the third social sector. What action is the Commission thinking of taking to safeguard the social welfare state when, on the other hand, it is being required to adopt policies to reduce public spending?

It advocates for integrated packages of benefits and services that can help people to participate in society and the labour market, stressing prevention rather than cure, and thus reducing the need for benefits. It also invites to use both national and EU funding to support access to high quality health, education and housing services amongst others, bringing potential for new job opportunities in those sectors including elderly care. To this respect, the ESF can be a useful source of financing to build the bridge between the urge for fiscal consolidation and the need to unblock growth, create jobs and mitigate the social impact of the crisis.

It is therefore important to make the best possible use of Structural Funds. Promoting social inclusion and tackling poverty is a priority in the recently adopted Annual Growth Survey. What sparked this manhunt was the disappearance of an eight-year-old boy, found dead the following day, missing his tongue and genitals. The two Europeans suspected of being responsible for this crime were subsequently tortured, beaten and then burnt by the rioters.

Following the incident, the French consulate in Madagascar strongly advised its nationals not to travel to the island. It appears that public lynchings are not uncommon in Madagascar, where suspected thieves or drivers involved in fatal accidents have recently been burnt alive. Consequently, will the High Representative condemn these barbaric acts perpetrated against European nationals in Madagascar? Furthermore, does she intend to take steps to establish preventative measures in order to ensure the safety of European expatriates in view of the likely instability in the country in the run up to the presidential and legislative elections?

The EU's Head of Delegation in Madagascar has expressed regret for the loss of life and high concern about such violence and the issue was discussed at length during a meeting that was held with the Prime Minister. The Malagasy authorities have reacted promptly and have deployed additional security forces to re-establish law and order, to investigate the circumstances and to arrest the perpetrators.

It appears to be an eruption of extreme violence where local population has taken law into its own hands. The EU has no responsibility in adopting preventive measures to ensure the safety of European expatriates. It is up to each Member State to recommend and adopt, if necessary, specific measures for their nationals living or visiting Madagascar. In practical terms, such a measure would establish an autonomous euro area budget for policies of a social nature for example, in the area of unemployment insurance. Does the Commission agree that such a measure would essentially endorse the creation of a two-speed Europe, leaving, in practice, Member States which have not yet adopted the euro without this safety net?

Does the Commission not think that it would be extremely difficult to implement such a measure, not only due to the varied economic conditions in Member States, but also to the fact that the social insurance systems operating in the euro area countries are particularly diverse, given that they are based on different principles? This includes a consideration of the longer-term possibility of an autonomous euro area budget providing the euro area with a fiscal capacity to support Member States to absorb shocks.

One possible stabilisation tool identified in such a context has been an EMU-level unemployment insurance scheme. The Commission does not consider that an EMU-wide automatic stabiliser like a euro area unemployment insurance scheme would necessarily create a two-speed Europe, if only because it could be designed to be open to future euro area countries. Preliminary technical analysis of Commission services has shown that implementation of an EMU unemployment compensation scheme would be challenging but that there could be solutions — building also on lessons from other federal systems — to make a supranational system compatible with the national ones.

Further analysis in this respect is certainly required. Over the past few years, the Turkish customs authority has been stopping Bulgarian lorries at border crossing points with increasing frequency, thus restricting their access to the Turkish road haulage market. The actual times required for the journeys are shorter than the periods stipulated, and the hauliers are thus forced to wait at the border crossings into Turkey until the times arbitrarily set by the Turkish authorities have expired.

The customs officers refuse to accept bilateral permits for carriage between loading and unloading points in Turkey and Bulgaria respectively, and ask for third-country or transit permits. The correct application of the provisions of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport and the International transport Forum ITF arrangements is the responsibility of the signatories Member States and third countries. Pending the possible future conclusion of EU agreements covering the area of road transport, the current international road transport relations between Member States and third countries are governed by bilateral or multilateral agreements between the Member States and the third countries concerned.

Den USA geht das Geld aus. Am Und diese Pleite hatte immense weltweite Auswirkungen. Wichtige Entscheidungen zu beiden Themen sind nicht ergangen, sondern wurden nur vertagt: Die Schuldengrenze wurde bis zum 7. Die Kommission kommentiert keine individuellen Bewertungen durch Rating-Agenturen. The USA is running out of money. If the Democrats and Republicans do not come to an agreement about raising the debt ceiling, the government will no longer be able to fulfil all its obligations — and will be at least partially insolvent.

This could in turn lead to economic difficulties worldwide. And this collapse had enormous repercussions worldwide. Around half of US debt is owned by foreign governments and central banks, US bonds being considered to be one of the safest investments in the world today. A default would cast serious doubt on these stocks and the dollar as a global currency. Experts say that the USA would plunge into a deep recession — and, as the largest consumer, would bring down many other countries' economies.

During the euro crisis, credit ratings agencies often downgraded countries for far slighter reasons. As a result, it is in a better position to withstand external economic and financial shocks. Betreft: Mogelijk Russisch importverbod op Nederlandse tulpen en zuivelproducten. Welke maatregelen zal de Commissie nemen om Nederlandse exporteurs te beschermen tegen de nadelige gevolgen van een mogelijk verbod op hun producten?

De Commissie is op de hoogte van berichten in de media dat Rusland een invoerverbod op sommige Nederlandse producten zoals tulpen en zuivelproducten overweegt. Tot dusverre is echter geen informatie van de zijde van de Russische of de Nederlandse autoriteiten ontvangen. Net als voor alle andere Russische handelsbeperkingen geldt ook hier dat, mocht Rusland maatregelen ten aanzien van de betrokken producten nemen, de Commissie de kwestie eerst bilateraal met Rusland zal opnemen.

Als er geen oplossing wordt gevonden, zullen die maatregelen aan een verder grondig onderzoek worden onderworpen en zal de Commissie niet aarzelen de kwestie aan te kaarten bij de Wereldhandelsorganisatie. Is the Commission aware of Russian announcements about a possible import ban on Dutch products? How would the Commission assess the claim that, in the current circumstances, a possible import ban on Dutch products would, in essence, be a political pressure tool with which to punish a Member State?

What steps will the Commission take to protect Dutch exporters from the negative consequences of a possible ban on their products? The Commission is aware of media reports that Russia was considering banning some Dutch products, such as tulips and dairy products. However, no information has so far been received from the Russian or the Dutch authorities. Like with all the other Russian trade restrictive measures, should Russia take any measures against the products in question, the Commission will first raise the issue bilaterally with Russia.

If no solution can be found, a further in-depth analysis will be conducted of any such measure and the Commission will not hesitate to raise the matter in the World Trade Organisation. Just four years later President Nasheed was removed from office by his Vice-President, Mohammed Waheed Hassan, in what has been widely described and accepted as a coup.

Mohammed Nasheed of the Maldivian Democratic Party was a clear winner, with The main opposition candidate and brother of former President Maumoon Gayoom , Abdullah Yameen, came second with This process was derailed, however, by accusations from Gasim Ibrahim that there were voting irregularities, claims which the Supreme Court agreed to investigate.

Betrifft: Weitergabe niedriger Strompreise an Privatkunden. Dies ist u. Having passed on the fall in prices on the stock exchange to industrial customers only for three years, at the beginning of the autumn Austrian energy companies finally — after a great deal of pressure from the regulatory authority — marginally reduced the tariffs for private customers, too. On account of the fact that suppliers have also been refusing to disclose their calculations for the last two years, E-Control can only estimate the profit margins.

Where has it been possible for most progress be made through the liberalisation of the electricity market? Increases in the final energy bill paid by many households notwithstanding the decrease in wholesale prices in the past years have been observed in a number of Member States. These are among others due to the fact that the household bill consists of more than just its energy component traded on the wholesale market and kept in check by the competition in the market. Transmission and distribution networks charges make up a substantial part of the total bill, as do taxes and levies, which are all determined at Member States level.

A new loan agreement to plug the fiscal gap will only provide a temporary solution, for one or two years. The debt is unlikely to decline and become sustainable by solely as a result of national efforts to make cutbacks. It is unrealistic to expect that the country will be able to return to the markets after in order to meet its debt refinancing requirements plus any emergency requirements on reasonable terms.

