Nor do we like to depend on anyone else. Our culture teaches us to be independent and to avoid suffering at all costs. Jesus teaches us to depend totally on the Father and that suffering can lead to new life. It is not that we seek suffering. However, when we love like Jesus, we risk rejection and suffering. When we speak about Jesus openly today, we risk mockery and rejection, like the prophet Jeremiah in the first reading Jeremiah Take heart, my friends. If you are being mocked or rejected on account of your faith in Jesus, blessed will you be. There may be suffering involved for a time, but new life in heaven awaits us.
Hold firm and take heart. Jesus is with you every step of the way. Do I believe that the Lord will help me carry the crosses of life? Am I willing to trust in the Father rather than trust myself? Sin embargo, Pedro no estaba pensando de la forma en que Dios piensa. El diablo es el padre de la mentira. Esto es imposible. No nos gusta sufrir. No es que busquemos el sufrimiento. Sean valientes mis amigos.
Puede haber sufrimiento por un tiempo, pero una nueva vida en el cielo nos espera. To one he gave five talents; to another, two; to a third, one—. Immediately the one who received five talents went and traded with them,. Likewise, the one who received two made another two. But the man who received one went off and dug a hole in the ground.
Un pasado para olvidar: Los Crighton (10) (Harlequin Sagas) (Spanish Edition) - Kindle edition by Penny Jordan. Download it once and read it on your Kindle. Un pasado para olvidar: Los Crighton (10) (Harlequin Sagas) (Spanish Edition) eBook: Penny Jordan: rapyzure.tk: Kindle Store.
Then the one who had received two talents also came forward and said,. Then the one who had received the one talent came forward and said,. Should you not then have put my money in the bank. Now then! Take the talent from him and give it to the one with ten. And throw this useless servant into the darkness outside,. This is such an important parable for our lives. Three servants are given talents — 5 to one, 2 to another and 1 to the third person.
The first two invest their talents and double their investment. The third person buried his talent and his boss took away what he had and gave it to the one who already had 10 talents. Why would Jesus tell this parable? The Lord has given each one of us many gifts and talents. God has given each of us talents. It does not mean that we are on TV for our talents; it just means that each of us has been gifted.
Ask God to reveal to you the gifts and talents He has given to you. These gifts and talents are never meant for us alone. They are meant to be shared. Even though we can never enter the mind of God, try to imagine how God wants us to live together. It makes sense that He would give each one of us talents to share with others for the common good of all people.
He wants us to live as a family, caring for one another even if we are not related by blood. For example, the horrific scenes that we are seeing in Houston should strike something in our hearts. These are our brothers and sisters, no matter the color of their skin, the language they speak or their socio-economic status. Some people are using their gifts to directly aid in the search and rescue with their boats, trucks and horses. Some can help financially. Others can pray. There are many ways that we can share our gifts in this situation.
When we use the gifts and talents God has given us for the good of others, He will bless us with more gifts and talents to continue giving them away. We become like the servants who doubled their talents. I thought I was giving up baseball when I entered the seminary. He brought it back to me in a way that I never imagined, being the Catholic chaplain for the Chicago Cubs! The opposite is true also. When we bury our gifts or use them only for our own benefit, God takes them away and gives them to someone who will use them for the greater good of others. Are you generous with them or do you hold on to them tightly?
Have you seen how God blesses you with more when you are generous? Por eso tuve miedo y fui a esconder tu talento bajo tierra. A tres siervos se les dieron talentos — 5 a uno, 2 a otro y 1 a la tercera persona. Esto no parece justo. Dios ha dado a cada uno de nosotros talentos. Estos dones y talentos nunca son solo para nosotros.
Todos somos hijos de Dios, lo que nos hace hermanos y hermanas. Por ejemplo, las escenas horribles que estamos viendo en Houston deben golpear algo en nuestros corazones. Algunos pueden ayudar financieramente. Otros pueden orar. Nos volvemos como los siervos que duplicaron sus talentos. Then all those virgins got up and trimmed their lamps. Go instead to the merchants and buy some for yourselves. This is the second day in a row that Jesus tells His disciples to be ready. Five virgins were prepared with enough oil for their lamps to meet the bridegroom.
Five foolish ones were caught off guard. Why did I not prepare myself better? Kind people share what they have. We cannot depend on other people for our salvation. For example, some friends joke that since I am a priest, they are going to ride on my coattails to heaven. I know they are joking, but sometimes we think this way. In fact, how do we get ready for the bridegroom to come?
In our baptism, the Lord claimed us as His beloved child. We were wiped clean from original sin. In my case, baptism at the age of 18 also wiped away all of my personal sins until that point. However, we are sinners. We separate ourselves from God through our conscious choices to turn away from Him. Jesus gave Peter the keys to the kingdom and the authority in His name to forgive sins.
The sacrament of reconciliation is available for us throughout our lives to ask for forgiveness and be in communion once again with God. Frequenting the sacraments, along with developing a deep, personal relationship with Jesus through prayer, study, and loving acts of service, will allow us to grow in holiness and communion with God. This keeps us prepared for the bridegroom for the day that He will come like a thief in the night. If we stay close to Jesus, we have nothing to fear.
Cinco de ellas eran descuidadas y cinco, previsoras. Cinco descuidadas fueron sorprendidas desprevenidas. Las personas bondadosas comparten lo que tienen. Por ejemplo, algunos amigos piensan que como soy sacerdote, van a montar en mis faldillas hasta el cielo. No podemos llegar al cielo basado en la santidad de otro. Fuimos limpiados del pecado original.
Sin embargo, somos pecadores. For you do not know on which day your Lord will come. Blessed is that servant whom his master on his arrival finds doing so. Amen, I say to you, he will put him in charge of all his property. Yesterday, I concelebrated a funeral Mass with a priest friend. The Mass was for his year-old sister-in-law, who died after a short battle with aggressive stomach cancer.
