The Flower family assumed residency of Castle Durrow in and continued to expand and improve their Estate on various occasions during their year reign. Past research indicates that the Ashbrooks were generally regarded as benevolent landlords and of course the largest. In the banks finally foreclosed and the Flower family was forced to relocate back to Britain. Subsequently, the property was sold to Mr.
Maher of Freshford, Co Kilkenny who was primarily interested in the rich timber reserves of the Estate. By the old hard wood forests of Durrow were scarce. Eventually the Land Commission divided up the arable portions of the property and the Forestry Department took over many of the woods for further plantation.
During this time the great manor house which stood in a commanding position near the town overlooking the beautiful River Erkina remained entirely empty for a few years. The Bank of Ireland acquired the town and consequently for the next 40 years house property in Durrow was purchased from that bank. The advent of a school at Castle Durrow was testimony to the fact that beautiful buildings of the past could be used in the modern world. Peter and Shelley Stokes bought the castle in and transformed it into the luxurious Castle Hotel it is today.
For more information please visit the Castle Durrow website. The Leslie Family can trace its ancestry back to Atilla the Hun. The Leslie family has lived on the Estate since You can find a complete history of Castle Leslie by clicking here. As a former home of John Jameson , it retains authentic granite walls and sash windows and has been carefully and stylishly renovated to create a wonderfully sumptuous and comfortable restaurant.
For more information please visit the Chapter One website. The history of Coopershill is, per se, the story of Simon O'Hara's family, the current owner of the house. The house was built for Simon's great, great, great, great grandfather and he is the seventh generation of the family to live here. However, they had not reckoned with the building of the bridge across the river; every time the foundation stones were laid by the river bed, the giant stones would sink into the soft mud.
The solution found was to place layers of fresh sheepskins under each stone, which would prevent them sinking. To this day the skins remain and the bridge is solid. The building of the house started in , under the supervision of one of the best known architects of the time, Francis Bindon, of Ennis in County Clare.
Experts can now look at the house and tell us that the builder changed somewhere near the top floor. The sandstone blocks, from which the outer stones were cut, were dragged by mules from a quarry 5 miles away; there still remains a wood on the estate named "the Mule Park", where the mules were stabled. The stones were shaped by masons working at the front of the house, and the chippings lie just 2 feet below the surface of the lawn.
It is clear by the positioning of the main staircase that the owners could not decide whether the entrance to the solid square shaped Georgian house should be through the north or south facing walls. The mansion took 19 years to build and was finally completed in The store of sovereigns must have been exhausted by this time, because there is evidence that much of the interior of the house was completed later; the design of the door casings, for example, was to be found only in London in the s, so these will have been added at a later date.
This he did by Royal Warrant in and looking for more luxury in Sligo, moved with his wife Annie to Annaghmore. He retained ownership of Coopershill, and left his two spinster sisters to continue living there. Arthur died in and Charles in Both were bachelors and they left their properties to Simon's Great Grandfather, Freddie. Frank had married an English woman, Joan Bridgeman, during his career of tea planting in India. A big attraction were the ponies in the stables at that time, and some families came year after year for the childrens' riding.
Frank died in , and Joan continued for another 4 years on her own, joining a growing group of owners of large manor houses from all over Ireland who could only keep their houses in shape with the aid of income generated by taking paying guests. Joan died in at home in Coopershill after 95 years of remarkable energy and boundless cheerfulness.
They came to set the standard for luxury accommodation in Co. They now live in a new stone house beside the stables. Simon is the latest custodian and inhabitant of Coopershill House. For more information please visit the Coopershill House website. A keen angler and shot he travelled much of Ireland to fulfil his sport not too easy in those days , and during the course of a visit to the West of Ireland decided to prospect for copper. This he found along the Hill of Doon Road. At much the same time he discovered lead on the other side of Oughterard. So encouraged was he that he moved to Galway and bought Merlin Park then a large house on the Eastern outskirts of Galway, now a Hospital from the Blake family and commenced mining.
