She also asks the Honorspren to cut the bales of cloth into specific shapes as kaladin and crew are leaving. I can not remember did Vivenna have scars from Warbreaker? Kaladin was speaking softly with a woman in armor, helm under her arm, face crossed by a pair of scars. Highmarshal Azure was younger than Shallan had expected. Posted November 20, Judging by how long Vasher seems to have been on Roshar , quite a bit of time has passed between Warbreaker and OB. Long enough for Warbreaker 2 even.
Adolin thinks in Shadesmar that the scars seem less prominent. I believe she's learned to control her divine breath fragment better and can alter more than just her hair. Posted November 20, edited. Nightblood turns his wielder's skin grey, though that recovers with time and possibly Investiture. Azure's blade was silver instead of black, and turned the victim's skin grey. I theorize that Nightblood is the way he is largely because Shashara's Command of "destroy evil" was either inherently too vague "what is evil?
We'd already seen earlier in Warbreaker that the more complex the Command, the more Breath was necessary to make it work; so on top of the massive amount of Breath needed for the Ninth Heightening to Awaken steel in the first place, a colossal amount got put into the sword So much Investiture that it turned black, and is sentient. And even that was not enough, which is why Nightblood requires exponential feeding of Investiture to operate when drawn. Honestly, I'm most intrigued by the implications that Vivenna is able to Awaken things on Roshar, given that Vasher according to WoB still has not figured out how to do the same.
As I understand it, it's not that Vasher doesn't know how to Awaken on Roshar--it's that he doesn't know how to use Stormlight to do it. I don't see any evidence to suggest that Vivenna can do that either, but she still has Breath from Nalthis that she can use for Awakening. In Vasher's case, I don't think we know whether he can Awaken or not--only that he has failed to discover how to fuel Awakening with Stormlight.
Naturally, if he currently only has his Divine Breath, then he cannot. I don't know whether or not his ability to sense Kaladin coming in his WoR interlude could be explained without extra Breath, but I think so.
Even a suppressed Divine Breath should still give you that much. It works more like other Awakened objects where she shares breath and then takes it back. All rights reserved. Further reproduction or distribution is prohibited without prior permission in writing from the publishers.
James E. The full text of this chapter is available as a preview. Access to the full text of the entire book is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or read more about How to Order. This book has been many years in the making and along the way I have accumulated many debts.
First and foremost, I owe the greatest thanks to my doctoral supervisor at the University of Oxford, Adrian Gregory, and to my college advisor at Balliol, Martin Conway; over several years of both undergraduate and postgraduate study I have benefited enormously from their wisdom, wit and support. Special thanks are due to Alisa Miller, Harry Munt, and Sam Wilson for their tireless assistance in reading drafts and helping to challenge and refine the ideas in this book.
The usual caveat applies that I alone am responsible for any errors. At University College Dublin I was very fortunate to be part of a friendly and stimulating research community. Among my former colleagues in Dublin I owe particular thanks to Robert Gerwarth and William Mulligan for supporting and helping to clarify my research over the past few years. The research for this book would not have been possible without the financial assistance provided by Balliol College, the Frank Denning Memorial Charity, which contributed towards my research trip in Australia and New Zealand, and the European Research Council.
The research for this study was greatly assisted by the staff of various libraries and archives. I am extremely grateful to individual copyright holders who have granted me permission to quote from the papers of their relatives: Lord Allenby, Kathryn E. King was killed by a Remington-Peters, soft-point, metal-jacketed bullet fired from a high velocity.
From a combination of field investigation, scientific data and admissions by Ray, the committee was convinced that Ray purchased the rifle, transported it to the scene of the crime and abandoned it near the scene immediately after the shooting. First, the evidence is conclusive that Ray purchased a. A and Weaver sight mount. This rifle, sight and mount were recovered by police officers immediately after the assassination and were later designated exhibit "Q2" by the FBI.
Ray repeatedly admitted, as he did under oath at a committee public hearing, that on March 29, , he purchased a. Further, Ray admitted that the next day he exchanged the. Ray's admission about the purchase and exchange was corroborated by the statements of U. Wood, in fact, identified Ray as the man known to him as Harvey Lowmeyer who, on March 30, received the. Galt during a transaction that could be directly tied to the assassination. Ray had established identification as Eric S.