The figures for this debt do not add up. In view of the above, will the Commission say:. What is its response to the report by the State Budget Office, which basically concludes that the policy being applied is not addressing the fiscal problems and considers that the public debt will not become sustainable by through national efforts alone? The objective of the structural reforms which are being implemented under the programme is precisely to create the basis for sustainable growth and employment creation in Greece.

The country is set to receive substantial funding from European structural and investment funds in the upcoming programming period which, if adequately invested, will strongly contribute to a prosperous future for Greece. The allocations of the Structural and Investment funds for Greece for the period should be focused on few investment priorities in order to maximise their impact for smart and sustainable growth and jobs.

Some preconditions are set to ensure such effective and efficient implementation of these resources. Active involvement of all relevant stakeholders in designing the growth policy for the country is one of these preconditions. It was set up with the aim of making good use of the agricultural stocks that existed at the time. As these are expected to run out and, as a result of successive reforms of the common agricultural policy, there is a great deal of uncertainty surrounding intervention stocks for to , the food distribution programme will be cut at the end of The Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived will replace it and will improve the food distribution programme.

What food distribution programme resources were taken up in , , and by each of the Member States? How many citizens benefitted from the food distribution programme in each of the Member States in each of those years? Was particular attention paid to Member States experiencing the worst of the financial crisis such as Greece, Portugal and Spain?

What were the main reasons why certain Member States had difficulty taking up all the available resources, despite the increase in poverty and the needs of the citizens in numerous EU Member States? The allocation of the available resources between the beneficiary Member States is based upon objective criteria, i. Therefore, Member States experiencing the worst of the economic crisis receive higher shares from the available resources, in proportion to the deterioration compared to the other beneficiary Member States.

It also happened that the distribution capacities of local charitable organisations were overestimated by the beneficiary Member States and, during the implementation of the national programme, the unexpectedly scarce capacities prevented them to use all allocated resources. The Commission established its priorities for action regarding transport and aid for the trans-European transport networks TEN-T , and in particular the priority projects in terms of European interest.

What is the state play with regard to the planning, implementation and financial compliance of each and every one of the high-speed rail major projects that were submitted by Spain and whose inclusion in the Community support framework was agreed by the European Union?

Which of these are blatantly at risk of failing to meet the deadlines agreed in European regulations? Can the Commission advise me as to the present situation regarding the greenhouse gas emission value of tar sands in relation to the Fuel Quality Directive? The British Arab Federation is running a campaign to bring an end to female genital mutilation FGM in the UK and will be hosting a conference in my constituency.

As the Honourable Member has suggested, Member States face the challenge of combating female genital mutilation FGM , an unacceptable violation of fundamental rights which affects thousands of women and girls living in Europe. Fighting all forms of violence against women, including harmful practices such as FGM, has long been a priority of the European Commission, as illustrated in the action plan implementing the Stockholm Programme, the Women's Charter and the strategy for Equality between Women and Men The Commission has implemented a series of activities focusing on FGM over the last year.

The results of a public consultation launched the same day have contributed to the Commission's policy development on FGM. Through the Progress programme, the Commission is also supporting Member States' information and communication activities aimed at ending violence against women including FGM. Under the Daphne programme, the Commission is funding projects led by grass-roots organisations addressing FGM and other harmful practices.

In light of its answer to the abovementioned question, could the Commission provide an update as to what, if any, recent action it has taken to ensure that the national authorities in Cyprus investigate any potential misleading practices by banks, developers or agents operating on the island? In its letter of formal notice, the Commission raises different concerns related to the application of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive and the Unfair Contract Terms Directive.

Oggetto: Lo Jugendamt tedesco e la Beistandschaft. L'affermazione pone in luce un inammissibile paradosso. Potrebbe chiarire definitivamente la Commissione se, a suo avviso, la competenza delle istituzioni comunitarie nelle menzionate materie davvero non sussista, soprattutto in presenza di violazione di diritti fondamentali riconosciuti invece negli altri Paesi dell'Unione? La Commissione desidera inoltre precisare che il regolamento CE n. Il regolamento CE n. We would therefore like to make it clear that the article of law concerning Beistandschaft provisions stipulates that such a provision shall be issued only at the request of the parent who is with the child whether in the absence of, in accordance with or in contravention of a custody ruling on German territory and without any kind of consultation with the other parent from whom, not infrequently, the child has been abducted and, in addition, provides that the provision shall be immediately enforceable.

We therefore ask for the Commission to confirm that Beistandschaft provisions may be characterised as unilateral decisions. It is also important to inform the Honourable Members that as a general rule, a public body of a Member State, which under its national law has the right to act in place of an individual to whom maintenance is owed or to seek reimbursement of benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance, may claim enforcement in another Member State, without prior exequatur, of a court decision given against a debtor on the application of the public body or of a court decision given between a creditor and a debtor to the extent of the benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance.

Potrebbe indicare specificamente in cosa consistono le informazioni di cui dispone la Commissione? Si tratta di informazioni provenienti esclusivamente dalla Germania, Paese del quale si contestano i provvedimenti?

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Could it state exactly what the information available to the Commission consists of? Is this information solely from Germany, the country whose provisions are being challenged? How can this role be reconciled with the prohibition on those who are not legal experts exercising the role of legal adviser, and particularly when they are employees of the Jugendamt?

In this regard, the Commission takes this opportunity to specify that the tasks of the German Youth Welfare Office Jugendamt as legal adviser Beistand of a child in maintenance matters are to be understood within the meaning of the German national law i. In addition, the Commission would like to emphasise that in the area of child maintenance, its main objective is to promote the swift recovery of child maintenance in cross-border cases within the European Union.

However, it remains the responsibility of Member States to develop specific schemes so as to provide children in need with financial or legal assistance in maintenance matters. That internal organisation remains a matter of national law. In particular, the right of a public body to act in place of an individual to whom maintenance is owed or to seek reimbursement of benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance is governed by the law to which the body is subject.

Finally, for the sake of completeness, the Commission would signal that, according to the information available, German law provides that in case of disputes relating to maintenance matters, the maintenance issue is to be determined by a court and not by the Jugendamt. Privatizacijski boni ostajajo obveznost Republike Albanije. Evropska komisija tesno spremlja gospodarski razvoj v Albaniji. Pomembno je, da vlada izpolnjuje svoje obveznosti in obvladuje dolgove. To je jasno opredeljeno v programu nove albanske vlade, ki je nastopila mandat septembra Under its law on the privatisation of state-owned property, the Albanian government distributed privatisation vouchers to its citizens according to an agreed formula.

Some In the law Albania set out a three-phase implementation method, which unfortunately it has never fully carried out, as so far only two phases have been implemented. However, it has found neither the genuine will nor the motivation actually to carry out what it promised and what is stipulated in the law. Many EU citizens, wanting to take part in the privatisation of Albanian assets, subsequently bought privatisation vouchers, encouraged by the positive legislation and the fact that the liabilities stemming from the issue of the vouchers were guaranteed by the Albanian state.

They were seen as an attractive investment opportunity. However, many investors suffered huge losses. The privatisation vouchers remain a liability of the Republic of Albania. The government should immediately set about making it possible to actually use them, either for shares in successful state-owned companies or for other assets at the values pertaining at the time of issue.

Has the Commission been informed of this matter? Is the Commission working together with the Albanian government to resolve the privatisation issues, given that Albania is in the process of obtaining EU candidate country status? What measures has the Commission adopted in this respect? The European Commission follows closely the economic developments in Albania. Issues of government's debts and privatisation were included. It is important that the government is meeting its own obligations and debts.

Regarding the issue of the use of privatisation vouchers for the privatisation of state owned assets, the Commission is not aware of any relevant government instrument or plan at this stage. In the context of its increased focus on economic governance and its dialogue with the Albanian authorities, the European Commission intends to further monitor this issue.

An effective and transparent policy on privatisation and addressing government's debts is essential to sustain investors' confidence and to consolidate Albanian economy. Energy poverty means people being unable to afford the bare minimum to cover their basic energy needs.