I heard about another family who had to bury their year-old daughter. When I hear about the death of people my age or younger, this gospel takes on greater meaning for me. This is not easy to keep in mind as the busyness of life consumes us. We focus on our jobs, the bills, the chores, sports activities, etc. How much time do we spend developing our relationship with Jesus and preparing for eternity? My friends, are we ready to meet the Lord today? We may think we are going to live forever. We may think that we can put off for tomorrow reconciling with God and with our neighbor.
The Lord will come for us like a thief in the night. Get ready today. If you were told you had six months to live, how would you spend those six months? Or better yet, if you were told today was your last day on earth, how would you spend it? I had this conversation with some friends recently. I encourage you to think and pray about this and discuss it with your loved ones. As I reflected on the question, I would focus my time on my family and friends. I would speak from the heart how much they mean to me and I would leave nothing unsaid. I would also share my faith and encourage others to get their lives in order to meet Jesus.
Once we discover what is most important to us, we should start living as if today were our last day. It might be. Only God knows. Imagine how much more love and peace would enter your life if you lived every day to its fullest. How would I spend today if it were my last day on earth?
This is not meant to make us live in fear. This is meant to live life as we should. Nos enfocamos en nuestros trabajos, las facturas, las tareas, actividades deportivas, etc. Podemos pensar que vamos a vivir para siempre. Les animo a pensar y orar acerca de esto y compartir sus ideas con sus seres queridos. Puede ser. Esto no es para que vivamos con miedo. Es para que vivamos la vida como debemos. You are like whitewashed tombs, which appear beautiful on the outside,.
I have experienced the life of hypocrisy and the life of authenticity. What is a hypocrite? He is a person who says one thing and does another. She is a person who pretends to have high moral standards and virtues, but her actions betray her stated beliefs. Have you ever tried to pretend you were more holy than you are? I certainly have done so. Why do we do this? We might be afraid to look inside because we do not like what we will find. We might want to fit in with others. I have done all of the above. What has helped me fight against hypocrisy is to bring everything — the good, the bad and the ugly — honestly before the Lord.
Our fear of rejection by God and others can often keep us locked in the prison cell of our own hypocrisy. However, when I realized the truth that God loves me unconditionally as His beloved son, I began to let down my guard. I came before the Lord honestly with my sins, my struggles, my past life — and He loved me and forgave me. I also was honest with my spiritual director and a few trusted friends. This transparency with God and others, combined with receiving the love and mercy of God, has allowed me to move toward a life of authenticity, integrity and freedom.
Sometimes we think it is easier to live a life of hypocrisy because change is hard. Jesus was challenging the scribes and Pharisees to change. Discipleship costs a lot, but the rewards are eternal. Paul and his team of evangelizers brought the word of God to many people. They lived authentic lives, giving of themselves completely for the salvation of others.
They were not worried about their own needs. In the first reading, St. Paul allowed the Lord to transform him from the inside out. Paul spent time in prayer so that the Lord would fill him with grace and virtue. His private life and public life were united as he lived an authentic life of integrity. Do I trust God loves me, despite my past sinfulness? Remember…the rewards of living an authentic life in the light of Christ are eternal.
Es una persona que dice una cosa y hace otra. Ciertamente yo lo he hecho. He hecho todo lo anterior. El discipulado cuesta mucho, pero las recompensas son eternas. San Pablo y su equipo de evangelizadores llevaron la palabra de Dios a muchas personas. No estaban preocupados por sus propias necesidades. Thought for August 29, — Passion of St. John the Baptist. Herod was the one who had John the Baptist arrested and bound in prison.
Herod feared John, knowing him to be a righteous and holy man,. When he heard him speak he was very much perplexed,. She had an opportunity one day when Herod, on his birthday,. So he promptly dispatched an executioner with orders. He brought in the head on a platter and gave it to the girl. I have great news to share! The doctor said that the cancer is gone and he is in remission. We could not have received better news! My Dad asked me to thank all of you who have been praying for him over the last several months.
The doctor even mentioned the power of prayer in the healing process. He now will have periodic check-ups with the doctor, who feels that Dad will continue to feel better and get stronger. We went out for lunch to thank God for His mercy and grace. I asked him what and why had said something to obviously hurt her feelings. But given the opportunity, children have the ability to learn multiple languages before the process of tuning-out takes place.
Pacing, accents and inflection further complicates learning a second language. Vy now Dr. Do demonstrated that at a conference. Writing a two-letter word on the board, he explained that it could mean 12 different things, depending on the inflection. This is surely a good reason to encourage foreign born Americans to maintain their language and act as ambassadors in world understanding and communication. Every English-speaking child knows that a pig goes "oink, oink.
They go "ood ood"- in a rather high voice, at that. Anyway, that's the way Thais hear it. Animals-other than parrots, at least-don't really speak the languages of the nations they inhabit. But it turns out that people in different countries hear animals quite differently. Each language has a collection of animal sounds that tends to reveal more about the local culture than about the creatures themselves. Dogs go "bow wow," or something equally expansive, in places where large hounds have long been popular.
But they tend to go "yip," or the equivalent, in areas frequented by minia-ture poodles and the like. To the American ear, a duck goes "quack quack.
Ball explains that each language has a distinct system of sounds, like a painters palette that differs from those of other artists. Portuguese, for instance, has nasal vowels that English lacks; therefore to people in Portugal, dogs bark in nasal vowels. People from around the world send in words for animal sounds, which Ball, having earned a Ph. Sometimes speakers of the same language disagree on entries, whether due to differences in generations, dialects or opinion. Some supposed animal sounds get pretty strange. It also contains gaps: English has no rendition of elephant sounds, but in Chilean Spanish, an elephant goes "prraaahhh prrraaaahhh.
Escorted by lamplight through the adobe house, guests will step back in time to a Mexican-style Christmas in and experience the pastorelas. Live music and refreshments included. Tickets go on sale Nov. Space is limited; reservations required. Mexican Who Lived a Century and a Quarter. Associated Press Night Report. I'm sure this death must have occurred in Salinas, spelling in this article is Salias. He came from Sonora, Mex. Don Emigdio was born here in and had spent all the years of his life. Old Teodore Verdugo died yesterday on the remnant of the great rancho granted to his soldier father by the King of Spain for his services in the Spanish army.