Galt and used that name almost exclusively for 9 months preceding the assassination. When he rented an apartment or a room, bought a car, secured a driver's license, took dance lessons, rented a safe deposit box, visited a doctor, attended bartending school, and subscribed to a locksmith Page course, all everyday activities, he did so as Eric Starvo Galt. Regardless, Ray admitted transporting the rifle from Birmingham to Memphis, 37 claiming that he gave it to Raoul at the New Rebel Motel on the evening of April 3, never to see it again.
Thus the committee established that Ray bought a. This same rifle-- with Ray's fingerprints on it--was found on the sidewalk in front of South Main Street moments after the assassination. Brewer recalled renting room 5-B to John Willard. She also noted that the tenant rejected the first room shown to him, one equipped with light housekeeping facilities, saying he only wanted a sleeping room. Willard then accepted 5-B, Mrs. Brewer recalled, which was in the rear of the building near the bathroom and which offered a view of the front of the Lorraine Motel.
As noted previously, both Stephens and Anschutz saw a man carrying a bundle that could have contained a rifle, fleeing down the hallway shortly after the shooting. Bernell Finley, who was shopping in Canipe's Amusement Co. A short time later he saw a man walking by the front of the store heard a noise and saw a bundle in the entranceway of the store.
He then caught a glimpse of the profile of a man walking away in haste. Shortly after he saw the man Finley heard the screech of tires and saw a white Mustang pull away from the curb. This explanation is undermined, however, by Ray's use of the Galt alias at the New Rebel Motel in Memphis on April 3, , where he planned to meet Raoul and exchange the rifle, as well as by his admitted involvement in past criminal endeavors, such as smuggling at the Canadian border, without similarly elaborate precautionary measures.
The committee believed Ray reverted to the Galt alias at the New Rebel because his stay there was not powerfully incriminating and to disassociate himself further from the activities he had engaged in as Lowmeyer and Willard in preparation for the assassination. The window of the bathroom at the end of the hall, fronting on the rear of the Lorraine, did not present this problem. Page Guy Canipe, owner of the amusement company, told the committee he had no recollection of hearing the shot.
He did remember hearing a thud at the front door and catching a glimpse of a dark-skinned white man passing the store. He also told the FBI that within moments of hearing the bundle drop, he saw a small white car pull away from the curb on Main Street. Julius Graham, another customer in Canipe's store, could not provide the committee with a description of the individual who dropped the bundle, but he did recall that a white Mustang passed the store heading north shortly after the bundle has dropped.
It contained among other items two cans of Schlitz beer, the April 18 edition edition of the Memphis Commercial Appeal, a plastic bottle of aftershave lotion, a. Scalice examined latent fingerprints lifted from the rifle, the binoculars, a Schlitz beer can and the front page of the Memphis Commercial Appeall.
Yet when the rifle was examined after the assassination, two latent fingerprints of value were lifted from it, both belonging to Ray. Possibly from a sequel to Warbreaker. On February 13, , Foreman told Ray in a letter that if the case went to trial, there was a percent chance he would be found guilty and a percent chance he would get the death penalty. Are your words life-giving or are they discouraging? This took place at a time when the Swedish elite strived to reach a European cultural standard, and the paper demonstrates how political culture, objects and an elite European identity were thoroughly linked together. My name is Cherry St.
All were found to be the prints of James Earl Ray. Because of other commitments, Scalice could not complete the fingerprint identification, so the committee retained Darrell D. Linville and Ray Holbrook, fingerprint, specialists for the Washington, D. Metropolitan Police Department. They subsequently identified Ray's prints on the telescopic sight on the rifle and on the bottle of aftershave lotion.
No prints, either identifiable or unidentifiable, other than those identified as Ray's, were found on the rifle. The committee retained a panel of five of the foremost firearms examiners in the United States to review the ballistics evidence. King's body, with test-fired bullets, as well as exhaustive microscopic, visual, and chemical analyses.
Despite this effort, the panel was 10 Aside from the obvious importance of an accurate analysis of the firearms evidence, the committee noted that the firearms examination in the original FBI investigation was inconclusive. The FBI found it was " King's body] was actually fired from the Q2 rifle. The bullet was imprinted with six lands and six grooves and a right twist by the rifle from which it had been fired.
The Q2 rifle-had general class characteristics of six lands and six grooves with a right twist. The cartridge case Q3 found in the Q2 rifle had been fired in the Q2 rifle. The damage to Dr.