In any event, this directive requires Member States to ensure the necessary energy supply and adequate safeguards to protect vulnerable customers. What does the Commission think about the rise in energy poverty in Spain and the eradication of this serious problem? Where the Commission identifies non-conformity of the Member States' legislation with EU acquis , infringement proceedings are launched when justified. The Commission has analysed, in cooperation with stakeholders, the practical possibility and opportunity for a common definition of energy poverty.

Yes, the Commission is considering this proposal and its potential budgetary effects. Las PCD no constituyen un problema de competencia si no perjudican a los consumidores. Las organizaciones empresariales han aprobado recientemente una iniciativa voluntaria contra las PCD. For several months, Spanish poultrymeat producers have been complaining about the unsustainable situation they are in as a result of alleged unfair practices by supermarkets, which may be agreeing to reduce prices so this meat remains a loss-leader product.

Many producers can barely cover their production costs because prices have collapsed, making it very hard to stay in business. However, it is important to distinguish between UTPs and practices breaching competition law. An agreement between supermarkets to fix prices would raise a competition concern and would have to be investigated by the relevant Competition Authorities. UTPs are behaviours that deviate from good commercial conduct, are contrary to good faith and fair dealing and are unilaterally imposed by trading partners on others.

UTPs are not a competition issue unless they harm consumers. This said, a report from the Spanish NCA alerted against the risks of certain commercial practices that in the short term may not suppose a competition concern but which may however in the long term entail negative effects on consumer welfare by decreasing investment and innovation or reducing consumer choice.

UTPs have also been the focus of action at EU level. Business organisations have just adopted a voluntary initiative against UTPs. Oggetto: Prospezioni petrolifere off-shore nel Mar Jonio. Non ritiene che l'art. Spetta agli Stati membri decidere se sfruttare o meno le risorse naturali di cui dispongono, ma garantendo il rispetto delle pertinenti normative UE in materia di ambiente e sicurezza. The abovementioned applications were submitted by numerous oil companies without the relevant public being informed, thus hindering public participation in the pre-feasibility study. Because of the particular topography of the Ionian Sea, which makes this area of water a semi-closed sea, an accident similar to that in the Gulf of Mexico in could have serious cross-border environmental consequences for the fragile marine and coastal ecosystems in the Mediterranean.

In addition, oil exploration activities and possible hydrocarbon extraction could change the Gulf of Taranto from a tourist oasis rich in sites of environmental interest, such as the marine protected area of Porto Cesareo and the sandbank of Amendolara, into a marine dumping ground. In addition, there are risks of discharge, not only during extraction activities but also during exploration activities, as seen during the exploration stage of the Ombrina Mare project in Abruzzo. In view of all the above, does the Commission not believe that hydrocarbon exploration and extraction activities in the Mediterranean Sea and the resulting environmental risks in a semi-closed sea such as the Mediterranean appear to be in conflict with the provisions listed?

While it is within the competence of the Member State to decide or not to exploit their natural resources, these activities shall comply with all relevant EU safety and environmental legislation. In particular, the Offshore safety directive sets clear rules for effective prevention and response of a major accident, while also improving and clarifying existing EU liability provisions. The approach followed by the Offshore safety directive is based on the precautionary principle, and on the principles that preventive action needs to be taken, that environmental damage needs as a matter of priority to be rectified at source and that the polluter must pay.

Moreover, the Offshore safety directive provides that early and effective public participation relating to the effects of planned offshore oil and gas exploration operations on the environment shall be ensured. Si prevede anche una revoca del divieto di indossare il velo islamico per le dipendenti pubbliche. Tali soggetti hanno infatti un loro specifico codice per l'abbigliamento. Nella relazione si specificava che le misure previste avrebbero affrontato importanti preoccupazioni e che era fondamentale che venissero attuate in collaborazione con le parti in causa e in linea con gli standard europei.

Per quanto riguarda la questione del velo, la Commissione ha sottolineato in varie occasioni che esistono norme e pratiche diverse in Europa e che non esistono standard unici in questo senso. La Commissione accoglie con favore il crescente consenso sulla questione in Turchia. Teaching of Kurdish will be introduced in private schools, but not in state schools. Also planned is a repeal of the prohibition on wearing the Islamic veil for public employees.

The ban on the veil in public institutions will be removed, with the exception of certain professions: judges, prosecutors, police officers and members of the army. These individuals have their own specific dress codes. The penalties for hate crimes will increase from one to three years, with the aim of combating discrimination, and the rules on hate crimes committed on religious, national or ethnic grounds will be amended. There will also be penalties for anyone seeking to prevent religious groups from practising their faith.

New rules have also been added to the reform package to allow greater freedom of assembly, extending the right to demonstrate until midnight, where previously demonstrations were only permitted before dusk. The package also contains measures in favour of religious minorities, including Roma, Christians, and the Shia Muslim community of Alevis.

The Commission outlined the content of the package in the Turkey Progress Report. Regarding the question of headscarves, the Commission has pointed out, on several occasions, that there are different rules and practices across Europe and that there is no unified standard on the issue. The European Court of Human Rights has in the past ruled that the issue of headscarves is one for each Member State of the Council of Europe to decide for itself. It is for this reason that the Commission does not comment on this issue in relation to compliance with the political criteria.

It is up to Turkish society to find its own compromise on this subject. The Commission welcomes the growing consensus on this issue in Turkey. It is important that this consensus continues to ensure the free choice of Turkish women, whatever their beliefs and opinions, free from pressures of any kind, including peer pressure. Comme le constatait le CESE dans son avis du A high growth rate and cheap labour market, coupled with a shortage of domestic timber resources, has meant that China has become an increasingly important player in the global timber trade.

It has become the largest importer of industrial wood and forest products and a major exporter of processed timber products, and is extremely competitive in terms of price and quality, primarily in the furniture sector, but also in the plywood industry. The logs exported to China return to Europe as finished or semi-finished products. For many years, China has been the largest foreign supplier of furniture to the European Union. European furniture imports from China are currently European sawyers lament the fact that European wood as a raw material has been harnessed to such an extent by China to the detriment of its exploitation in Europe, with the European furniture industry unable to compete with the low costs in terms of production, regulation, transport and access to markets of the products processed by the Chinese.

The European furniture industry is also facing structural problems such as an ageing workforce, and was severely affected by the recent crises, which have led to a significant decrease in turnover and the number of businesses and jobs. How does the Commission specifically intend to guarantee fair competition for European producers in the face of their Chinese competitors and strengthen their competitiveness on international markets?

How will it support the process of innovation in the European furniture industry in terms of technology, functionality and aesthetics so that it can differentiate itself from its Chinese competitors? What financial instruments will it make available to SMEs in the sector?

How will it encourage the exploitation of timber resources in Europe? The EU supports open and fair trade between domestic and foreign producers. In addition, the action plan on Design-Driven Innovation SWD includes measures to promote design-driven innovation in industries to strengthen Europe's competitiveness. In response to the challenge of sustainable access to wood and other raw materials, the Commission has launched the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials.

The new EU Forest Strategy COM also recognises a need to assess potential wood supply and facilitating increased sustainable wood mobilisation. What steps is the EEAS taking to encourage the Burmese Government to address human rights violations and the displacement of ethnic Karen refugees? In the eastern border areas, including Karen state, support is provided for shelter and livelihoods, human rights, demining and strengthening civil society. It not only supports the Myanmar Peace Centre, which has played an important role in the ethnic peace process, but also non-state actors and initiatives which include ceasefire monitoring.

According to a recent gender inequality report published by the World Bank, women in 15 countries still face gender inequalities in the world of business and law, as their husbands can legally prevent them from working. Since the s, over two dozen economies in various countries, including Indonesia and Morocco, have made progress by curtailing the legal rights of men to place restrictions on their wives working. Such restrictions exist in Eastern Europe and in Central Asia and have a negative impact on businesses, the competitiveness of the overall economy and on the female labour force participation rate.

The report also highlights persisting wage gaps to the detriment of women in the labour market and the under-representation of women in constitutional courts or court-like bodies in 19 countries. What action does the Commission intend to take, in both EU and non-EU countries, to ensure the equal treatment of women in the labour force, and to stop further hindrance by their husbands, in view of these findings in the World Bank report? Women's empowerment involves lengthy societal and cultural change in many areas. To be efficient and sustainable, it must be the result of civil society engagement and activism, rather than being imposed by external partners.