Teodore inherited the rancho upon which he was born. He married and raised a family of children - nine. They are all there yet on the rancho, with the exception of one daughter, who is married to Vicente Figueroa. After the gringo came, all the enormous ranchos of the early days were broken up, and this went the way of the others. It used to extend from Verdugo down to where the canneries stand by the river. Teodore was one of the last of the old ranchero princes of the soil. Children and grand-children of the proudest old families of early California gathered last night, in the old Spanish way, to sit through the night with the dead body of old Francisco Cota.
This old man who died last Friday was one of the last of the old Spanish dons who ruled like kings over the vast estates of California before the gringo came. His family is one of the most distinguished in early California history, and his was an honorable part in the family annals. Francisco Cota was over 90 when he died. He was born in Los Angeles on one of the enormous ranchos; the hacienda was about the spot where the Roman Catholic cathedral at Main and Second streets, now stands, next door to the cathedral, they say.
His father was Guillermo Cota, one of the emigrants from Spain, who were organized in Sinaloa and came north to found the little pueblo that has become Los Angeles. The family became social leaders in the gorgeous life of the early Spanish land princes. Money was loaned back and forth on the simple word of a man. In those simple-hearted proud days, the Cotas used to go to the pioneer stores and fling down a handful of gold pieces with the order to send out as much as that would buy.
For security on large sums of money, it was sometimes a custom to take a hair of the debtor's head as a delicate compliment, implying that his word and one little hair as reminder was enough to insure payment of any sum. The Cotas used to give barbecues and fiestas that lasted for weeks at a time, visiting back and forth between the Lugos, the Del Valles, the Sepulvedas, the Verdugos and many other of the old families. Francisco Cota from boyhood was a magnificent horseman and became a typical Spanish grandee, proud, honorable and recklessly brave.
At the death of his father, he inherited a vast estate with parts of several famous ranches, La Ballona, Cerritos, Los Coyotes. His brother, Leonardo Cota became one of the foremost men in the history of Southern California; he was one of the early alcaldes of Los Angeles in it most strenuous days. It was largely through Leonard Cota and the brother who now lie dead, that the haciendas of the Spanish were opened socially to the early gringos.
His sister was the wife of old Don Manuel Dominguez whose grandsons are Frank, Ralph and Bob Dominguez, well known in this city's business life. Cota in fact was one of the most picturesque features of that battle. He was one of the pure-blooded Spanish and was a pronounced blond in complexion. This so impressed Stockton's sailors that they were convinced he must be an American held captive by the Mexicans and raised a fund among themselves to try to accomplish his freedom.
Cota often used to tell his grandchildren how the vaqueros rode down the sailors with their plunging horses. The old cannon now planted at Commercial and Main streets, and resting at the Courthouse are souvenirs of that battle. One of the great events of the early social life here was the marriage of Francisco Cota to one of the daughters of Machado of the Machado rancho. The surviving children are, Mrs. Vicenta Yorba of Yorba station; Mrs.
Tadeo Botiller of No. Teofilo Valdez of Hollywood; Mrs. Ramona Olivera of The Palms; Mrs. The old don was clear in mind up to the time of his death. Until four or five years ago he used to ride his horse with the younger men. For about two years he has been suffering with cancer of the mouth. He bore his terrible suffering with proud patience, and without complaint.
He died at the house of his daughter, Mrs. Botiller last Saturday night. The funeral services will be held this morning at 10 o'clock at St. The funeral will be a representative gathering of the old Spanish families. Where monarchs have trod within the hushed walls of the little cemetery of the Santa Barbara Mission, the remains of another whose name is entwined with the romantic. Sepulveda was 63 years of age and was a descendant of one of the oldest Spanish families of Southern California, which traced its line from Jose de La Guerra, who came to California years ago, and who was one of the wealthiest of Spanish dons, having owned at one time , acres of land.
The late Judge Sepulveda died four years ago. He was well known as a jurist and lawyer and served as Charge d'Affaires for the United States in Mexico City for two terms. Besides her daughter, who was formerly Miss Conchita Sepulveda, Mrs. Sepulveda is survived by four sisters, Mrs. Bert Rico, Mrs. Anita de la Guerra, Mrs. Georgia West and Mrs. Andres Machado, one of the last of the old clan of real California dons, who used to feast and race their horses on their great ranchos in Southern California when Los Angeles was but a pueblo, will be laid to rest today in a tiny plot of the ground that was part of the 17, acres his father received as a grant from the King of Spain.
The year-old descendant of the Machados will be interred in the family plot in Woodlawn Cemetery following services from St. Augustine's in Culver City at 9 a. Father O'Donnell will officiate. Machado died in Riverside last Thursday following complications which developed when he received accidental burns on his ranch at Arlington a short time previously. Jose Juan Machado, a brother of Jefferson Boulevard, Culver City, the only immediate relative, recounted last night some of the instances that made Andres an outstanding figure in the early life of Los Angeles.
Lucky Baldwin. Baldwin he believed he had seven horses that could beat anything in the Baldwin stables in a relay race. The whole countryside came to Los Angeles, or rather to the outskirts, where Exposition Park now is, when Mr. Baldwin accepted the Machado challenge for a race. Everyone around saw that famous race - the fourteen horses, running in rival pairs, tearing along neck-and-neck for most of the way. In later years, however, he moved to his Arlington ranch. His mother was Romona Sepulveda, a member of a California family that was equally as prominent as the Machados.
The old ranch house in which I am writing was built by the padres of San Luis Ray Mission as a home for the vaqueros who guarded their immense herds of horses and horned cattle. In the little valley below the hill is the pathway over which the gallant Juan Bautista de Anza marched when he made the first trip across the plains to California, bringing the first pioneer mothers.