As Galway was some distance from the mining activities he wanted a house closer to Oughterard. However a more romantic story says he won it and 28, acres in a game of cards.
These, the first on Corrib, delivered the ore to Galway and returned with goods and passengers stopping at the piers of various villages on the way. The present house was built in , suggesting a renewed wealth and success. A combination of British export law changes, and vast seems of copper ore discovered in Spain and South America, heralded the end of mining activity in Ireland. The family, who were fairly substantial land owners at this stage, got involved in various projects, from fish farming to turf production — inventing the briquette in the process.
Certainly Currarevagh was been run as a sporting lodge for paying guests by by the current owners great grandfather; indeed they have a brochure dated with instructions from London Euston Railway Station. This we believe makes it the oldest in Ireland; certainly the oldest in continuous ownership. This included Currarevagh, even though they were not absentee landlords and had bought all their land in the first place.
At one stage a non local cell of the Free Staters an early version of the IRA tried to blow up Currarevagh, planting explosive under what is currently the dining room. However the plan was discovered before hand, and the explosive made safe. From then on a member of the local IRA cell remained at the gates of Currarevagh to warn off any of the marauding out of towners, saying Currarevagh was not to be touched.
Evidently they were well integrated into the community, and indeed during the famine years it seems they did as much as they could to help alleviate local suffering. Indeed there is a famine graveyard on the estate; this was because the local people became too week to bring the dead to Oughterard. It is also one of the few burial grounds to contain a Protestant consecrated section. It did not sell, and eventually was pulled down in , leaving just Currarevagh House as it stands today.
In it was the first country house to open as a restaurant to none staying guests; still, of course, the situation today. For more information please visit the Currarevagh House website. Set in acres of beautiful parkland, Dunbrody Country House Hotel is an enchantingly intimate s Georgian manor. Ancestral home to the Chichester Family, the house has a long and well-established tradition of hospitality.
A warm reception awaits you at Dunbrody Country House - an oasis of tranquility located on the dramatic Hook Peninsula. Fresh flowers, Crackling log fires in period fireplaces, relaxed elegance, Dunbrody is a charming hotel with a character and atmosphere all of its own. Some unexpected treats as well like breakfast til Noon every day!
For more information please visit the Dunbrody House website. When the Barretts came to Crossmolina, they took over Enniscoe and built a castle on the site and also planted an orchard. It was captured by the Bourkes around The Barretts regained possession for a time after this and it was back in the hands of the Bourkes in The Bourkes remained in possession to the end of the 16th century. In the Jackson family took over Enniscoe and it has passed by inheritance through twelve generations of the family to the present owner , Susan Kellett.
She has now been joined by her son, Dj Kellett. Enniscoe House is a Georgian Country House. The Original House was built around and was a tall 3 stories over basement single gabled building of five bays. This house is perfectly preserved as it is incorporated into the present house. It is a two storey house, with five bay entrance front, having acentral window flanked by sidelights above a pedimented tripartite doorway with Doric columns and pilasters. There is a five bay side elevation. The family portraits, antique furniture, good food and wine, and a warm welcome, all contribute to the pleasant and relaxed atmosphere of this historic house.
The house is situated on the shores of Lough Conn, with attractive views of the lake across the parkland. The old walled garden has been restored, and one farmyard now houses a samll agricultural museum , tearoom and shop, and the genealogy centre that researches names and families of Mayo origin. For more information please visit the Enniscoe House website. Ghan House is an eighteenth century Georgian house built in by William Stannus, a politician from Dublin who was of Scottish descent.
The drawing room in the main house is actually an extension to the original property. Built in approximately , you can see from outside the differently sized windows. Also outside, just 20yds from the front door, is a hollow just before the pond. This was discovered 20 years ago when excavating the pond. Archaeologists think that is an ancient private bathing area. There is a tunnel linking this to the other lawn, probably to bring in the seawater. The kitchen also used to have a brick vaulted ceiling — taken out by the previous owners sadly.