The Commission is constantly monitoring the application and enforcement of this directive and assisting MS and other stakeholders in properly enforcing and applying the existing rules. Collaboration with the UN on gender equality is very well developed. A successful project with Unicef focused on fighting harmful social norms, notably female genital mutilation and early marriage in five countries. Could the Commission inform me when this provider will become operational?

When will British citizens be able to access funding through the Progress Microfinance Facility? The agreement under the guarantee window of Progress Microfinance is fully financed by the European Union. The provider is already operational. Possibilities also exist to support microfinance development through Operational Programmes co-financed by the European Social Fund or the European Regional Development Fund, including by way of loan, equity or guarantee instruments.

Has the Commission done anything to identify those Member States that are routinely flouting the law? What steps has the Commission taken, or what steps does it envisage taking, to address this cruel and unnecessary practice? The Commission takes the implementation of animal welfare rules seriously. The Commission began to develop guidelines on the provision of manipulable material and avoidance of tail biting in and has already convened two meetings with the Member States and stakeholders.

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Zijn overtreding? Het per ongeluk overboord glijden van een zevental scharretjes die bij het uitzetten van de netten weggleden. De discardban wordt door de Noren kennelijk gebruikt om vissers uit EU lidstaten te weren. In dat kader de volgende vragen:. Vindt de Commissie met de PVV dat dit optreden van het land Noorwegen jegens een visser uit een EU lidstaat volstrekt onacceptabel gedrag is? Kan een visser uit een EU lidstaat meer van dit soort idiote boetes verwachten bij het per ongeluk overboord glijden van zeven scharretjes? Wat gaat uw Commissie doen om dat te voorkomen?

Wat gaat de Commissie doen om het land Noorwegen op het matje te roepen en ervoor te zorgen dat deze boete jegens PW per direct ongedaan wordt gemaakt? Noorwegen houdt intensief toezicht op de visserijactiviteiten in de wateren die onder zijn jurisdictie vallen en geeft systematisch zware boetes voor overtredingen van de visserijregelgeving.

EU-vissers die regelmatig in de Noorse wateren vissen, zijn hier meestal goed van op de hoogte. Met de hervorming van het gemeenschappelijk visserijbeleid wordt een verplichting ingevoerd om ook in EU-wateren alle vangsten aan land te brengen. De Commissie is van mening dat de invoering van de aanlandingsverplichting een belangrijke stap is voor de bescherming van de visserijbronnen. The direct link between asbestos-related illness and the use of this mineral was only discovered rather recently, considering that it was used in ancient Rome and Greece because of its regional abundance and its properties.

In fact, asbestos is strongly resistant to corrosion, tensile stress, and wear; it is chemically and physically stable, provides sound insulation and particularly thermal insulation, and is heat-resistant. These qualities led to the widespread use of asbestos in construction, especially during the post-World War II economic boom, for example in gyms, schools, piping, heating and air conditioning systems, fire retardant clothing, buses, trains and brake systems.

Given the widespread use of asbestos in many different manufacturing activities over the past decades, the populations of all countries can be considered to have been potentially exposed and consequently susceptible to contracting asbestos-related diseases, including malignant mesothelioma, which is characterised by a long latency period and a very high mortality rate.

Does the Commission consider it appropriate to prepare an action plan coordinated at EU level to effectively deal with problems arising from the long-term use of asbestos? Only few attempts have been made to quantify the global incidence of mesothelioma caused by asbestos , mainly on the grounds that it is a comparatively rare cancer and is not reported in many countries worldwide.

Consequently, mesothelioma is not included in the cancer incidence and mortality worldwide database published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC. The aim is to support the creation of an information network focusing on best practices for treatment of lung mesothelioma.

Medical research conducted in this area has highlighted that high, long-term consumption of salt increases the risk of heart attacks or other heart disorders, as well as of strokes and stomach cancer, and can cause chronic kidney disorders. In view of the above, can the Commission tell us what actions it has taken in this area in recent months and what measures it intends to take in the near future? The work will also address the reduction of other selected nutrients, with a special focus on saturated fat.

Future work will include a study carried out by the Joint Research Centre that will look into school meal standards in Member States, including standards in relation to salt levels. It is planned to discuss the findings in the HLG. However, it would be premature to predict any actions that may follow in the future at this point in time. Aihe: Latvian juutalaisten omaisuuden takaisinlunastus. Komissio voi toimia vain, jos asia liittyy Euroopan unionin oikeuteen. The European Union regards human rights as universal and indivisible.

It promotes and supports human rights actively both within its own borders and in its relations with third countries. No one may be deprived of his or her possessions, except in the public interest and in the cases and under the conditions provided for by law, subject to fair compensation being paid in good time for their loss. The Soviet Union occupied Latvia in June When Latvia regained its independence in individuals, including Jews, had the right to redeem property which had been taken from them by the Soviet Union.

At that time the property rights of some of the Jewish community were excluded from this relinquishment process, and these rights have still not been restored or any compensation paid. According to the calculations of the Council of the Jewish Communities of Latvia, the community had held ownership rights in some properties before the Soviet occupation of Latvia in The return of, or compensation for, ownership rights has not been settled by the Latvian state and no law has been enacted in Latvia concerning the restitution of seized property in situations where the owner is unknown.

What measures does the Commission propose to take to ensure that, in compliance with the right to property under the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and with the European Convention on Human Rights, the ownership rights of the Latvian Jewish community are restored or compensated for in respect of properties to which it lost ownership rights following the Soviet invasion in ? Under the Treaties on which the European Union is based, the Commission has no general powers to intervene. It can do so only if an issue of European Union law is involved. The Charter of Fundamental Rights does not apply to every situation of an alleged violation of fundamental rights.

On the basis of the information provided by the Honourable Member, it does not appear that the Member State concerned did act in the course of implementation of Union law. Furthermore, restitution of properties expropriated prior to the accession to the European Union is a matter which falls in principle under national competence. In the matter referred to by the Honourable Member, it is therefore for the Member State concerned to determine the scope of property restitution and the choice of the conditions to restore the property rights of former owners, in conformity with relevant national and international law, including the European Convention on Human Rights.

The speculative resale of tickets for sporting or cultural events has taken off in recent years with the appearance of numerous illegal resale platforms on the Internet. These platforms offer counterfeit or non-existent tickets and sell them at a significantly marked-up price or in a category that does not match that which was ordered. These Internet resale sites empty the ticket offices as soon as the event tickets are placed on sale and do a roaring trade out of it, thus harming audiences and spectators as well as the performers and producers of the shows.

In addition to this, there is ticket touting outside concert venues. Has the Commission put a figure on the value of this market for the entire European Union? France was the first country in the European Union to adopt such legislation. Is the Commission intending to propose legislation at EU level to combat the black market in event tickets? The Commission is aware of the issue raised by the Honourable Member.

However, at this stage the Commission has no information as to the possible value of the secondary market in ticket resale for the whole EU. The main issues identified were unfair contract terms and conditions, missing or misleading price information and trader details. The Commission does not intend to propose EU legislation specifically dealing with ticket resale.

El estado de bienestar social es un derecho que debe de garantizarse sobre todo en aquellos sectores de la sociedad que corren el riesgo de verse gravemente vulnerados. Por consiguiente, es importante hacer el mejor uso posible de los Fondos Estructurales. One of the consequences of this measure, however, is the freezing of or delay in payments from the Government to bodies or institutions that provide basic services in our society, such as the third social sector.

The social welfare state is a right that must be guaranteed above all others in those sectors of society that are at risk of serious harm. In the case of Catalonia, the budget cuts resulting from the crisis particularly affect senior citizens residing in care homes, in terms of the third social sector. What action is the Commission thinking of taking to safeguard the social welfare state when, on the other hand, it is being required to adopt policies to reduce public spending? It advocates for integrated packages of benefits and services that can help people to participate in society and the labour market, stressing prevention rather than cure, and thus reducing the need for benefits.

It also invites to use both national and EU funding to support access to high quality health, education and housing services amongst others, bringing potential for new job opportunities in those sectors including elderly care. To this respect, the ESF can be a useful source of financing to build the bridge between the urge for fiscal consolidation and the need to unblock growth, create jobs and mitigate the social impact of the crisis.