In the little hidden canyon across the way there are ghosts and echoes. It is called Massacre Canyon, where the outraged Cahuillas slew a band of marauding Mojaves who had come from the Colorado to steal their stock. Pico's first name is Dolores. She is a proud and beautiful woman. Her brother was Martin Aguirre, the most honorable man I have ever known. Her father was Jose Antonio Aguirre, whose ships brought the shawls from China and the laces from Peru to adorn the lovely belles of early California. Pico's mother was Rosaria Estudillo, grand-daughter of the first Estudillo, a Spanish navy officer who came to take command of the old presidio at Monterey.
Rosaria Estudillo was one of the most beautiful women in California - or anywhere else. Pico remembers when two young cattle rustlers were caught by the Sheriff for stealing and slaughtering a steer. They were well on the way to prison but she saved them. Kill one of her steers? Certainly, why not? If one was hungry why not kill a steer. There were plenty of steers.
That was the old California way.
Years afterward she was in San Francisco on a visit. Came to her hotel a messenger with a magnificent bouquet of roses marked simply: "From the boys who ate your steer. She goes to Arizona and buys cattle to be brought back to the lush meadows of Casa Loma to be fattened for the market. She says that the cattle business has changed now. Butchers will buy no cattle that are not "pen fed. So she has to feed them on oil cake and straw and molasses. In it was a cemetery. All over the ranch they dig up metates where the Indian women bent their aching backs to grind acorns into flour.
Not long ago a vaquero on the ranch dug up an amazing relic - a very ancient Roman coin. No one can imagine how it got there. The next time I come out I am to have atole, an old Aztec dish of which I am fond. At Casa Loma the rush and hectic worries of life seem to melt away and a sweet sense of peach steals over you and you hypnotize yourself into the belief that the gringoes have not yet come and the lovely quiet old days live again.
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the film "Boulevard Nights". The movie poster had a person dressed in a white shirt and khaki pants with low rider cars. On the poster it read, "Everything happens on the boulevard and the boulevard happens at night. The movie was controversial for its stereotypes of Latinos and the community.
I wanted to create a project about the movie so my students would be able to use their critical thinking skills to discuss the myth and realities of the movie. It was important for the students to address such topics as: Latinos, East Los Angeles, gender roles and gangs. I had done this once before during my second year of teaching at San Gabriel Mission High School.
The show offended some people because the star was the late Freddie Prinze who lived in his van in the garage. Also, the title of the show caused concern; as Chico in Spanish slang can mean little boy and the "man" could be defined as the white boss. My students watched the show every week and critiqued the stereotypes and realities of the show. They were all unhappy how Latinos and East Los Angeles were portrayed on the program. As a teacher, I wanted to take my students to the next level in the learning process. I contacted the producers of the show and asked if we could visit the set and discuss the program with the actors.
They agreed and we went to the NBC studios in Burbank. The actors Freddie Prinze and Jack Albertson along with producer Michael Pressman stated that the program was to entertain and didn't present any negative stereotypes. My students strongly disagreed with them and I was proud of their views. The "Chico and the Man" experience taught me that it was not enough to have students angry in class, but they also needed a positive outlet for their frustrations.
So in , my students started going to see the movie "Boulevard Nights" and were very unhappy with it. They all felt it was a gang film that didn't accurately portray the community. There was no denial that gangs existed there, but they were a minority. They complained in that there were so few positive Latino role models in films or in any aspect of popular culture. It is important to put the Roosevelt students in a historical context.
Many of the students also remembered Watergate and the Nixon resignation. The INS raids were also becoming more of a common occurrence in the community. I decided to be pro-active and to bring people to Roosevelt High School who were involved with the movie. I was a little nervous contacting him and expected to speak to his secretary. Instead, he answered the phone and my heart dropped. I told him about my project and he quickly agreed to speak to my students.
It was important to have one of the actors from the movie speak to my students and I called the Screen Actors Guild for their agents' phone numbers. The only one who would talk to me was the man who represented the female co-star Marta Dubois. I told him about the project and the agent told me that Dubois would not be available. He changed his mind when I told him that she would be on a panel with Champlin. The last person I called was Desmond Nakano, who wrote the screenplay. He informed me that his father graduated from Roosevelt High School and agreed to speak to my class.
The idea was for Champlin and Dubois to speak one day and Nakano the next day. I told my students, and they were excited to address their concerns to the speakers. I met the film critic and the movie star in front of the school. There was electricity in the classroom as they sat down in front of my students. Marta Dubois spoke first and discussed her character in the movie without addressing the stereotypes. Champlain spoke next and said that "Boulevard Nights" was a correct portrayal because there are gang members in East Los Angeles. One of the first students to speak was Norma Acosta who had been very vocal in our discussions about the film.
She had never heard of Champlain and told him how he was wrong about the film and East Los Angeles. The Los Angeles Times critic seemed surprised by her comments, and I assumed that most people were not so direct with him. He responded to Norma and other students by reaffirming his belief about the themes in the film. During the discourse, Marta Dubois remained quiet. The next day we discussed the speakers, and they were disappointed that an important film critic knew very little about their community. The last speaker was the screenwriter Desmond Nakano. He began his talk by telling us that his father graduated from the school and spent six months researching the movie by "hanging out" on Whittier Boulevard.
He started off by telling the students that Boulevard Nights was a gang film! Nakano told us that if he had written an East Los Angeles love story, the studio would have moved the location to West Los Angeles with white actors. My students were all taken back by his honest comments. The next day, I asked my students to write about what they had learned from this project. They wrote that they were now more critical of Latino films and of film critics. The students now understood the impact a movie has on people who don't know Latinos and East Los Angeles.
I said to my students that the issues of stereotypes of Latinos and East Los Angeles are ongoing problems. They agreed and felt it was important to explain to people the realities of their lives. It is always important to understand these complex issues in political terms. This project allowed my students to reaffirm their pride in their ethnic identity, their community, and create new avenues to be good critical thinkers. So many issues have changed in the last 25 years but it is important to understand and appreciate the recent past.