Monks here used to bake bread in the brick oven and deliver it via the tunnel to the bakery. For more information please visit the Gregans Castle website. Hunters Hotel developed from a forge which was situated by the Vartry river at Newry Bridge in the mid s. There are still two ancient yew trees at the bottom of the hotel gardens by the river. The inn, which was part of the Ballinapark estate of the Tighe formerly Fownes family, was operated by a succession of landlords in the 18th century. The Rose family in the s, the Cole family in the s, and the Nolans in the early s.
The inn had been serving the old coach road to Dublin for many years when John Hunter, formerly a butler to the Tottenham family at Ballycurry House in nearby Ashford, took over the lease with his wife Catherine from the Nolans in c. Eventually the hotel passed from his son Robert to his grand daughter Sarah Hunter who ran the hotel for many years with the help of her mother Elizabeth and brother Charles Stewart Hunter, a god son and name sake of Charles Stewart Parnell, a frequent visitor.
Sarah died aged 91 in Sarah's sister Francis married Thomas Gelletlie, a watchmaker and jeweller from Wicklow. For more information please visit the Hunter's Hotel website. They spent a huge amount of money rebuilding Salmon Weirs at the falls of the river where drifting nets were positioned further downriver. The great quantities of fish caught here were taken to Killala Bay and transferred to bigger boats that were then exported to Dublin or Liverpool. The importation of such perishable goods required a great deal of ice, as did the operation of the two breweries to ensure year-round production of beer.
The current Ice House is a substantial two-storey Neo-Tudor double pile over three large cellars, and was constructed by Messrs. Little in The Previous Edition Ordnance Survey Map shows a large salmon fishery and icehouse on the location of the present building, and a number of similar structures along the river from Ballina to the mouth of the estuary. The one in Ballina formed part of the property of the Lindsey family and was at the time leased at an annual rental of seven pounds and ten shillings to John Little, presumably one of the Messrs.
Little who managed the salmon weirs. It would thus appear that the ice store incorporated within the house is older than the rest of the building. The Ice House in Ballina r etained function as an ice store subsequent to its incorporation into domestic residence. Even in its residential capacity, the building served a functional purpose: while the basement was used as a cold store for salmon exports, the rest of the house itself was used to accommodate the manager of the Moy Fishery Company.
The house is in a strategic location on the Quay, at the edge of the river, into which the ice vaults probably drained, and at right angles to the adjoining road. The road-facing elevation contains a large central archway for easy access into the vaults for the delivery and collection of ice.
The filling of the cellars was an annual event and involved every able-bodied person in town. During the winter, when the local lakes and ponds froze, farmers and quay workers would harvest the ice by breaking it into large chunks with pick axes and sledge hammers.
And invade they did. Like many of his class and generation, William Ryves, a bachelor, got into serious debt. In , Sir William was appointed Attorney-General of Ireland, an office that put him in intimate contact with the political elite. It is really from this point onwards that the upper classes began to enjoy the true privileges of wealth. O'Mara turned the orchard field into a walled garden of rare trees, azaleas, heather's and dwarf rhododendrons, which his children named 'the Secret Garden'. The third, Charles Pennefather, duly inherited Rathsallagh, and after his death, it passed to the fourth son, Frederick.
The chunks were conveyed on carts to the ice house, where they were crushed with long handled wooden mallets and thrown into the cellars. Owing to a gradual climate change, less and less ice was produced locally; by the s and s, only approximately one Winter in ten was cold enough to fill the cellars. One such Winter occurred in , and in December , the manager of the Moy Fisheries Company was unable to open the Ice House vaults for a supply a local ice for the first time in twelve years.
Harvesters were paid 6s. With the introduction of mechanical refrigeration, the Ice House fell into disuse as an ice store. It remained in residential use until , when the state acquired the assets of the Moy Fisheries. Domestic icehouses were a reasonably common feature of the larger landed estates but, following the advent of mechanical refrigeration, they fell into disuse and many are now in ruins.
For more information please visit the Ice House Hotel website. The King Sitric was established in , Aidan and Joan MacManus have earned an international reputation for fresh seafood in their harbour-side restaurant in the picturesque fishing village of Howth. In , they extensively rebuilt the old Harbour Master's house, relocating the restaurant to the first floor with panoramic sea-views, and adding eight guest bedrooms.