It is therefore important to make the best possible use of Structural Funds. Promoting social inclusion and tackling poverty is a priority in the recently adopted Annual Growth Survey. What sparked this manhunt was the disappearance of an eight-year-old boy, found dead the following day, missing his tongue and genitals. The two Europeans suspected of being responsible for this crime were subsequently tortured, beaten and then burnt by the rioters. Following the incident, the French consulate in Madagascar strongly advised its nationals not to travel to the island.

It appears that public lynchings are not uncommon in Madagascar, where suspected thieves or drivers involved in fatal accidents have recently been burnt alive. Consequently, will the High Representative condemn these barbaric acts perpetrated against European nationals in Madagascar? Furthermore, does she intend to take steps to establish preventative measures in order to ensure the safety of European expatriates in view of the likely instability in the country in the run up to the presidential and legislative elections?

The EU's Head of Delegation in Madagascar has expressed regret for the loss of life and high concern about such violence and the issue was discussed at length during a meeting that was held with the Prime Minister. The Malagasy authorities have reacted promptly and have deployed additional security forces to re-establish law and order, to investigate the circumstances and to arrest the perpetrators.

It appears to be an eruption of extreme violence where local population has taken law into its own hands. The EU has no responsibility in adopting preventive measures to ensure the safety of European expatriates. It is up to each Member State to recommend and adopt, if necessary, specific measures for their nationals living or visiting Madagascar. In practical terms, such a measure would establish an autonomous euro area budget for policies of a social nature for example, in the area of unemployment insurance.

Does the Commission agree that such a measure would essentially endorse the creation of a two-speed Europe, leaving, in practice, Member States which have not yet adopted the euro without this safety net? Does the Commission not think that it would be extremely difficult to implement such a measure, not only due to the varied economic conditions in Member States, but also to the fact that the social insurance systems operating in the euro area countries are particularly diverse, given that they are based on different principles? This includes a consideration of the longer-term possibility of an autonomous euro area budget providing the euro area with a fiscal capacity to support Member States to absorb shocks.

One possible stabilisation tool identified in such a context has been an EMU-level unemployment insurance scheme. The Commission does not consider that an EMU-wide automatic stabiliser like a euro area unemployment insurance scheme would necessarily create a two-speed Europe, if only because it could be designed to be open to future euro area countries.

Preliminary technical analysis of Commission services has shown that implementation of an EMU unemployment compensation scheme would be challenging but that there could be solutions — building also on lessons from other federal systems — to make a supranational system compatible with the national ones. Further analysis in this respect is certainly required. Over the past few years, the Turkish customs authority has been stopping Bulgarian lorries at border crossing points with increasing frequency, thus restricting their access to the Turkish road haulage market.

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The actual times required for the journeys are shorter than the periods stipulated, and the hauliers are thus forced to wait at the border crossings into Turkey until the times arbitrarily set by the Turkish authorities have expired. The customs officers refuse to accept bilateral permits for carriage between loading and unloading points in Turkey and Bulgaria respectively, and ask for third-country or transit permits. The correct application of the provisions of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport and the International transport Forum ITF arrangements is the responsibility of the signatories Member States and third countries.

Pending the possible future conclusion of EU agreements covering the area of road transport, the current international road transport relations between Member States and third countries are governed by bilateral or multilateral agreements between the Member States and the third countries concerned. Den USA geht das Geld aus.

Am Und diese Pleite hatte immense weltweite Auswirkungen. Wichtige Entscheidungen zu beiden Themen sind nicht ergangen, sondern wurden nur vertagt: Die Schuldengrenze wurde bis zum 7. Die Kommission kommentiert keine individuellen Bewertungen durch Rating-Agenturen. The USA is running out of money. If the Democrats and Republicans do not come to an agreement about raising the debt ceiling, the government will no longer be able to fulfil all its obligations — and will be at least partially insolvent.

This could in turn lead to economic difficulties worldwide. And this collapse had enormous repercussions worldwide. Around half of US debt is owned by foreign governments and central banks, US bonds being considered to be one of the safest investments in the world today.

A default would cast serious doubt on these stocks and the dollar as a global currency. Experts say that the USA would plunge into a deep recession — and, as the largest consumer, would bring down many other countries' economies. During the euro crisis, credit ratings agencies often downgraded countries for far slighter reasons. As a result, it is in a better position to withstand external economic and financial shocks.

Betreft: Mogelijk Russisch importverbod op Nederlandse tulpen en zuivelproducten. Welke maatregelen zal de Commissie nemen om Nederlandse exporteurs te beschermen tegen de nadelige gevolgen van een mogelijk verbod op hun producten? De Commissie is op de hoogte van berichten in de media dat Rusland een invoerverbod op sommige Nederlandse producten zoals tulpen en zuivelproducten overweegt. Tot dusverre is echter geen informatie van de zijde van de Russische of de Nederlandse autoriteiten ontvangen.

Net als voor alle andere Russische handelsbeperkingen geldt ook hier dat, mocht Rusland maatregelen ten aanzien van de betrokken producten nemen, de Commissie de kwestie eerst bilateraal met Rusland zal opnemen. Als er geen oplossing wordt gevonden, zullen die maatregelen aan een verder grondig onderzoek worden onderworpen en zal de Commissie niet aarzelen de kwestie aan te kaarten bij de Wereldhandelsorganisatie. Is the Commission aware of Russian announcements about a possible import ban on Dutch products?

How would the Commission assess the claim that, in the current circumstances, a possible import ban on Dutch products would, in essence, be a political pressure tool with which to punish a Member State? What steps will the Commission take to protect Dutch exporters from the negative consequences of a possible ban on their products? The Commission is aware of media reports that Russia was considering banning some Dutch products, such as tulips and dairy products. However, no information has so far been received from the Russian or the Dutch authorities.

Like with all the other Russian trade restrictive measures, should Russia take any measures against the products in question, the Commission will first raise the issue bilaterally with Russia. If no solution can be found, a further in-depth analysis will be conducted of any such measure and the Commission will not hesitate to raise the matter in the World Trade Organisation. Just four years later President Nasheed was removed from office by his Vice-President, Mohammed Waheed Hassan, in what has been widely described and accepted as a coup.

Mohammed Nasheed of the Maldivian Democratic Party was a clear winner, with The main opposition candidate and brother of former President Maumoon Gayoom , Abdullah Yameen, came second with This process was derailed, however, by accusations from Gasim Ibrahim that there were voting irregularities, claims which the Supreme Court agreed to investigate. Betrifft: Weitergabe niedriger Strompreise an Privatkunden. Dies ist u. Having passed on the fall in prices on the stock exchange to industrial customers only for three years, at the beginning of the autumn Austrian energy companies finally — after a great deal of pressure from the regulatory authority — marginally reduced the tariffs for private customers, too.

On account of the fact that suppliers have also been refusing to disclose their calculations for the last two years, E-Control can only estimate the profit margins. Where has it been possible for most progress be made through the liberalisation of the electricity market? Increases in the final energy bill paid by many households notwithstanding the decrease in wholesale prices in the past years have been observed in a number of Member States.

These are among others due to the fact that the household bill consists of more than just its energy component traded on the wholesale market and kept in check by the competition in the market. Transmission and distribution networks charges make up a substantial part of the total bill, as do taxes and levies, which are all determined at Member States level. A new loan agreement to plug the fiscal gap will only provide a temporary solution, for one or two years. The debt is unlikely to decline and become sustainable by solely as a result of national efforts to make cutbacks.

It is unrealistic to expect that the country will be able to return to the markets after in order to meet its debt refinancing requirements plus any emergency requirements on reasonable terms. The figures for this debt do not add up. In view of the above, will the Commission say:. What is its response to the report by the State Budget Office, which basically concludes that the policy being applied is not addressing the fiscal problems and considers that the public debt will not become sustainable by through national efforts alone?

The objective of the structural reforms which are being implemented under the programme is precisely to create the basis for sustainable growth and employment creation in Greece. The country is set to receive substantial funding from European structural and investment funds in the upcoming programming period which, if adequately invested, will strongly contribute to a prosperous future for Greece. The allocations of the Structural and Investment funds for Greece for the period should be focused on few investment priorities in order to maximise their impact for smart and sustainable growth and jobs.