I believe my great-grandfather Gonzales is on the right wearing the mechanics uniform. Siriaco Peter Gonzales is my great-grandfather. He migrated to Azusa from Aguascalientes, Mexico around Peter started his business as a bicycle repairman before By his business became an auto garage. My grandfather Antonio Tony Gonzales owned the business until the late 's. The building, property and setting are still in dire jeopardy! It's Christmas time and time for our traditional open house.
We will be serving hors d'oeuvres and hot cider. Don't forget to bundle up in your winter wear 'cause it is cold in this old adobe. This volume presents something never before available - a detailed index to births, marriages and deaths in Los Angles and orange counties at a time when there were no public birth or death records. Data on almost 8, events has been compiled from 26 different public and private sources in seven different repositories.
These sources can be grouped into nine basic record types:. Eldredge, Note: Includes much general California history. Lengthy notes, numbered in brackets, are in a separate section, and contain much history and genealogy. The complete text of the book, no illustrations. Copyright, by Zoeth S. Eldredge, San Francisco. Printed By John C. All Rights Reserved. Davis against E. Aguilar against Esmerijildo Aguilar. On April 20 the Senora Ascencion Serrano de Valenzuela died in this city, and yesterday Arnulfo Valenzuela, a son, applied in court for letters of administration. There are nine children, all well advanced in manhood and womanhood, and a host of grandchildren.
After living in Chile for several years an in apparent ignorance of the rapid increase in value of ten acres of land at Santa Monica, formerly belonging to the family, the heirs of Mrs. Francisca Pena have returned to this city in the hope of securing a portion of the estate, which has long since been settled. A petition will be filed in the Superior Court by Attorney H.
Roser, asking that a decree of distribution be set aside and other equitable relief be granted to the alleged rightful heirs. It is charged that agents of the Penas deliberately neglected to inform them of the real value of the land in question, and permitted its sale at a low figure. Pena, one of the Marquez family, inherited the ten acres from her mother, a member of the aristocratic Valenzuela family. She also owns four lots in Santa Monica. The Penas went to Chile and in that country, Mrs. Pena died in Either by the family's neglect, or that of its agent, the land was advertised to be sold for taxes.
Later the estate went into the hands of the public administrator. Finally the court appointed P. Ballido administrator of the estate. Now that they have returned to this city, they say they will not accept the beggardly little sum in the hands of the County Auditor, and they are preparing to reopen all the probate proceedings. Fraud is alleged, and the plaintiff's attorney promises some sensational developments.
Ex-Soldier Wins Daughter of Dons. Formal announcement will be made this afternoon that Miss Valerie Carson, grand-daughter of the late Mrs. Victoria D. Hanrahan, Jr. The happy news will be told at an informal tea for about forty of Miss Valerie's friends at the home of her parents, Mr. John M. Carson, on the original Dominguez Rancho. The romance of the young daughter of the dons grew from a childhood friendship that developed into deeper feeling during the dark days of the war, when Miss Carson was busy with canteen and Red Cross work and Mr.
Hanrahan wore the uniform of the United States Army. The engagement announcement comes only a short time after his discharge at the Presidio of San Francisco from the motor transport service. No date for the wedding has been set. Carson is to be hostess at this afternoon's informal tea, at which her daughters, Miss Valerie and Miss Gladys, are to be the honorees.
The latter is to leave for Santa Barbara in July. The Dominguez family, of which the bride-to-be is a member, is one of the most notable Spanish families of America. It dates back to days before the Armada in Spain. Cristobal Dominguez, a Spaniard of noble lineage, received the original grant of 52, acres, including the present California rancho, from the King of Spain as a reward for valor in battle. He sent his son Manuel to manage the estate for him, and in Manuel Dominguez built the original home of the family here.
Some 30, acres of the original grant yet remain in hands of his descendants. One of these, a daughter, Mrs. Three other daughters of Manuel Dominguez are living - Mrs. John F. Francis, Mrs. Dolores Watson and Mrs. Gregory del Amo, who resides in Spain. Gregorio Del Amo, her husband, was at the beside sic when she passed away at 6 a.
Senora Del Amo, for some time had been in failing health and her death was declared the result of sickness brought on by advanced age. Senora Del Amo was born in on the Dominguez hacienda, which included originally 52, acres. The Dominguez family dates back to the time preceding the Spanish Armada. In the San Pedro or Dominguez rancho was in the possession of Juan Jose Dominguez who owned about head of cattle.
The rancho comprised ten and one-half leagues. After the death of Juan Jose, the property was granted by Gov. Pablo of Sola, on December 31, , to Sergt. Cristobal Dominguez, nephew and heir of Juan Jose. His death three years later brought about another change in ownership at which time the estate came under the management of his son, Don Manuel Dominguez, then about 20 years of age. Don Manuel was an administrator as well a man of knowledge and culture.
In the family rancho was apportioned between him and his brother, Don Pedro, and his nephews, Jose Antonio Aguirre and Jacinto Rocha. On this property he built his home and October 11, , when 79, died. He was followed in death a few months later by his widow. Of the ten children born to them only six daughters were left. With the death of Senora Del Amo, only one direct descendant of the original Dominguez family remains alive. She is Mrs. Francis of this city. The homestead on which she was born adjoins this seminary, which is controlled by the Claretian Fathers, the same order that has the Plaza Church and the San Gabriel Mission.
The land surrounding the seminary was given to the Claretian Fathers approximately five years ago by Mrs. Dolores Watson, Mrs. Del Amo and Mrs. Senora Del Amo led a retired life. She kept only a small circle of intimate friends. She maintained a home in Spain and divided her time between this country and the home of her ancestors.