All the bedrooms, named after Lighthouses, are stunningly located overlooking Balscadden Bay. For more information please visit the King Sitric website. The house was built in by the Longfield family, who always maintained they were of French extraction and not Cromwellians. He fought beside the Catholics after the collapse of the Rebellion and forfeited the land to Cromwell. At this time, probably when Richard Longfield was created Baron Longueville in , the family changed the name to Longueville. Richard was later rewarded with a Viscountcy, probably receiving a large sum of money as compensation for losing his Parliamentary seat.
Longueville is typically late Georgian, with ornate Italian-designed ceilings, marble dining-room mantelpiece featuring a relief of Neptune in his chariot, rare, inlaid mahogany doors, and an unusual, full-height staircase. Longueville comes complete with tree plantations that resemble the battle lines at Waterloo — French on one side, English on the other. For more information please visit the Longueville House website. They would never have imagined that almost years later their Wexford home would become one of the most celebrated luxurious country house hotels in Ireland.
One of the leading luxury hotels in Wexford, Marlfield House is set on 35 acres of grounds and woodlands offering guests 4 star luxury and personal service in scenic surroundings. For more information please visit the Marlfield House website.
He lived in No. The most important of the four houses is, however, No.
The house is remembered historically as being the birthplace of Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington. During the course of the 18th century, Dublin was transformed from a mediaeval town into one of the finest Georgian cities in Europe. It was an exciting and vibrant time. Peace and stability in the country had given rise to great social and economic activity. Dublin became a thriving capital city with a glittering social scene. Architecture was one of the major outward expressions of this vigorous revival of spirit.
Dublin owes many of her great civic buildings to this era, and most of the imposing rosy brick streets and grand squares for which the city is famous were built at this time. Parallel with the burgeoning architecture, there was an upsurge in the intellectual life of the city. One of the results of this was the forming of the Dublin Society in The Society encouraged many different disciplines; it opened the Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin in and founded schools of drawing, ornament and architecture.
Large private houses and palatial public buildings provided the backdrop for a society enhanced by luminaries such as Dubliner Jonathan Swift , author of "Gulliver's Travels;" the composer Handel whose "Messiah" was first performed in Dublin in , Anglo-Irish playwright and novelist, Oliver Goldsmith The Vicar of Wakefield was published in , and Dublin-born dramatist Richard Sheridan , his "The School for Scandal" opened in Lord Mornington himself contributed to this revived interest in the arts.
In , he established a musical society for "the entertainment of the aristocracy". He later became the first Professor of Music at Trinity College. The four houses forming the Main House of this five star Hotel in Dublin are typical of domestic Georgian architecture in Ireland. The doorcases, with their varied treatment and intricate beautiful fanlights, were where the builder could impose some individuality on the building. The architectural detail of the houses clearly indicates the progression of their construction. The detail lightens as one progresses along the terrace, although No.
Here the main stair hall and the principal reception rooms have much lighter detailing, in the neo-classical, Adam style. In the midst of this lighter decoration, there are examples of heavier detail, such as the intricate Corinthian cornice in the stairwell, and the superb third floor room with coved ceilings and dramatic rococo plasterwork.
Monck House was "modernised" in the late 18th century or the beginning of the 19th century. The reception rooms in particular changed after when the windows were enlarged, window boxes and shutters modified and connections made to the front room. The removal of the principal stairs and hall inside the front door may have been done later in order to increase the number of rooms in the house. For more information please visit the Merrion Hotel website. This magnificent Georgian mansion was named by the Earl of Carrick after his wife Juliana, who was always known as Juliet.
Their home set on a hill overlooking the River Nore evokes old-fashioned grace from every inch. Close to the house are the Rose Garden Lodges and the Clubhouse Rooms, the original hunting stables of the old estate and now the heart of Mount Juliet's sporting and leisure activities. This part of Ireland has very strong Norman associations and in particular with the great Butler family, who have played a large part in the history of Mount Juliet. The estate as we know it today was originally two separate estates - Walton's Grove and Ballylinch - each with its own separate history. The Waltons were an ancient Norman family who owned Oldtown, the townland in which Mount Juliet is set.