Some preconditions are set to ensure such effective and efficient implementation of these resources. Active involvement of all relevant stakeholders in designing the growth policy for the country is one of these preconditions. It was set up with the aim of making good use of the agricultural stocks that existed at the time. As these are expected to run out and, as a result of successive reforms of the common agricultural policy, there is a great deal of uncertainty surrounding intervention stocks for to , the food distribution programme will be cut at the end of The Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived will replace it and will improve the food distribution programme.

What food distribution programme resources were taken up in , , and by each of the Member States? How many citizens benefitted from the food distribution programme in each of the Member States in each of those years? Was particular attention paid to Member States experiencing the worst of the financial crisis such as Greece, Portugal and Spain?

What were the main reasons why certain Member States had difficulty taking up all the available resources, despite the increase in poverty and the needs of the citizens in numerous EU Member States? The allocation of the available resources between the beneficiary Member States is based upon objective criteria, i. Therefore, Member States experiencing the worst of the economic crisis receive higher shares from the available resources, in proportion to the deterioration compared to the other beneficiary Member States.

It also happened that the distribution capacities of local charitable organisations were overestimated by the beneficiary Member States and, during the implementation of the national programme, the unexpectedly scarce capacities prevented them to use all allocated resources. The Commission established its priorities for action regarding transport and aid for the trans-European transport networks TEN-T , and in particular the priority projects in terms of European interest.

What is the state play with regard to the planning, implementation and financial compliance of each and every one of the high-speed rail major projects that were submitted by Spain and whose inclusion in the Community support framework was agreed by the European Union? Which of these are blatantly at risk of failing to meet the deadlines agreed in European regulations? Can the Commission advise me as to the present situation regarding the greenhouse gas emission value of tar sands in relation to the Fuel Quality Directive? The British Arab Federation is running a campaign to bring an end to female genital mutilation FGM in the UK and will be hosting a conference in my constituency.

As the Honourable Member has suggested, Member States face the challenge of combating female genital mutilation FGM , an unacceptable violation of fundamental rights which affects thousands of women and girls living in Europe. Fighting all forms of violence against women, including harmful practices such as FGM, has long been a priority of the European Commission, as illustrated in the action plan implementing the Stockholm Programme, the Women's Charter and the strategy for Equality between Women and Men The Commission has implemented a series of activities focusing on FGM over the last year.

The results of a public consultation launched the same day have contributed to the Commission's policy development on FGM. Through the Progress programme, the Commission is also supporting Member States' information and communication activities aimed at ending violence against women including FGM. Under the Daphne programme, the Commission is funding projects led by grass-roots organisations addressing FGM and other harmful practices. In light of its answer to the abovementioned question, could the Commission provide an update as to what, if any, recent action it has taken to ensure that the national authorities in Cyprus investigate any potential misleading practices by banks, developers or agents operating on the island?

In its letter of formal notice, the Commission raises different concerns related to the application of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive and the Unfair Contract Terms Directive. Oggetto: Lo Jugendamt tedesco e la Beistandschaft. L'affermazione pone in luce un inammissibile paradosso. Potrebbe chiarire definitivamente la Commissione se, a suo avviso, la competenza delle istituzioni comunitarie nelle menzionate materie davvero non sussista, soprattutto in presenza di violazione di diritti fondamentali riconosciuti invece negli altri Paesi dell'Unione?

La Commissione desidera inoltre precisare che il regolamento CE n. Il regolamento CE n. We would therefore like to make it clear that the article of law concerning Beistandschaft provisions stipulates that such a provision shall be issued only at the request of the parent who is with the child whether in the absence of, in accordance with or in contravention of a custody ruling on German territory and without any kind of consultation with the other parent from whom, not infrequently, the child has been abducted and, in addition, provides that the provision shall be immediately enforceable.

We therefore ask for the Commission to confirm that Beistandschaft provisions may be characterised as unilateral decisions. It is also important to inform the Honourable Members that as a general rule, a public body of a Member State, which under its national law has the right to act in place of an individual to whom maintenance is owed or to seek reimbursement of benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance, may claim enforcement in another Member State, without prior exequatur, of a court decision given against a debtor on the application of the public body or of a court decision given between a creditor and a debtor to the extent of the benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance.

Potrebbe indicare specificamente in cosa consistono le informazioni di cui dispone la Commissione? Si tratta di informazioni provenienti esclusivamente dalla Germania, Paese del quale si contestano i provvedimenti? Could it state exactly what the information available to the Commission consists of? Is this information solely from Germany, the country whose provisions are being challenged?

How can this role be reconciled with the prohibition on those who are not legal experts exercising the role of legal adviser, and particularly when they are employees of the Jugendamt? In this regard, the Commission takes this opportunity to specify that the tasks of the German Youth Welfare Office Jugendamt as legal adviser Beistand of a child in maintenance matters are to be understood within the meaning of the German national law i.

In addition, the Commission would like to emphasise that in the area of child maintenance, its main objective is to promote the swift recovery of child maintenance in cross-border cases within the European Union. However, it remains the responsibility of Member States to develop specific schemes so as to provide children in need with financial or legal assistance in maintenance matters.

That internal organisation remains a matter of national law. In particular, the right of a public body to act in place of an individual to whom maintenance is owed or to seek reimbursement of benefits provided to the creditor in place of maintenance is governed by the law to which the body is subject. Finally, for the sake of completeness, the Commission would signal that, according to the information available, German law provides that in case of disputes relating to maintenance matters, the maintenance issue is to be determined by a court and not by the Jugendamt.

Privatizacijski boni ostajajo obveznost Republike Albanije. Evropska komisija tesno spremlja gospodarski razvoj v Albaniji. Pomembno je, da vlada izpolnjuje svoje obveznosti in obvladuje dolgove. To je jasno opredeljeno v programu nove albanske vlade, ki je nastopila mandat septembra Under its law on the privatisation of state-owned property, the Albanian government distributed privatisation vouchers to its citizens according to an agreed formula.

Finanzkrise einfach erklärt: Börsencrash 1929, DotCom Blase, Weltwirtschaftskrise 2008 & Tulpenkrise

Some In the law Albania set out a three-phase implementation method, which unfortunately it has never fully carried out, as so far only two phases have been implemented. However, it has found neither the genuine will nor the motivation actually to carry out what it promised and what is stipulated in the law. Many EU citizens, wanting to take part in the privatisation of Albanian assets, subsequently bought privatisation vouchers, encouraged by the positive legislation and the fact that the liabilities stemming from the issue of the vouchers were guaranteed by the Albanian state.

They were seen as an attractive investment opportunity. However, many investors suffered huge losses. The privatisation vouchers remain a liability of the Republic of Albania. The government should immediately set about making it possible to actually use them, either for shares in successful state-owned companies or for other assets at the values pertaining at the time of issue. Has the Commission been informed of this matter? Is the Commission working together with the Albanian government to resolve the privatisation issues, given that Albania is in the process of obtaining EU candidate country status?

What measures has the Commission adopted in this respect? The European Commission follows closely the economic developments in Albania. Issues of government's debts and privatisation were included. It is important that the government is meeting its own obligations and debts. Regarding the issue of the use of privatisation vouchers for the privatisation of state owned assets, the Commission is not aware of any relevant government instrument or plan at this stage.

In the context of its increased focus on economic governance and its dialogue with the Albanian authorities, the European Commission intends to further monitor this issue. An effective and transparent policy on privatisation and addressing government's debts is essential to sustain investors' confidence and to consolidate Albanian economy. Energy poverty means people being unable to afford the bare minimum to cover their basic energy needs. In any event, this directive requires Member States to ensure the necessary energy supply and adequate safeguards to protect vulnerable customers.

What does the Commission think about the rise in energy poverty in Spain and the eradication of this serious problem? Where the Commission identifies non-conformity of the Member States' legislation with EU acquis , infringement proceedings are launched when justified. The Commission has analysed, in cooperation with stakeholders, the practical possibility and opportunity for a common definition of energy poverty.