She had lived at the Westchester Place home for approximately seven years before her death. Gregorio Del Amo, her husband, is a graduate of the University of Madrid and comes of a noted family. He distinguished himself recently when he presented gifts to the University of Madrid, the University of Southern California and the University of California at Los Angeles. Funeral services, conducted by Cunningham and O'Connor, will be at the homestead at a. Requiem mass will be conducted at a. Rosary for Leo Domingo Carrillo, 63, member of the early California Carrillo family and cousin of Leo Carrillo, actor, will be recited at p.
Colonial Mortuary. Requiem Mass will be celebrated tomorrow at 9 a. Teresa's Church, Glendale and Fargo St. He died Wednesday in his home, N Benton Way. He leaves his widow, Mrs. Helen Carrillo; two sisters, Mrs. Earnestina Cordero of Santa Barbara and Mrs. For the first time, Salt Lake City's school enrollment numbers show that minority students are now the majority.
Fifty-one percent of Salt Lake students are minorities. They speak 82 different languages and are from nearly different countries. Such diversity brings with it both a price and a bonus, and it has shaped schools and programs that are unique from those in neighboring areas. Students at Mountain View speak 23 different languages. Minorities make up 86 percent of the student body.
Erlacher said some children attending the school have been slaves in other countries, have watched family members killed and have been victims of violence due to extreme poverty and war. But he said he can't think of a better place to work. Salt Lake City is not alone in its high numbers. Ogden has a 49 percent minority rate and will most likely join Salt Lake City on the majority side next year.
But Salt Lake City is not the first district in the state to hit 50 percent. According to enrollment figures, the minority numbers in other Utah districts trail by substantial margins. Granite was at 28 percent, Murray 16 percent and Jordan and Davis hovered a slightly more than 9 percent. Percentages typically go up about 2 percent each year. Nancy McCormick, principal of Salt Lake City's Escalante Elementary, said diversity carries with it huge advantages, though the numbers aren't something to which she pays a lot of attention.
Her school is at 72 percent. She said Escalante emphasizes respect for differences, which gets students interested in other children's background — creating prime learning opportunities. Teachers work with world maps, using geography to show where other students are from. As classes they learn about different religions, clothing, customs and history, all from the first-hand experiences of other students.
Nevertheless, it also poses challenges that have often been answered at the district level. Communication is the major hurdle. In some Salt Lake schools nearly half the pupils are classed as English as a Second Language students or English language learners — and English is often not spoken at all in the home. Research shows that if parents are involved with their children's education, students do better.
But many parents are unable to navigate the school system, don't speak any English or don't understand how public education works. They often shy away or don't understand that they have a place in their child's education, McCormick said. The district has addressed some communication issues by creating a translation department where both district staff and contracted translators help make newsletters, notes, and documents friendly to all backgrounds. They send translators to parent-teacher conferences, meetings and other events where they are needed.
And they contact families individually to inform them about how to participate in parent-teacher conference and other activities. Jason Olsen, spokesman for Salt Lake District, said the biggest change made to support the district's diverse population requires that all new teachers have their ESL endorsement.
Franklin Elementary leads the district with a 93 percent minority rate. And principal Dahila Cordova said that overall diversity has proven to be a plus in every way. Extract of information from another article concerning the event. But that didn't seem to matter.
Geoffrey Montague, St. George, praised the presentation of the different cultures, the pageantry and beautiful music. He does not speak Spanish. About 31 percent of Mormons worldwide speak Spanish, compared with 5.
The third most frequent language spoken by Mormons is Portuguese, which 7. The 4. Hispanic Presence in Oregon Ron Jaramillo ron losjaramillos. The early migration came primarily from southern Texas and people who were following the farm crops. The growth now is more difficult to pinpoint and is more "across the board" in terms of socio-economic status.
They still have the legislated mandate to operate but they are without the funding. This points out at least two issues: 1 the Oregon Legislature is still clueless as to the current and future impacts of Latinos in Oregon, and 2 we need to further educate our legislators about our presence, and 3 we have more work to build a viable and visible block of voters. Ron Gonzales ron losjaramillos. Mexican Flag Controversy. Criticism over a Mexican flag displayed in a classroom has led school officials in Denver to create a policy that says the display of foreign banners must be temporary and related to what is being taught in class.
Administrators at North High School, where almost 85 percent of the student body is Hispanic, received complaints over a photograph that appeared in the Rocky Mountain News. The photo showed a Mexican flag displayed next to the American flag in a classroom. Teacher Andrew Fox said he simply wanted his Latino students to feel more welcome. Source: Hispanic, October Gathering additional colonists from towns and villages along the way, the final count was people when they finally reached the Spanish Presidio of Tubac in the Pimeria Alta of which Anza was Captain. The Mexican portion of the Anza Trail Colonization tour will cover all the villages from which colonists originated.
If your ancestors were among the colonists in or if they followed a similar route or if you are interested in Spanish Colonial history, this tour was meant for you! Our tour ends in Nogales, although the bus will be making stops in Tucson and Phoenix on March 14 th for those making airline connections.
At the present time there are a few seats left. Come join us on this extraordinary historical tour. Teachers can now download this exciting educational resource here. You will need a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the book! Charles Young African-American soldiers built the majority of the first trail to the top of Mt. In , the 9th Cavalry was actually stopped from completing the trail due to boulders. Because they were African- American, they weren't allowed to use any explosives. A civilian crew "finished" the job, taking credit for the trail's accomplishment.
To many Americans, the vivacious young woman smiling into the gilded mirror might seem easily recognizable as a black woman. But like many Hispanics here, Ms.
Mendez views race through a decidedly different lens. In her home country, the Dominican Republic, she is known as "india," or Indian, a term often used for people of mixed race who do not have indigenous roots. If she were asked to describe herself in the United States census, she says she would choose the racial category selected by nearly 15 million Hispanics in "some other race. Mendez, a year-old hair stylist who has lived in the United States for nine years. But census officials are now hoping to eliminate the option from the questionnaire in an effort to encourage Hispanics to choose one or more of five standard racial categories: white, black, Asian, American Indian or Alaska native, or a category that includes natives of Hawaii and the Pacific Islands.