King's clothing, when tested microscopically and chemically, revealed the presence of lead from a disintegrating bullet and also revealed the absence of nitrites the presence of nitrites would have indicated a close-range discharge. The damage to the clothing was consistent with the caliber and condition of the Q64 bullet. When the panel's conclusions were combined with Ray's admissions, fingerprint evidence, and the testimony of other witnesses, there was ample evidence for the committee to conclude that Ray had purchased the. King and dropped the murder weapon in front of Canipe's Amusement Co.
Top of Page 4. It is highly probable that James Earl Ray stalked Dr. King for a period immediately preceding the assassination The committee considered allegations that Ray stalked Dr. King for a period of time preceding the assassination, and it developed evidence indicating a high probability that Ray did, in fact, pursue Dr.
In all likelihood, the stalking began about March 17, , the day that Ray left Los Angeles and drove eastward. Ray's decision to leave California was not impulsive. In discussions with his acquaintances from a bartending school earlier in March , he had mentioned his plans to travel east on two separate occasions. King's home city, before leaving Los Angeles. Ray, however, never conceded his intent to travel to Atlanta from Los Angeles.
Ray flatly stated that he never knew he was going to Atlanta until he arrived in Birmingham, " In fact, it is not always possible to match bullets to guns, and no significance should be attached to the failure. Indeed, the panel determined that the individual bullets that it fired from the Q2 rifle could not always be matched scientifically with the weapon, since the rifle apparently engraves inconsistent characteristics on the successive rounds. Page against me. King's home, the committee found Ray's anticipated travel to that city as the first significant indication of his interest in tracking the activities of Dr.
Ray's probable stalking of Dr.
Identity (The Kings Archives Book 1) eBook: Emkay MacD.: rapyzure.tk: Kindle Store. "Helplessly she tried to break free from her restraints. She could hear someone screaming in the distance; she didn't know where it was coming from until her.
King continued with his trip to Selma, Ala. King was in the Selma area on March Ray admitted being in Selma on March 22 a motel registration card for his Galt alias confirms his stay there , 13 but his explanation for being there was not convincing. He claimed that while driving from New Orleans to Birmingham, allegedly to met Raoul, he got lost and and had to spend the night in Selma. It was situated in between the two routes, about 45 miles out of the way. The committee further determined that it would be difficult for Ray to have become lost between New Orleans and Birmingham.
The committee found Ray's activities following the purchase of the rifle relevant to the stalking theory. On March 28, the day after violence cut short a Memphis march led by Dr. Ray purchased a. Ray testified that between March 30 and April 3, he took a slow drive through Alabama and Mississippi, stopping at different motels each night, on his way to meet Raoul in Memphis. Thus, Ray's movements roughly paralleled those of Dr. King, who returned to Atlanta from Memphis on March Except for a trip to Washington, D. King remained in Atlanta until April 3, , when he returned to Memphis.
The committee explored Jerry Ray's allegation-- it took testimony from the manager of the motel, and it reviewed registration cards from the motel for the appropriate period. The committee determined that Jerry Ray's allegation was without merit. Page I didn't return to Atlanta. First, the committee established that, on March 31, Ray paid his Atlanta landlord, Jimmy Garner for a second week's rent; he wrote his name on an envelope and gave it to Garner.
He suggested that the issue of his presence in Atlanta could be cleared up by checking with the Piedmont Cleaners where he left his laundry on March 25, 26, or 27 and picked it up on April 5, Peters and the Piedmont ledger book. The committee observed that while Ray was in Atlanta on April 1, both the Atlanta Constitution and the Atlanta Journal published stories about the volatile situation in Memphis and Dr. King's intention to return to the troubled city. King's intention to return to Memphis, Ray left, Atlanta and headed for Memphis himself.
Samuel B. Kyles of Memphis, an associate of Dr. King, recalled that on April 3 he heard a radio broadcast reporting that Dr. King was staying at room of the Lorraine. King, one that placed him at the Lorraine Motel for lunch on April 3. King was staying at the Lorraine available to Ray, the transfer from the New Rebel Motel to Bessie Brewer's roominghouse takes on special significance.
The rear of the roominghouse faces the Lorraine offering an ideal vantage point for one who was stalking Dr. King and waiting for an opportunity to assassinate him.
King was in Memphis. In light of the high visibility of the sanitation worker's strike, Ray's natural sensitivity to the increased police activity because of his fugitive status, the radio and newspaper coverage of Dr. King's activities, and Ray's fingerprint on the April 4 edition of the Memphis Page Commercial Appeal, the committee concluded that Ray's denial was not worthy of belief.