They changed the name Oldtown to Walton's Grove. They were here for centuries, until Oliver Cromwell dispossessed William Walton in Mount Juliet House is an architectural gem. Beyond the classical doorway of the main house, guests are drawn into an impressive entrance hall that pays tribute to 18th-century craftsmanship. Here the original features are complemented by a large mural, which celebrates the equine tradition and heritage of the estate and the surrounding countryside. The panelled walls of the Tetrarch Bar recall a glorious equestrian past.
The relaxed decor of the Major's Room and the Morning Room is enhanced by a wonderful collection of antiques, paintings and china sourced from the old estate and from auctions in Ireland, England, Spain and Italy. For more information pleave visit the Mount Juliet Country Estate website. The history of Moy House can be traced back to the early nineteenth century when it was an elegant summer home to the landlord Sir Augustine Fitzgerald The image on the right is circa Major Studdert from Newmarket on Fergus ran the estate and was responsible for building the bridge across the road from the main entrance so that the West Clare Railway would stop especially for them.
It is probably still here so make sure to keep a look out as you take a stroll around the gardens! In the house was bought by the Daly family. Eventually the house came on the market in At this stage the Atlantic elements had taken their toll on it and it was looking every one of its years. As a child Antoin and his friends would come up to Moy House to collect the apples and conkers so this house holds a wealth of happy memories for him.
The long and arduous refurbishment took almost two years to complete. In order to use its basic two story plan he had to excavate more than six thousand cubic feet of ground. This was in effect a small hill which enclosed the entire basement area and shut off the view of the ocean. With all that soil now making up a lawn field sloping towards the shore the house is given a much more dramatic elevation.
Each of the nine bedrooms have been named after some of the local townlands owed by Sir Augustine Fitzgerald. For more information please visit the Moy House website. Nestled in the heart of the Co. Limerick countryside is The Mustard Seed , a converted 19th century convent.
The celebrated and comfortable Echo Lodge is set on ten acres of mature trees, herbaceous borders, orchard and kitchen garden. Originally, Echo Lodge was a long thatched dwelling located in what is now the kitchen garden. The foundations of this house are still evident and annually pose impermeable difficulty for the gardeners! This house was a stopping house for Lord Kerry. It is well documented that Ballingarry village was hugely affected by the great famine of Much of the population of the village and surrounding countryside suffered badly during this time. In , the parish priest, Rev.
Timothy Ryan Shanahan built the present Echo Lodge as a parochial house. During the same time, he was Member of Parliament for Kildare Borough. FitzGerald sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dublin City until , when he inherited his father's title and estates, he was appointed High Sheriff of Kildare for In FitzGerald was chosen Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland , which post he held for two years, he was re-elected for another year in In he was among the first knights in the newly created Order of St.
In he was Master of the Rolls in Ireland. FitzGerald was a supporter of Catholic Emancipation and helped to found the Catholic seminary at Maynooth in Withdrawing from parliament with Grattan in , he moved to England to be with his sick wife and remained there during the rebellion.
His family's estates of 60, acres in Kildare were in three main parts, around Maynooth and Athy , he rebuilt the main bridge in Athy over the River Barrow. The London Gazette The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom , in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November as The Oxford Gazette; this claim is made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal , because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage.
It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette , apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland , respectively. In turn, The London Gazette carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but those relating to entities or people in England and Wales.
However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are required to be published in The London Gazette. The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published: Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other DeclarationsHer Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, these are available online; the official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London , courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion ; the Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman , its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary.
The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette being published on 5 February ; the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.
In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches ; when members of the armed forces are promoted, these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" sometimes meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of Notices of engagement and marriage were formerly published in the Gazette.
Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions. Kildare , he was educated at the Jesuit St Stanislaus' and Clongowes Wood Colleges and at Trinity College , where he graduated in , he was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn, London , in July , practised as an equity draftsman and conveyancer. He was elected to Parliament for North Kildare in the Irish Parliamentary Party landslide in the general election by a large majority over the Conservative candidate, returned unopposed in the election of the following year, he assisted J.
Clancy in running the Irish Press Agency in London. During the Land War , in February , he was prosecuted for a speech calling for the boycott of the Earl of Drogheda. Following his arrest, in Perthshire , while campaigning in support of a Liberal by-election candidate, he was sentenced to four months' imprisonment and confined in Kilkenny , Kilmainham Gaols. When the Irish Parliamentary Party split in December over the leadership of Charles Stewart Parnell , Carew supported the latter, he acted as one of the whips of the Parnellite parliamentary party.
In the subsequent bitter general election of , he was defeated by an Anti-Parnellite by 56 to 44 per cent, he contested North Kildare again in and was defeated by the smaller margin of 53 to 47 percent. The following year the opportunity to return to the House of Commons arose when his fellow Parnellite Dr J. Kenny resigned the Parnellite seat of Dublin College Green. Carew was returned unopposed. In this parliamentary term, Carew came under attack in the Irish Nationalist movement for attending royal functions, he became associated with the Healyite faction in the House of Commons.
Although the exact circumstances appear to be disputed, he was additionally nominated for his native seat of South Meath, elected unopposed because the sitting member John Howard Parnell , expecting no opposition, omitted to submit the fees necessary for nomination in a contested election. Carew subsequently stated in a letter to the press that his return at South Meath was secured without his knowledge or consent, offered to resign in favour of Parnell or any other candidate nominated by the constituency; however he did not resign South Meath.
Whereas Healy was reconciled, with the IPP, Carew did not live long enough for this to occur, he died three years relatively young, while on holiday at St Moritz. He had been appointed High Sheriff of Kildare.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kildare Archeological Society. Retrieved 2 May Retrieved 7 December A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain. The London Gazette. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 21 August The Connaught Journal. Retrieved 10 May Courteney The Harrow School Register, — 2nd edition. Retrieved 29 July A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the landed gentry of Britain A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2.
The Edinburgh Gazette. Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 8 October The Catholic who's who. Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 25 November High Shrievalties. Belfast Londonderry. Revision History. County Kildare. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Satellite image , October It is located in the province of Leinster and is part of the Mid-East Region. It is named after the town of Kildare. River Barrow and White's Castle, Athy.
Irish Free State passport holder's name removed. The opening ceremony of the Ryder Cup at the K Club. Historically, each lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia. In , the lieutenant's responsibility over the local militia was removed. The uniform of an English lord-lieutenant includes a rose-and-crown badge on the cap and shoulder-boards. First stone laid in by the Duke in Cromaboo Bridge. Athy, Co. The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
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Grant, is featured on the obverse, while the U. Capitol is featured on the reverse. Natalie Portman is a film actress, producer, writer, and director with dual Israeli and American citizenship. Portman at the Cannes Film Festival. After graduating from Harvard University in , she was commencement speaker in On the set of Free Zone , At the Toronto International Film Festival. Her breakthrough came in with the thriller Dead Calm and the television miniseries Bangkok Hilton. Kidman at the Cannes Film Festival. Dome of West Building, an entrance to permanent Renaissance Art collections.
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Dublin Castle , with its 13th century tower, was the fortified seat of British rule in Ireland until Henrietta Street developed in the s is the earliest Georgian street in Dublin. After modelling in television commercials and print advertisements, she made her film debut as an extra in Woody Allen's comedy-drama Stardust Memories.
Stone at the Cannes Film Festival. Marco Polo was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice. Corte del Milion is still named after the nickname of Polo, "Il Milione". A page from Il Milione, from a manuscript believed to date between — Handwritten notes by Christopher Columbus on a Latin edition of Polo's book. The Second Crusade was the second major crusade launched from Europe. The Second Crusade was started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa in to the forces of Zengi. St Bernard in stained glass, from the Upper Rhine, c.
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