Brynard further states that:. Competing interests for resources and influence are also likely to be exacerbated by a comprehensive system of decentralised public administration.
The nature of decentralisation impacts on the nature of power-sharing with central government, the respective jurisdictions of tiers of government, and revenue, income-generation and expenditure responsibilities. Generally, the nature of decentralisation in South Sudan is that of devolution, where political power is devolved from central government to state assemblies at the state level, even though national policy remains the responsibility of the national government.
Local government is extended downwards at sub-state levels to counties, payams and bomas at village levels in rural areas, and city, municipal and town councils in urban areas. Rein and Rabonovitz argue that a power shift among different interest groups produces a corresponding shift in the implementation process.
However, the power shift remains complex due to lack of clarity and agreed of perceptions on respective roles and responsibilities of different tiers of government. It is in the institutional contexts that decision-making vis-a-vis conflict resolution occurs and is implemented, and in the process may be made and remade.
It is important to take account of entrenched interests, and shifting political alliances and personal allegiances of a range of actors, including external actors. Nick Waterman is an international development consultant and has worked in the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa including fragile and conflict-affected states. He has periodically worked in South Sudan during the last decade.
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Learn how your comment data is processed. Email Address. Nick Waterman South Sudan recently observed the fourth anniversary of its Independence. Dualistic nature of institutions Fowler argues that two differing facets of institutions operate in post-colonial states.
The nature of collective decision-making Inter-ministerial competition, changing alliances of disparate actors, a multiplicity of powerful external actors, and above all vested interests in particular geographical areas of instability including those centrally involved in the latest insurrection in South Sudan, indicate that collective decision-making is a critical aspect of resolution of the current conflict.
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South Sudan. Share Post:. Collaborative Conflict Transformation in South Sudan. A fragile peace in South Sudan. About Post Author. TransConflict TransConflict undertakes conflict transformation projects and research. Great read.
Leave a Reply Cancel Reply. Latest posts. Art, a miracle remedy for peace? The attacks in Juba highlighted the instability of South Sudan. And it appears that the government is gearing up for another civil war. There is also no clear plan addressing disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of the country as an integral part of a post-conflict peace consolidation. Nothing has been done to address these failures, as many of these same peacekeepers are still serving in Malakal. This situation points to gaps — and highlights the fragility — of a peace agreement that was forced through by the international community.
The failure by the international community as well as international monitoring bodies to address flaws in the agreement has in fact contributed to South Sudan devolving into a failed state. In principle, the Proposed Compromise Peace Agreement CPA-II hammered out in June and backed by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development member states and international community, should create a political arena which has a single coordinated purchaser of loyalties.
This would reduce uncertainty and competition which in turn would reduce the price of loyalty and allow the political class to focus on longer term issues. But state and political leaders are engrossed in short term political management. One of the indications of this is rampant inflation. Conflict resolution, peace-building and reconciliation initiatives at local level have become extremely challenging. For example, the Upper Nile and Eastern Equatoria and Equatoria regions have become ethnic enclaves, each with its own defence forces.
Inter-communal violence is widespread. The question is whether the international community can establish a more practical peace agreement that will prevent further escalation in violence against civilians. Low pay, earnings mobility and policy — Manchester, Lancashire. Edition: Available editions United Kingdom. Andrew Edward Tchie , University of Essex.
Though beliefs are not static, and certain aspects of traditional authority have been seriously eroded by decades of militarized conflict, the influence wielded by these cultural figures is far from obsolete Hashimoto ; Hutchinson and Pendle As recent as October last year there was fighting in Malakal town where opposition forces attempted to take back the town, leaving 58 rebels killed. Shop Books. To date, Olony has been willing to resolve deals with the government, but has also shown himself willing to rebel from the government and from the SPLM-IO when placed in positions he feels are disadvantageous, or if he sees alternative opportunity. How do people move on in societies that are still marked by routine forms of violence and impunity?
Women flee into the United Nations civilian protection site in Juba. The capacity of UN peacekeepers to shield civilians is now in doubt. Another civil war? The South Sudanese capital, Juba, has seen a serious uptick in violence. It seems that South Sudan is falling apart amidst political conflict, but what is actually behind the violence?