The manner in which Ray selected his room at Bessie Brewer's roominghouse provided additional evidence of his intent to monitor Dr. King's movements. Room 8, the first room Ray was shown, was located toward the front South Main Street side of the building. It was across the hall from the office where Ray had approached Mrs. It offered neither privacy nor the possibility of a view of the Lorraine Motel located to the rear of the building.
Brewer he wanted only a sleeping room and not an apartment. Further, its window offered the possibility of a direct view of the Lorraine. The committee found no evidence that Ray entered the room and examined the view from the window before accepting it. Nevertheless, the privacy and its location at the rear of the building apparently made the room more acceptable to Ray.
Ray's monitoring of Dr. King was also indicated by his purchase of a pair of binoculars after renting the room. Ray admitted purchasing binoculars on the afternoon of April 4, The binoculars with the receipt were found in the bundle of evidence outside Canipe's. Although inexpensive, they would have enabled Ray to keep a close watch on movement at the Lorraine Motel from the rear of the roominghouse. Ray could have observed the Lorraine either from room 5-B, by leaning slightly out of the window, or from the bathroom at the end of the hall.
Examination of room 5-B immediately after the assassination revealed that a dresser had been pushed from in front of the window and that a chair had been moved up to the window, 80 indicating that Ray had, in fact, used the window for surveillance of the Lorraine. Thus, there is compelling circumstantial evidence that from March 17, , Ray tracked Dr. King's movements from Los Angeles eastward, and then followed him to Selma, Ala. King and purchased a pair of binoculars to assist him in his observations.
The committee concluded that these were activities performed by Ray in preparation for assassinating Dr. Top of Page 5. King from the bathroom window on the second floor of the north wing of Bessie Brewer's roominghouse, fled from the building carrying a bundle containing the weapon and other items, and dropped the bundle in the entranceway of Canipe's Amusement Co. Page indicated that Ray then drove from the area in a small white car, heading north. Police radio broadcasts shortly after the assassination identified a white Mustang with a single white occupant as the car and suspect seen fleeing the scene.
Thus, the committee questioned him about it at length in interviews and during his appearance at a committee public hearing. Although Ray denied in his public testimony that he was at the roominghouse at the time the shot was fired, he admitted leaving Memphis in the Mustang shortly after 6 p. He claimed that while returning from a service station shortly after 6 p. Ray asserted that, up to this time, he was unaware of Dr. King's assassination in Memphis.
King had been shot did you in your mind then realize that this had nothing to do with you or Raoul? I didn't even pay too much attention to that. But his question is that, when you heard that, did you at least then assume that that must have been what the police car was blocking the-- RAY. No, no there was no connection there whatsoever. In fact, his Toronto landlady Mrs. Feliksa Szpakowska, told authorities in that he had registered on April 8, While a stopover at some city between Atlanta and Toronto therefore seemed likely, the committee found no evidence to show there had been one.
Page were seeking a person in a white Mustang in connection with the assassination. At this time, Ray decided that he was somehow involved in the assassination and that the police were looking for his white Mustang. He was by then convinced that Raoul was involved in the assassination, and he feared that he had become the object of a nationwide manhunt.
Ray was so certain of this involvement that he said he threw out everything he had in the car, including some expensive photographic equipment, apparently thinking that these items might link him to the assassination. Ray was asked to explain the thought process by which he had concluded, based on the information available to him, that Raoul was involved in the assassination.
Well, that's what I'm trying to pinpoint-- when you started to think Raoul may be involved in the shooting of Dr. King, what was it you were thinking of? It can't be the broadcast about the car, it's got to be some other things, and what were they? Well, of course, the guns was always a consideration. I thought that when I, I first pulled out of the area in the car, but I hate to keep getting back to this same thing, but that Mustang was what really concerned me. That's why you wanted to get out of there, but I'm trying to find out what is it that made you decide or think Raoul may be involved in the shooting of King?
Well, I think it was his association with the Mustang, he was in the general area, and, of course, the guns The assumptions were step by step. The first assumption I made was when they started looking for the Mustang, was that they were looking probably for me. If they were looking for me, then the next assumption was that they might have been looking for this Raoul, and there may have been some offense committed in this area. Consequently, the committee examined his account in great detail and found it unpersuasive.
First, there was no mention of the suspect's description, or of any of Ray's aliases--John Willard, for example during the broadcasts that Ray heard. He, therefore, had little reason to suppose the authorities were looking for him. Second, Ray testified in public hearings that he was unaware of Dr. King's presence at the Lorraine Motel. There was no reason, therefore, to associate the police activity at the roominghouse with the reports of an assassination attempt on Dr. Third, Raoul had never exhibited overt racial animosity or mentioned the possibility of shooting Dr.
