Eleven Tools for Manhood – a Man’s Guide to Living Life Powerfully and Purposefully

Introduction to working with men and family relationships guide
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They are set apart through ritual practices and viewed as forbidden to ordinary, everyday contact and use. Profane objects on the other hand are items integrated into ordinary everyday living. They have no religious significance. This basic dichotomy creates two distinct aspects of life, that of the ordinary and that of the sacred, that exist in mutual exclusion and in opposition to each other.

This is the basis of numerous codes of behavior and spiritual practices. Durkheim argues that all religions, in any form and of any culture, share this trait. Therefore, a belief system, whether or not it encourages faith in a supernatural power, is identified as a religion of it outlines this divide and creates ritual actions and a code of conduct of how to interact with and around these sacred objects. Durkheim examined the social functions of the division of the world into sacrd and profane by studying a group of Australian Aboriginals that practiced totemism.

Totemic societies are divided into clans based on the different totemic creatures each clan revered. In line with his argument that religious practice needs to be understood in sociological terms rather than supernatural terms, he noted that totemism existed to serve some very specific social functions. For example, the sanctity of the objects venerated as totems infuse the clan with a sense of social solidarity because they bring people together and focus their attention on the shared practice of ritual worship.

They function to divide the sacred from the profane thereby establishing a ritually reinforced structure of social rules and norms, they enforce the social cohesion of the clans through the shared belief in a transcendent power, and they protect members of the society from each other since they all become sacred as participants in the religion. They create a collective consciousness and a focus for collective effervescence in society.

In a religious context, this feeling is interpreted as a connection with divine presence, as being filled with the spirit of supernatural forces, but Durkheim argues that in reality it is the material force of society itself, which emerges whenever people come together and focus on a single object. As individuals actively engage in communal activities, their belief system gains plausibility and the cycle intensifies. The fundamental principles that explain the most basic and ancient religions like totemism, also explain the persistence of religion in society as societies grow in scale and complexity.

However, in modern societies where other institutions often provide the basic for social solidarity, social norms, collective representations, and collective effervescence, will religious belief and ritual persist? In his structural-functional analysis of religion, Durkheim outlined three functions that religion still serves in society, which help to explain its ongoing existence in modern societies.

First, religion ensures social cohesion through the creation of a shared consciousness form participation in rituals and belief systems. Second, it formally enforces social norms and expectations of behavior, which serve to ensure predictability and control of human action. As long as the needs remain unsatisfied by other institutions in modern social systems, religion will exist to fill that void. He abandoned the idea of a religious or rabbinical career, however, and became very secular in his outlook. Religion performs the key function of providing social solidarity in a society.

This type of analysis became the basis of the functionalist perspective in sociology. He explained the existence and persistence of religion on the basis of the necessary function it performed in unifying society. His approach was to determine the meaning of religion in the conduct of life for members of society. Three key themes concerning religion emerge from his work: the concept of theodicy, the disenchantment of the world, and the Protestant Ethic.

They give meaning to why good or innocent people experience misfortune and suffering. Therefore believers must accept that there is a higher divine reason for their suffering and continue to strive to be good.

Individuals must struggle in this life to rectify the evils accumulated from previous lives. In particular, he was interested in the development of the modern worldview which he equated with the widespread processes of rationalization : the general tendency of modern institutions and most areas of life to be transformed by the application of technical reason, precise calculation, and rational organization.

Again, central to his interpretivist framework, how people interpreted and saw the world provided the basis for an explanation of the types of social organization they created. In this regard, one of his central questions was to determine why rationalization emerged in the West and not the East. Eastern societies in China, India, and Persia had been in many respects more advanced culturally, scientifically and organizationally than Europe for most of world history, but had not taken the next step towards developing thoroughly modern, rationalized forms of organization and knowledge.

The relationship to religion formed a key part of his answer. One component of rationalization was the process Weber described as the disenchantment of the world , which refers to the elimination of a superstitious or magical relationship to nature and life. Weber noted that many societies prevented processes of rationalization from occurring because of religious interdictions and restrictions against certain types of development. A contemporary example might be the beliefs concerning the sacredness of human life, which serve to restrict experimenting with human stem cells or genetic manipulation of the human genome.

For Weber, disenchantment was one source for the rapid development and power of Western society, but also a source of irretrievable loss. A second component of rationalization, particularly as it applies to the rise of capitalism as a highly rationalized economic system, was the formation of the Protestant Ethic. This will be discussed more fully below. The key point to note here is that Weber makes the argument that a specific ethic or way of life that developed among a few Protestant sects on the basis of religious doctrine or belief, i.

The restrictions that religions had imposed on economic activities and that had prevented them from being pursued in a purely rational, calculative manner, were challenged or subverted by the emergence and spread of new, equally religious, forms of belief and practice. He noted that in modern industrial societies, business leaders and owners of capital, the higher grades of skilled labour, and the most technically and commercially trained personnel were overwhelmingly Protestant. He also noted the uneven development of capitalism in Europe, and in particular how capitalism developed first in those areas dominated by Protestant sects.

