Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world. I often think in music. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music. I get most joy in life out of music. If only I had known, I should have become a watchmaker. I have never looked upon ease and happiness as ends in themselves - such an ethical basis I call more proper for a herd of swine. The ideals which have lighted me on my way and time after time given me new courage to face life cheerfully, have been Truth, Goodness, and Beauty. It comes soon enough.
It is a known fact that I was born and that is all that is necessary. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest - a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole nature in its beauty.
Nobody is able to achieve this completely, but the striving for such achievement is in itself a part of the liberation, and a foundation for inner security", This is what the painter, the poet, the speculative philosopher, and the natural scientists do, each in his own fashion. Each makes this cosmos and its construction the pivot of his emotional life, in order to find in this way peace and security which he can not find in the narrow whirlpool of personal experience. Such a school demands from the teacher that he be a kind of artist in his province.
Such treatment destroys the sound sentiments, the sincerity and the self-confidence of pupils and produces a subservient subject. The most important motive for work in school and in life is pleasure in work, pleasure in its result, and the knowledge of the value of the result to the community. Whoever undertakes to set himself up as judge in the field of truth and knowledge is shipwrecked by the laughter of the Gods.
The example of great and pure individuals is the only thing that can lead us to noble thoughts and deeds.
This coercion had such a deterring effect on me that, after I had passed the final examination, I found the consideration of any scientific problems distasteful to me for an entire year. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift. The important thing is not to stop questioning.
Curiosity has its own reason for existing.
Simon Bialobroda. Ellington composed incessantly to the very last days of his life. In Main Currents in Modern Thought p. In the early s, Ellington embraced recording with artists who had been friendly rivals in the past, or were younger musicians who focused on later styles. It is a known fact that I was born and that is all that is necessary.
One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery every day. Never lose a holy curiosity. The latter cannot understand it when a man does not thoughtlessly submit to hereditary prejudices but honestly and courageously uses his intelligence. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle. Either we suffer in health or we suffer in soul or we get fat.
It is the source of all true art and science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed. There comes a leap in consciousness, call it Intuition or what you will, the solution comes to you and you don't know how or why". X is work. Y is play. Z is keep your mouth shut. For this reason mastery demands all of a person. In order to be content men must also have the possibility of developing their intellectual and artistic powers to whatever extent accord with their personal characteristics and abilities.
Nothing truly valuable arises from ambition or from a mere sense of duty; it stems rather from love and devotion toward men and toward objective things. This is a cruel libel, even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves. How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love?
Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute. THAT'S relativity. A finely tempered nature longs to escape from the personal life into the world of objective perception and thought. He integrates empirically. But mere thinking cannot give us a sense of the ultimate and fundamental ends.
To make clear these fundamental ends and valuations and to set them fast in the emotional life of the individual, seems to me precisely the most important function which religion has to form in the social life of man. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions.
All these aspirations are directed toward ennobling man's life, lifting it from the sphere of mere physical existence and leading the individual towards freedom. This enables it to organize and sway the emotions of the masses, and make its tool of them. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body, although feeble souls harbor such thoughts through fear or ridiculous egotisms.
The religion which based on experience, which refuses dogmatic.
If there's any religion that would cope the scientific needs it will be Buddhism It is a very high goal which, with our weak powers, we can reach only very inadequately, but which gives a sure foundation to our aspir ations and valuations. If one were to take that goal out of out of its religious form and look merely at its purely human side, one might state it perhaps thus: free and responsible development of the individual, so that he may place his powers freely and gladly in the service of all mankind.
And the high destiny of the individual is to serve rather than to rule, or to impose himself in any otherway. For this reason, a research scientist will hardly be inclined to believe that events could be influenced by a prayer, i. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death. If one asks the whence derives the authority of fundamental ends, since they cannot be stated and justifed merely by reason, one can only answer: they exist in a healthy society as powerful traditions, which act upon the conduct and aspirations and judgements of the individuals; they are there, that is, as something living, without its being necessary to find justification for their existence.
They come into being not through demonstration but through revelation, through the medium of powerful personalities. One must not attempt to justify them, but rather to sense their nature simply and clearly. Many take to science out of a joyful sense of superior intellectual power; science is their own special sport to which they look for vivid experience and the satisfaction of ambition; many others are to be found in the temple who have offered the products of their brains on this altar for purely utilitarian purposes. Were an angel of the Lord to come and drive all the people belonging to these two categories out of the temple, the assemblage would be seriously depleted, but there would still be some men, of both present and past times, left inside".