King during their extended period of criminal association. King's life. Fourth, Ray claimed that he was in his own Mustang--away from the roominghouse--at the time of the assassination. In addition, he stated that by the time he returned to the vicinity of the roominghouse, police roadblocks had already been erected, a clear indication that the Mustang reported to have been seen leaving the crime scene had departed some time before.
Thus, it is difficult to understand why Ray would have believed that the police were not looking for his Mustang. Fifth, Ray's story of his flight assumes, as a necessary ingredient, Raoul's presence in the Memphis roominghouse. The committee, however, found no evidence to support the existence of Raoul on April 4, , or any other time. Finally, as an "innocent dupe," Ray's immediate danger stemmed from the possibility of an erroneous stop of his white Mustang and the subsequent discovery of his status as an escapee from Missouri State Penitentiary.
Nevertheless, he accepted this risk and remained in the car for 11 hours during the drive from Memphis to Atlanta. This behavior was illogical, and it suggested that Ray believed the benefit to be gained in placing distance between himself and the area of the assassination outweighed the substantial risk of an arrest on an all points bulletin for the white Mustang. The committee found Ray's decision to accept this risk comprehensible only if he knew of the bundle drop-and the substantial evidence he had left behind tying him directly to the assassination. Ray's decision to flee south to Atlanta, rather than directly north to Canada, was also significant, since it too created an increased risk of arrest.
The committee considered two explanations. First, Ray returned to Atlanta to receive money for the assassination. Second, there was highly incriminating evidence in Atlanta that Ray needed to eliminate before leaving the country. The committee found no evidence to support the first explanation. Some evidence indicated that Ray had photographed Dr. King while in Atlanta, 18 raising the possibility that he had left photographs in the city. This possibility was perhaps corroborated by Ray's admission that he threw out his camera equipment during the drive from Memphis.
Ultimately, however, the committee was unable to develop concrete evidence supporting this explanation for Ray's return to Atlanta. Nevertheless, the committee found Ray's conduct following the assassination, and his inadequate explanation for that conduct, to be significant additional evidence of his involvement in the assassination. Page Top of Page 6. James Earl Ray's alibi for the time of the assassination, his story of "Raoul," and other allegedly exculpatory evidence are not worthy of belief Ray's alibi Ray's "Raoul" Story Conflicting descriptions of Raoul Absence of witnesses to corroborate Raoul's existence Preassassination transgressions The rifle purchase Fingerprints on the rifle Rental of room 5-B at Bessie Brewer's roominghouse The binocular purchase Grace Walden Stephens Top of Page a Ray's alibi One of the best defenses available to a criminal defendant is an alibi--"the plea of having been at the time of the commission of a [criminal] act elsewhere than at the place of its commission.
The committee received substantial evidence that James Earl Ray was at Bessie Brewer's roominghouse during the hours immediately preceding the assassination; that he fired the murder weapon; that he fled the roominghouse; that he dropped a bundle in the doorway of Canipe's Amusement Co. Ray, however, asserted an alibi defense. He told the committee that he was not at the roominghouse at the moment Dr.
King was murdered, but was, in fact, blocks away at a service station, attempting to get a flat tire fixed. It was upon his return from the service station to the roominghouse that he ran into the police roadblock that precipitated his flight from Memphis. He had told his attorney, Arthur Hanes, Sr. Ray told Hanes that he followed the instructions. After they had driven a few blocks, Raoul jumped out of the car, never to be seen again.
Huie quoted it in his book about the King assassination, "He Slew the Dreamer. When questioned as to why he switched alibis, Ray said the "white sheet" story was intended as a joke at the expense of Huie who had an interest in the Ku Klux Klan. Ray said he had planned to give the gas station account at his trial, when he took the witness stand in his own defense. All I want to know is why you didn't tell this man [Hanes] who is representing you in a capital case the truth. It wasn't I wasn't telling you the truth; I just didn't tell him that.
It was my intention to tell the jury that. You were going to spring this on your attorney at the trial? Yes; that's correct. If the gas station story were true and Hanes had been told of it, he could have found witnesses to corroborate it and support Ray's testimony. By withholding his story, Ray guaranteed that his testimony, which was subject to impeachment because of his prior criminal record, would stand alone without independent corroboration.