As opposed to the traditional teachings of the Catholic Church in which poverty was a virtue and labour simply a means for maintaining the individual and community, the Protestant sects began to see hard, continuous labour as a spiritual end in itself. Hard labour was firstly an ascetic technique of worldly renunciation and a defense against temptations and distractions: the unclean life, sexual temptations, and religious doubts. Weber argued that the ethic , or way of life, that developed around these beliefs was a key factor in creating the conditions for both the accumulation of capital, as the goal of economic activity, and for the creation of an industrious and disciplined labour force.

It is an element of cultural belief that leads to social change rather than the concrete organization and class struggles of the economic structure. As the impediments toward rationalization were removed, organizations and institutions were restructured on the principle of maximum efficiency and specialization, while older, traditional i.

The irony of the Protestant Ethic as one stage in this process is that the rationalization of capitalist business practices and organization of labour eventually dispensed with the religious goals of the ethic. Phenomenology seeks to describe the way in which all phenomena, including religion, arise as perceptions within the immediate sensorial experience and awareness of individual subjects.

Phenomenologists study the ways in which the world, and ourselves within it, first come to presence in experience and only later become separate objects, social structures or selves. Religion is only secondarily a structure, institution, practice, or set of beliefs. How do humans go from the flux of immediate perception to a religious worldview?

For Berger, religion is a particular type of culture Berger In order for humans to survive, the world must be culturally prepared as a world in which things and people have stable meanings. Culture, Berger argues, exists therefore as an artifice that mediates between humans and nature and provides needed stability and predictability in human life. From the phenomenological point of view, culture enables both the ongoing creation of the world as a stable, objective social reality outside the subject and the simultaneous creation, or interiorization, of social roles and social expectations within the subject.

Religion develops because the stability of culture is inherently fragile. Just as the immediate experience of the individual is subject to flux and change, so is the foundation of the ordered, meaningful world of culture. Cultural meanings tend to be fixed and rigid through time, whereas the underlying reality they describe is not. Events occur that are not explainable. They fall outside the categories and threaten to put the whole cultural framework or nomos into question. Religion comes into existence as a solution to this problem. Religion is able to resolve the threat of instability and terror of anomie by postulating a supernatural agency or cosmological view of the world, which are unaffected by everyday inconstancy and uncertainty.

In a religious cosmology the order described by culture is the natural order, that is, it is the way the gods have decided things must be. Things that occur that cannot be explained in human terms are explained as the products of divine will. Religion is therefore a source of ultimate legitimation because it provides the social order with an unquestionable foundation of legitimacy: the way things are is the will of the gods. From a phenomenological point of view however, the price of this religious solution is a mode of forgetfulness and alienation. For the legitimation effect of religion to work and be plausible, humans must forget that they themselves have created religion.

They must forget that religion is a human accomplishment.

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In The Sacred Canopy, Berger argued that the processes of secularization will eventually erode the plausibility of religious belief. For religion to function as a sacred canopy and ultimate legitimation, it must provide the foundation for a shared belief system. In modern societies however, other types of knowledge and expert systems like science assume greater authority to describe the nature of the world and our role within it. As we will see below in Section Despite the dominant expectation that modern societies were becoming ever more secular, Stark believed that religion was, and would continue to be, an important and influential factor for individuals and society.

Stark notes that church membership and new religious movements have actually increased in the United States as the country modernized. In Europe, where religious participation is relatively low, levels of individual belief nevertheless remain high and participation has not undergone a long-term decline Stark, b.

What explanation can be provided for the persistence of religion? Stark begins with the stipulation that the importance of the supernatural must be recognized when studying religion. Belief in a higher force or power is the feature that distinguishes religions from non-religious beliefs and organizations. Any theory of religion must take this into account.

Stark attempts to answer this question by proposing a number of basic, general rules about humans and their behavior. Rational choice theory states that the most basic human motive is individual self-interest, and that all social activities are a product of rational decision making in which individuals continuously weigh the benefits of choices against their costs Scott, A person who has a choice between two jobs, for example, would weigh the rewards of each one such as higher pay or better benefits against the possible costs of longer work hours or further commutes.

Individuals will on balance choose the course of action that maximizes their rewards and minimizes their costs. In this sense, even seemingly irrational decisions or beliefs can be understood as rational choices from the point of view of the individual decision maker Stark, a.

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Religious belief in the supernatural may seem irrational from an outside perspective because it involves an orientation to invisible, supernatural powers that affect the everyday material world through unobservable mechanisms. However, for the religious believer whose worldview is shaped by this assumption, it is completely rational that they would choose to worship and make offerings to these supernatural powers in the hopes of gaining rewards and avoiding wrath or misfortune.

Moreover, by participating in religious practice, people also surround themselves with other believers who make the rationality of supernatural choices even more plausible. According to Stark, the rewards people desire most intensely are often scarce or not available at all, such as an end to suffering or eternal life. Consequently, when such rewards cannot be attained through direct means, humans will create and exchange compensators.