Since our inner experiences consist of reproductions, and combinations of sensory impressions, the concept of a soul without a body seem to me to be empty and devoid of meaning. I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious then it is the unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it. I mention here only the fight against birth control at a time when overpopulation in various countries has become a serious threat to the health of people and a grave obstacle to any attempt to organize peace on this planet.
Herein lies the germ of all art and all true science. Anyone to whom this feeling is alien, who is no longer capable of wonderment and lives in a state of fear is a dead man. To know that what is impenatrable for us really exists and manifests itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty, whose gross forms alone are intelligible to our poor faculties - this knowledge, this feeling In this sense, and in this sense alone, I rank myself amoung profoundly religious men.
These large-scale works, extracted from acts of the Licht opera cycle, presented listeners with an exhilarating and draining acousmatic listening experience. The Choirs work is founded on recorded massed voices, spatialized in the auditorium, but the other two large-scale compositions use stock synthesized sounds. At various points during the week, especially with the presentation of works for tape and performer such as Komet for percussion, the timbral presets—uncritically selected from commercial synthesizers—underlying much of Mr.
Stockhausen's output since the s, were apparent. A current of the primacy of pitch and space often overrides timbral adventure, intricate processing, and even time structures, in a way that can be disappointing to those more familiar with the fresh and invigorating sound worlds of Mr. Whilst some splendors were found in the long Licht pieces, they lacked uniform quality; there were also coarse edges in studio production, from poor layering and fades to awkward transitions.
A great deal of excitement, however, had grown around one particular new work, Cosmic Pulses , which received its German premiere at the Friday night concert on 13 July. Originally unveiled in Rome not long before, on 7 May , Mr.
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Stockhausen had warned the participants earlier in the week that this work would provide a challenge to the listener, and that he himself had still not made up his mind concerning it. The reaction at the world premiere in Italy had seen him signing autographs for one and a half hours after an enthusiastic response from a younger crowd. The layers are ordered from low to high frequency and corresponding slow to fast rotation on the spatial paths, entering one by one from the s lowest and leaving in reverse. In the central portion of the min work, all layers are present, and the density of information provides the aforementioned challenge.
In psychological terms, it is challenging with anything more than four layers at once, and the overall summation of layers can become the aggregate impression, with attention flickering between layers as they are emphasized and perturbed following complex charts of parameter envelopes. The source timbre for individual lines is a rather cheap electric piano sound, which is quickly subsumed into the granular storm as the layers gather and tempi increase. As I listened to the work, I noted a tumult of impressions in real time, writing maniacally in the dark, a number of which I now list in the order of their original writing.
They give, I hope, some idea of the speed with which the complexity builds, and the impressions of being caught in a maelstrom:. Staggering down, staggering up, push push push!!! Underground serial movement, new serialism in the court of king computer music, a tumultuous tempest of temperamental tantrums, only Stockhausen could demand such literal length, either terrible or extremely good depending on your mood, entering the final throes? Bass keeps reccurring, not loud enough! Fader riding, bigger gliss near end, modulation slowing, running cosmic patches, Siriusly exhausting, a few roars near the end, pitter patter of spatial space electronics, drove someone away [an audience member leaves at this point], one layer becomes dominant then falls back, slowing to fewer layers, more controlled gurglings, selective, relaxing into less layers, closing down, suddenly gentle, cathartic, returning to sanity, makes sense, sudden awkward end After the work finished, the longest applause of the conference was heard; Mr.
Stockhausen received a partial standing ovation and also a yell of derision and a few boos. Cosmic Pulses certainly stirred up the audience! In the post-mortem discussions amongst attendees, the consensus seemed to be of a thrilling ride, but of the overload lasting too long in the middle; those who had heard more recent electroacoustic music were slightly perturbed by the bad timbre at the start for the source sound.
In defense of the length, it might be a necessary compositional device to offset the beauty of the closedown, when normal information processing levels are re-entered. The whole piece offers an alternative listening experience where there is no chance to follow all events.
It might cautiously be claimed that Mr.