Census officials say the proposed change, which is expected to remain under consideration until , would improve the accuracy of the nation's racial data because federal agencies typically rely on data from the standard racial groups to make statistical calculations about race. But the proposal to eliminate the category, which was used almost exclusively by Hispanics in the census, has already stirred a furious debate among Hispanic advocacy groups, statisticians and officials over how the nation's largest minority group should be defined racially.
If approved, the shift would be the first time since that officials have eliminated a racial category from the census, Census Bureau officials say. Critics say the change would ignore the evolving views of race emerging in communities across the country as immigration from Latin America has surged in recent decades. Nearly 40 million Hispanics - almost half of them immigrants - live in the United States and many embrace a kaleidoscope of racial identities that transcends traditional notions of black and white.
In the census, 48 percent of Hispanics described themselves as white and 2 percent as black. Six percent identified themselves as belonging to two or more of the standard racial categories. And 42 percent chose "some other race," with the vast majority writing in responses like Hispanic, Latino or geographic backgrounds like Mexican, Puerto Rican or Dominican. Carlos Chardon, chairman of the Census Bureau's Hispanic advisory committee and an opponent of the proposed change, said census officials were ignoring America's shifting racial realities by trying to force Latinos to choose one or more of the standard categories.
Chardon said. In the MARS file, census officials assign a race to those who select "some other race'' and include them in standard racial groups to accommodate federal agencies that do not use the ambiguous racial category. Federal agencies use estimates from the MARS files to track population and birth and mortality rates among other things. Census demographers look for clues to make such determinations, checking to see whether relatives are listed in standard racial categories and checking neighborhood demographics.
Census officials say the process is flawed and needs changing, even though they understand that sociologists and advocacy groups want to continue tracking and studying Hispanics who choose the "some other race" category. Waite said. We would prefer not to do it. It doesn't seem wise to me that we would put at risk the racial statistics of the nation in order to answer an interesting sociological question. Removing the option would increase the number of Hispanics who would include themselves in traditional racial groups and would probably increase the number of those who would identify themselves as white, census officials say.
But it would also increase the number of Latinos who would simply refuse to respond to the race question, according to recent tests conducted by the Census Bureau. Officials have to guess the race of individuals who do not respond, and an increase in those numbers could lead to inaccuracies in data files used to monitor voting rights and civil rights enforcement, said Roderick J. Harrison, a demographer at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, a research group in Washington that studies issues of concern to blacks.
He said mistakes in categorizing the race of Hispanics who do not respond to the race question could result in inaccurate tallies of blacks, whites or other racial groups in a given community, a major worry for those concerned about redistricting and civil rights issues. Harrison, who headed the racial statistics unit at the Census Bureau from to Waite and Mr. Harrison on this subject grew so heated that Mr.
Harrison was asked to resign from the committee. Harrison was forced out for challenging the Census Bureau's conclusions, a charge that Mr. Waite denies. The dispute highlights the difficulties the Census Bureau has encountered over the decades as it has struggled to find a racial home for Hispanics living in this country. In , the census introduced a racial category called Mexican, which was intended to capture the growing number of Hispanics in Southwestern states. But it was dropped in , and by census officials were instructing its interviewers to record "Puerto Ricans, Mexicans or other person of Latin American descent as white unless they were definitely of Negro, Indian or other nonwhite race.
By , the category was largely Hispanic, reflecting, in part, the increased immigration from Latin America. At Arelis Beauty Salon, Ms. Mendez and her colleaguesmarveled at the differences between the Dominican and American racial palettes as they styled hair and waxed eyebrows and debated whether the census reflected their racial identities. Zunilda Diaz, 48, said she would describe herself as white even though her mother is a dark-skinned woman who would be considered black in the United States.
Nelly de la Rosa, who is 33 and has chocolate brown skin, said she would choose "some other race. Voiceless because they blend into Mexican communities but don't speak Spanish, these immigrants are nevertheless res i lient and are beginning to form networks throughout me state to help themselves, Lopez said. More than health professionals, community clinic workers, police officers, city officials and North County residents gathered inside the San Marcos Community Center yesterday to address the needs of this community.
Organizers said at least 20, Oaxacan immigrants live in North County. They all come from the same southern Mexican state, but depending on whether they originate from the central valley, the highlands or the isthmus of Oaxaca, they may speak any one of more than distinct languages. Her group partnered with two North - County based immigrants rights groups, the Coalition of Indigenous Communities of Oaxaca and the Frente Indigena Oaxaqueno Binacional, to organize the even t.
A stream of indigenous leaders Who have gone from naive immigrants to community activists spoke. A Mixtec man who was wrongly imprisoned in Oregon because he couldn't speak Spanish or English but now is a community organizer and has the ear of lawmakers told workshop attendees to become leaders. A Mixtec woman who was teased in school growing up started her own immigrants rights group in Vista.
A Mixtec man who raises medicinal herbs in a Vista community garden encouraged participants to honor indigenous cures. Presenters from Oxnard, a California city that is having success integrating the immigrants into daily U. North County needs translators to help the most l y Mixtec-and Zapotec-speaking immigrants in court appearances and to make sure their children are correct l y placed in schoo l. A follow-up workshop is scheduled for March.
This 2 year old project is getting to the point where we will have the complete California Indian Census online for you. At this point, May 4 , we sorted the database by county and last name. If you are searching for your family here, scroll down until you find the last name. I am writing from a Salvadoran perspective. En El Salvador tenemos un lago y una ciudad con nombre parecido —Coatepeque. Se pueden encontrar muchos ejemplos como este. Nuestro Coatepeque quiere decir —cerro de la culebra; Siguatepeque —cerro de la mujer; y Cojutepeque, que durante un tiempo fue la capital de la republica en el siglo 19, significa "cerro de las pavas.