Yes, the Commission is considering this proposal and its potential budgetary effects. Las PCD no constituyen un problema de competencia si no perjudican a los consumidores. Las organizaciones empresariales han aprobado recientemente una iniciativa voluntaria contra las PCD. For several months, Spanish poultrymeat producers have been complaining about the unsustainable situation they are in as a result of alleged unfair practices by supermarkets, which may be agreeing to reduce prices so this meat remains a loss-leader product.

Many producers can barely cover their production costs because prices have collapsed, making it very hard to stay in business. However, it is important to distinguish between UTPs and practices breaching competition law. An agreement between supermarkets to fix prices would raise a competition concern and would have to be investigated by the relevant Competition Authorities. UTPs are behaviours that deviate from good commercial conduct, are contrary to good faith and fair dealing and are unilaterally imposed by trading partners on others. UTPs are not a competition issue unless they harm consumers.

This said, a report from the Spanish NCA alerted against the risks of certain commercial practices that in the short term may not suppose a competition concern but which may however in the long term entail negative effects on consumer welfare by decreasing investment and innovation or reducing consumer choice. UTPs have also been the focus of action at EU level. Business organisations have just adopted a voluntary initiative against UTPs. Oggetto: Prospezioni petrolifere off-shore nel Mar Jonio. Non ritiene che l'art. Spetta agli Stati membri decidere se sfruttare o meno le risorse naturali di cui dispongono, ma garantendo il rispetto delle pertinenti normative UE in materia di ambiente e sicurezza.

The abovementioned applications were submitted by numerous oil companies without the relevant public being informed, thus hindering public participation in the pre-feasibility study. Because of the particular topography of the Ionian Sea, which makes this area of water a semi-closed sea, an accident similar to that in the Gulf of Mexico in could have serious cross-border environmental consequences for the fragile marine and coastal ecosystems in the Mediterranean. In addition, oil exploration activities and possible hydrocarbon extraction could change the Gulf of Taranto from a tourist oasis rich in sites of environmental interest, such as the marine protected area of Porto Cesareo and the sandbank of Amendolara, into a marine dumping ground.

In addition, there are risks of discharge, not only during extraction activities but also during exploration activities, as seen during the exploration stage of the Ombrina Mare project in Abruzzo. In view of all the above, does the Commission not believe that hydrocarbon exploration and extraction activities in the Mediterranean Sea and the resulting environmental risks in a semi-closed sea such as the Mediterranean appear to be in conflict with the provisions listed? While it is within the competence of the Member State to decide or not to exploit their natural resources, these activities shall comply with all relevant EU safety and environmental legislation.

In particular, the Offshore safety directive sets clear rules for effective prevention and response of a major accident, while also improving and clarifying existing EU liability provisions. The approach followed by the Offshore safety directive is based on the precautionary principle, and on the principles that preventive action needs to be taken, that environmental damage needs as a matter of priority to be rectified at source and that the polluter must pay. Moreover, the Offshore safety directive provides that early and effective public participation relating to the effects of planned offshore oil and gas exploration operations on the environment shall be ensured.

Si prevede anche una revoca del divieto di indossare il velo islamico per le dipendenti pubbliche. Tali soggetti hanno infatti un loro specifico codice per l'abbigliamento. Nella relazione si specificava che le misure previste avrebbero affrontato importanti preoccupazioni e che era fondamentale che venissero attuate in collaborazione con le parti in causa e in linea con gli standard europei.

Per quanto riguarda la questione del velo, la Commissione ha sottolineato in varie occasioni che esistono norme e pratiche diverse in Europa e che non esistono standard unici in questo senso. La Commissione accoglie con favore il crescente consenso sulla questione in Turchia. Teaching of Kurdish will be introduced in private schools, but not in state schools. Also planned is a repeal of the prohibition on wearing the Islamic veil for public employees. The ban on the veil in public institutions will be removed, with the exception of certain professions: judges, prosecutors, police officers and members of the army.

These individuals have their own specific dress codes. The penalties for hate crimes will increase from one to three years, with the aim of combating discrimination, and the rules on hate crimes committed on religious, national or ethnic grounds will be amended. There will also be penalties for anyone seeking to prevent religious groups from practising their faith.

New rules have also been added to the reform package to allow greater freedom of assembly, extending the right to demonstrate until midnight, where previously demonstrations were only permitted before dusk. The package also contains measures in favour of religious minorities, including Roma, Christians, and the Shia Muslim community of Alevis. The Commission outlined the content of the package in the Turkey Progress Report.

Regarding the question of headscarves, the Commission has pointed out, on several occasions, that there are different rules and practices across Europe and that there is no unified standard on the issue. The European Court of Human Rights has in the past ruled that the issue of headscarves is one for each Member State of the Council of Europe to decide for itself. It is for this reason that the Commission does not comment on this issue in relation to compliance with the political criteria.

It is up to Turkish society to find its own compromise on this subject. The Commission welcomes the growing consensus on this issue in Turkey. It is important that this consensus continues to ensure the free choice of Turkish women, whatever their beliefs and opinions, free from pressures of any kind, including peer pressure. Comme le constatait le CESE dans son avis du A high growth rate and cheap labour market, coupled with a shortage of domestic timber resources, has meant that China has become an increasingly important player in the global timber trade.

It has become the largest importer of industrial wood and forest products and a major exporter of processed timber products, and is extremely competitive in terms of price and quality, primarily in the furniture sector, but also in the plywood industry. The logs exported to China return to Europe as finished or semi-finished products.

For many years, China has been the largest foreign supplier of furniture to the European Union. European furniture imports from China are currently European sawyers lament the fact that European wood as a raw material has been harnessed to such an extent by China to the detriment of its exploitation in Europe, with the European furniture industry unable to compete with the low costs in terms of production, regulation, transport and access to markets of the products processed by the Chinese.

The European furniture industry is also facing structural problems such as an ageing workforce, and was severely affected by the recent crises, which have led to a significant decrease in turnover and the number of businesses and jobs. How does the Commission specifically intend to guarantee fair competition for European producers in the face of their Chinese competitors and strengthen their competitiveness on international markets?

How will it support the process of innovation in the European furniture industry in terms of technology, functionality and aesthetics so that it can differentiate itself from its Chinese competitors? What financial instruments will it make available to SMEs in the sector? How will it encourage the exploitation of timber resources in Europe?

The EU supports open and fair trade between domestic and foreign producers. In addition, the action plan on Design-Driven Innovation SWD includes measures to promote design-driven innovation in industries to strengthen Europe's competitiveness. In response to the challenge of sustainable access to wood and other raw materials, the Commission has launched the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials. What is annually growing is rooftop solar, with a capacity of 6 MW to date. During the first 11 months of there have been more than 1 applications for support paid out with a capacity of 6 MW.

From the perspective of new project growth in other European countries, the Czech example appears embarrassingly small. Nevertheless, domestically it appears to be a success after the years of decline. Firms performing installations now enjoy a predictable, stable environment. They are able to offer solar solutions for heating water, either alone or in combination with batteries or heat pumps.

Bigger projects of up to 1 MW of capacity can also be commercially implemented. The Czech Industry and Trade Ministry has already issued two calls through which firms can request investment into photovoltaic electricity generators. During several projects on the order of hundreds of kilowatts have been built. Unfortunately, no other call has been announced and the companies are thus postponing their investments into renewables. The solar energy association has presented a study mapping the potential for solar in the Czech Republic. This includes opportunities to install panels on facades and rooftops as well as the building of photovoltaic electricity generation projects in brownfields.

Within the economic i. For the repeated startup of such constructions, however, bigger solar projects in the Czech Republic lack two basic things: Good laws and political support. The Czech Industry and Trade Ministry is currently drafting an amendment to the law on state-supported energy. After about a year of debate with experts, a bill has been drafted to introduce auctions for new renewable projects, inspired by a German law which began a very interesting reduction to the costs of new projects there, especially for photovoltaic parks.

However, the Czech Industry and Trade Ministry bill does not count on auction opportunities for new solar parks. Moreover, it is exactly solar that has the greatest chance of offering consumers cheap electricity, which would be advantageous. The same ministry is pushing the Czech Government to support new nuclear reactors, which are exponentially less advantageous than solar for consumers. Unfortunately, chances to build new solar parks, whether located in brownfields or on the grounds of spacious industrial campuses, are also not part of the Czech climate-energy plan the Government is meant to send to the European Commission by the end of the year to present its strategy for fulfilling its emissions-reduction obligations by According to the versions of the plan that have leaked to date, the Industry Ministry only wants to support solar projects with a capacity of 30 kilowatts or less.