Los pipiles de Nahuizalco dicen shuca para decir "el llora" y los pipiles de Izalco dicen shuga. Tutecu es el nombre pipil para decir Dios. Alguien entonces le dijo, "Pero usted no habla el hopi. Sus poesias tratan de las vanidades e inestabilidad de la vida humana. Es cierto que en la tierra uno vive?
Schmal The Aztec Empire of was the most powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of all time. The multi-ethnic, multi-lingual realm stretched for more than 80, square miles through many parts of what is now central and southern Mexico. The Valley of Mexico, which became the heartland of the Aztec civilization, is a large internally-drained basin which is surrounded by volcanic mountains, some of which reach more than 3, meters in elevation.
My understanding of the Mexica Indians and the Aztec Empire has been greatly augmented by the works of the anthropologist Professor Michael E. Smith of the University of New York. Professor Smith has written several books about the central Mexican Indians, including The Aztecs and Aztec Imperial Strategies, which I have used as primary sources for this article. The growth of the Mexica Indians from newcomers and outcasts in the Valley of Mexico to the guardians of an extensive empire is the stuff that legends are made of.
Many people, however, are confused by the wide array of terms designating the various indigenous groups that lived in the Valley of Mexico. The popular term, Aztec, has been used as an all-inclusive term to describe both the people and the empire. Legend states that the Mexica Indians originally came to the Valley of Mexico from a region in the northwest, popularly known as Atzlan-Chicomoztoc.
The name Aztec, in fact, is believed to have been derived from this ancestral homeland, Aztlan The Place of Herons. According to legend, they had offended their patron god Huitzilopochtli by cutting down a forbidden tree. As a result, the Mexica were condemned to leave Aztlan and forced to wander until they received a sign from their gods, directing them to settle down permanently. The land of Atzlan was said to have been a marshy island situated in the middle of a lake.
Some historians actually consider the names "Chicomoztoc" and "Aztlan" to be two terms for the same place, and believe that the island and the seven caves are simply two features of the same region. For nearly five centuries, popular imagination has speculated about the location of the legendary Aztlan. Some people refer to Aztlan as a concept, not an actual place that ever existed. However, many historians believe that Aztlan did exist. Many people have speculated that the ancestral home of the Aztecs lay in California, New Mexico or in the Mexican states of Sonora and Sinaloa.
The idea that Sinaloa, Sonora, California, and New Mexico might be the site of Aztlan is a very plausible explanation when historical linguistics have been considered. On the other hand, if one observes the locations of the indigenous people who spoke the Uto-Aztecan languages, all of their lands lay to the northwest of the Valley of Mexico. The northern Uto-Aztecans occupied a large section of the American Southwest.
It is reasonable to assume that where there is a linguistic relationship there is most likely also a genetic relationship. Thus, it is highly likely that the legendary Aztlan was located in northwestern Mexico or the Southwestern United States. It is important to note, however, that the Aztlan migrations were not one simple movement of a single group of people. Instead, as Professor Smith has noted, "when all of the native histories are compared, no fewer than seventeen ethnic groups are listed among the original tribes migrating from Aztlan and Chicomoztoc.
The second group, including the Tlahuica of Morelos, the Matlatzinca of Toluca Valley, the Tlaxcalans of Tlaxcala, the Huexotzinca of Puebla, and the Malinalca of Malinalco, migrated to the surrounding valleys. The last to arrive, around A. As the late arrivals in the Valley of Mexico, the Mexica were forced by other groups in the valley to take refuge on two islands near the western shore of Lake Texcoco one of the five lakes in the area.
The Mexica were welcomed to Chapultepec by the Tepanec leader of city-state of Azcapotzalco on the understanding that they would work as both mercenaries and laborers. However, around , the Mexica were ejected from Chapultepec by the Tepanecs. When the Mexicas first arrived in the Valley of Mexico, the whole region was occupied by some forty city-states altepetl is the Nahua term. These city-states - which included the Tepanecs, Coatlinchans, Cholcos, Xochimilcos, Cholulas, Tlaxcalans and Huexotzincas - were engaged in a constant and continuing battle for ascendancy in the Valley.
On a small island, the Mexica finally found their promised omen when they saw a cactus growing out of a rock with an eagle perched atop the cactus.
The Mexica high priests thereupon proclaimed that they had reached their promised land. As it turns out, the site turned out to be a strategic location, with abundant food supplies and waterways for transportation. The Mexica became highly efficient in their ability to develop a system of dikes and canals to control the water levels and salinity of the lakes. Using canoes and boats, they were able to carry on commerce with other cities along the valley lakes. And, comments Professor Smith, "the limited access to the city provided protection against military attack. One of Huitzilihuitl's major accomplishments was the establishment of successful marriage alliances with a number of powerful dynasties.
Lower ranking kings would endeavor to marry the daughters of more powerful and important kings. A marriage established at least an informal alliance between the polities and was a public acknowledgement of the dominant status of the more powerful king. Soon after, the combined force of the Triple Alliance was able to defeat Azcapotzalco.
Later that year, Culhuacan and Huitzilopochco were defeated by the Alliance. A string of victories continued in quick succession, with the defeat of Xochimilco in , Ixtapalapan in , and Mixquic in Hodge, "was the southeastern portion occupied by the Chalca confederation. The hostilities with the Chalca city-states were resolved only through conquering this area piecemeal, between and Professor Smith, quoting the words of the anthropologist Robert McCormick Adams, writes that "A defining activity of empires is that they are 'preoccupied with channeling resources from diverse subject polities and peoples to an ethnically defined ruling stratum.
The Aztec tributary provinces, according to Professor Frances F. Berdan, were "scattered throughout central and southern Mexico, in highly diverse environmental and cultural settings. Such tribute may have taken many forms, including textiles, warriors' costumes, foodstuffs, maize, beans, chiles, cacao, bee honey, salt and human beings for sacrificial rituals. Aztec society was highly structured, based on agriculture, and guided by a religion that pervaded every aspect of life. The Aztecs worshipped gods that represented natural forces that were vital to their agricultural economy.