Despite these small steps forward, the Czech solar energy sector is still waiting for somebody with a clear political vision to arrive on the scene. Fossil gas is essentially methane, which constitutes at least one-third of global warming Public Domain. One of the key components of this play is repeating ad nauseum that burning fossil gas produces only half as much CO2 in comparison to hard coal or lignite, the most polluting of all coals. Until recently, little media attention was given to the fact that fossil gas is essentially methane, which constitutes at least one-third of global warming and is leaking into the atmosphere all across the gas production and delivery chain.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC , in the first 20 years after its release, methane causes an approximately 87 times greater negative climate effect in the atmosphere than CO2. For a period of years, the climate effect would still be 36 times greater compared to CO2. In order for the world to meet its Paris-pledged goals of ensuring less than a 1.

Instead, throughout the US, 60 percent more fugitive methane was being released into the atmosphere through leaky oil and gas production than previously measured, the journal Science reports. While piped-in gas from Russia might be a bit better compared to LNG, the country barely has any fugitive methane controls, and is the leading producer and shipper of gas to Europe and Germany. But current trends indicate that green energy expansion is in fact, being deliberately fenced in. While on and offshore wind expansion slows , Nordstream 2 and a plethora of other new pipelines from Russia and newly discovered gas fields in the Middle East as well as the construction of a fleet of new LNG ships and terminals are set to flood the European gas market, dropping gas prices dramatically.

Under this scenario, German gas usage could actually rise by up to 8 percent through alone according to gas lobbying group Zukunft Erdgas. Evident of the new gas rush: shipments of U.

News from Normative Orders

So why again does anyone wonder why school kids throughout Europe and worldwide are striking for the future climate? Many developing countries were forced to accept privatization policies as a condition for credit or loan support from the World Bank and other international financial institutions, especially after the fiscal and debt crises of the early s.

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Other countries voluntarily embraced privatization, often on the pretext of fiscal and debt constraints, in their efforts to mimic new Anglo-American criteria of economic progress. Globally, inflation was attributed to excessive government intervention, public sector expansion and state-owned enterprise SOE inefficiency. It was claimed, with uneven and dubious evidence, that SOEs were inherently likely to be inefficient, corrupt, subject to abuse, and so on.

Regardless of their original rationale or intent, many SOEs become problematic and often inefficient. Yet, privatization is not, and has never been a universal panacea for the myriad problems faced by SOEs. Only more pragmatic and appropriate approaches — recognizing their origins, roles, functioning, impacts and problems — can realistically expect to address and overcome the burdens they have come to impose on many developing economies.

Privatization usually refers to a change of ownership from public to private hands. Over recent decades, the term has been used more loosely.

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It sometimes also refers to contracting out services previously undertaken solely by the government. The definition may include cases where private enterprises are awarded licenses to participate in activities previously reserved for the public sector. Strictly speaking, however, privatization involves the transfer of at least a majority share of and a controlling interest in a public enterprise or SOE and its assets, or an entity such as a government department, a statutory body or a government company previously controlled and typically at least majority-owned by the government, either directly or indirectly.

Following the oil price shocks of the mid- and late s, inflation spread through much of the world.

Brave New Europe

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The US Fed sharply raised interest rates to stem inflation, which precipitated the fiscal and debt crises of the early s in many parts of the world, especially in Latin America, Africa and Eastern Europe. Generally, the WB worked closely to provide medium- and long-term credit to these governments on condition that they adopted structural adjustment programmes SAPs. The SAPs generally prescribed economic globalization especially of international trade and finance , national or domestic deregulation and privatization. Since then, these international financial institutions have been more powerful in relation to developing countries than ever before.

Soon, privatization became a standard requirement of SAPs. On Friday, March 15, an estimated 1. The Fridays for the Future protests mark the onset of a global mass movement based on civil disobedience. This display of determination — over 20, overflowed from Invalidenpark in Berlin as part of the worldwide school strike for climate justice — turned our cultural order on its head: children were acting more maturely, more responsibly than their parents, even scolding their elders for their self-centered, reckless behavior.

Kids walked out of their classrooms in cities in Germany, and 2. The demos of March 15, , may well prove a seminal moment in the history of the fight against global warming: the start of an international mass movement of young people that relies on civil disobedience. And take the astounding scope and organization: the coordination of well over a thousand such demos across the globe.

The Berlin leg, which police and the organizers expected to attract just 5, activists, brought out five times that number — and oodles of media. The youngsters know exactly how to use social media for maximum impact, and how to get coverage that landed them on the front pages of newspapers and on the evening news just everywhere in the world. And, yet, there was anger too, directed at the generations of parents and politicians who let things get as bad as they are.

One felt more than a little spirit of the student protests in their brutal critiques of their elders. The speakers on the podium talked about the Paris treaty, the promise of renewable energy, the footprint of our transportation and agriculture sectors, and individual responsibility. Then she was alone. That was two short months ago. The hail of critique that has rained down on the kids for skipping school truly misses the point.

And as for naivety, this barb was dispelled by the new Scientists for the Future group, namely 23, German scientists and other experts who supported the strike. A handful of them were at the demo, and from the podium they told the students that they are right. They get the point. Countries like Germany, they said, were going in the right direction but not nearly fast enough.

Keep it up, kids, they told them, science is on your side. Indeed, the kids get it, namely the existential threat of global warning. And that they are the last generation that will have the opportunity to do something about it. German Chancellor Angela Merkel was one of the few world leaders that dared to praised them once again in the face of her own conservative party, most of which shook their fingers at the naughty truants ; and she seems intent on doing more for the climate in her final years in office. This, though, is not nearly enough for Greta Thunberg and her peers who announced themselves as a critical new part of the global climate protection movement.

They may not be old enough to vote, but they are obviously capable of serious civic action, this much they proved on Friday beyond a doubt. But skipping school alone will not further their aims. They have to take their cause to the offices of the politicians, business and industry leaders, and, of course, their teachers and principals too. Civil disobedience is now integral to their movement and they have to find new ways to wield it.

Occupying offices and buildings, the way the Central America movement did in the US in the s, is one option. But these tuned-in youngsters will surely come up with better ideas. Vom Was genau ist dabei herausgekommen? Das ist eine optimistische Sichtweise auf das Thema. Was ist die UNEA? So wurden viele wichtige Themen der internationalen Umweltpolitik behandelt und in Resolutionen gegossen.

Der zweite Vorschlag seitens Indiens wollte das weltweite Ende des Einwegplastiks auf den Weg bringen. Das sah vor wenigen Wochen noch nicht so aus. Joshua Hill takes a look. This is our modern Industrial Strategy in action. Companies are burgeoning in clusters, creating new centres of excellence in this clean growth boom. The Sector Deal was also unsurprisingly hugely appreciated by companies of all sizes across the United Kingdom.

Costs have been driven down dramatically so that offshore wind is now competitive with conventional forms of energy generation, and at the same time the sector has delivered jobs, investment and growth across northern towns and cities. The Sector Deal elements of innovation, developing skills, creating a more diverse work force and supporting local people is in the DNA of our company. Joshua S Hill is author of CleanTechnica and writes about clean power and renewable energies. This article has been republished from CleanTechnica.

Die dringende Notwendigkeit, diese Risikotechnologien international zu regulieren, bleibt somit bestehen. Denn: Die Erforschung und Entwicklung von Geoengineering-Technologien wird aktuell bereits massiv vorangetrieben — durch Forschungsprogramme, Freilandexperimente und Pilotprojekte, durch finanzielle Anreize von staatlicher Seite und durch massive Investitionen aus Silicon Valley , der fossilen Industrie sowie der Bergbauindustrie. This website uses cookies. For information on how to object, see our Privacy Policy. Categories: Blogs.

Crossover Chat 176

Fangfrisch aus dem Abwasser Heinrich von Arabien - 23 April, - Schrumpfende Entwicklungshilfe Andere Schwerpunkte? Baustellen der Globalisierung - 12 April, - Auf 4 Mrd. Es geht jedoch nicht nur um mehr Geld.