These are promises or IOUs of a reward at an unspecified future date, along with an explanation of how they can be acquired. Stark argues that rewards such as these are so monumental and scarce that they can only be provided through a supernatural source.

This is why religious belief persists. In other words, a person must believe that a supernatural power exists which is capable of providing this reward in order to rationally believe that it is attainable. In this sense, religious belief and practice are rational choices humans make to get the most coveted rewards regarding human existence. Religious organizations function to provide compensators for these rewards by claiming to provide access to supernatural powers or deities.

For Stark, this is the root of why religion continues to exist in the modern world, and why it will continue to persist. By using a positivist approach, Stark creates a theory where every proposition, including this one, can in principle be tested. The proposition above could be verified by examining the number of gods and their powers in the religions of small, traditional societies and comparing that to the number of gods worshipped in more established, modern ones.

In reality however, many of the propositions are difficult to test because the concepts he uses are hard to measure or compare between religions. How does one empirically quantify the scope of a certain god and compare it to that of an unrelated god from a different religion? His theory has also been critiqued for having an inherent bias towards monotheistic and particularly Protestant Christian measures of religion Carroll, In other words, he places higher value on measures of religiosity that fit the Protestant model, such as belief and adherence to doctrine, over those that better describe other religions, such as the ritual aspects of Hinduism or Catholicism.

His work may then implicitly suggest that Protestants are more religious than the others based on these skewed measures of religiousness. Feminist theories of religion analyze and critique the ways in which sacred texts and religious practices portray and subordinate—or empower—women, femininity, and female sexuality Zwissler, The crucial insight into religion that forms the basis for feminist research is the gendered nature of religion Erikson, Feminists therefore argue that questions about gender are essential for a meaningful analysis and explanation of religion.

In one line of inquiry, feminist theorists of religion have analyzed the representation of women within sacred religious texts, identifying and critiquing the way women are portrayed. For example, the gender of the deity is an issue for women, particularly in the monotheistic Abrahamic religions such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism Zwissler, God, within these religious beliefs, is usually understood as male. The question this raises is whether religion is therefore the direct cause of misogyny —the aversion or distaste for people of the female sex, including belittling, sexual objectification, sexual violence, and discrimination against women—or whether male-dominated religious practices are the product of broader gendered inequalities and societal norms outside of religion Zwissler, ?

A second line of inquiry focuses on why power relationships within religious institutions are typically gendered Erikson, Feminist theorists note that women are frequently prevented from holding positions of power within religious practice. Ministers, imams, rabbis, buddhas, and Brahmin priests are positions within religious hierarchies which have traditionally excluded women. Despite this, cross-culturally women are proportionately more religious than men.

This can be seen as a paradox within feminist religious studies. Placed along two axes see Figure The challenges faced by women are different within each religion, and therefore the strategies women of faith use to change or work within their respective religion may vary.

Being an interdisciplinary perspective, feminism brings a diversity of voices into the discussion, illuminating important issues of inequality, oppression, and power imbalance, all of which are of great importance to the study of sociology. Through analysis of the gender structures within religious practices worldwide, a deeper understanding of how different cultures and traditions function is revealed.

The understanding that women frequently do not identify as being oppressed by their religion is an important insight in trying to fully understand the nature of gendered religious practice on a global scale.

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After travelling 1,km to her home. In the American Sociological Association , the world's largest association of professional sociologists, was founded. The higher suicide rates were the result of weakening social bonds among Protestants. Circumstanced as he was, he probably thought it was better policy to be forbearing. Religious beliefs are a generalized system of ideas and values that shape how members of a religious group come to understand the world around them see Table Be mean to them. Anon: thanks for your letter.

Religion has historically been a major impetus to social change. In early Europe, the translation of sacred texts into everyday, non-scholarly language empowered people to shape their religions. Disagreements between religious groups and instances of religious persecution have led to mass resettlement, war, and even genocide. To some degree, the modern sovereign state system and international law might be seen as products of the conflict between religious beliefs as these were founded in Europe by the Treaty of Westphalia , which ended the Thirty Years War.

As outlined below, Canada is no stranger to religion as an agent of social change. Nevertheless debate continues in sociology concerning the nature of religion and social change particularly in three areas: secularization, religious diversity, and new religious movements. Secularization refers to the decline of religiosity as a result of the modernization of society. This is a large increase from the , Canadians who claimed no religious affiliation in the Statistics Canada census Statistics Canada, Sociologists suggest that it is important to distinguish between three different types of secularization: societal secularization, organizational secularization, and individual secularization.

The move to ordinate female ministers to reflect the growing gender equality in society or the use of commercial marketing techniques to attract congregations are examples. Individual secularization is the decline in involvement in churches and denominations or the decline in belief and practice of individual members. As we saw earlier in the chapter, the equation of secularization with modernity has been the view of many important sociologists including Marx, Durkheim, and Weber.

But in more recent years there has been a growing number of sociologists who question the universality of the process of secularization and propose that contemporary society is going through a period of religious revitalization. Similarly, Fink and Stark have argued that Americans, at least, actually became more religious as American society modernized. Even in Europe, where church attendance is very low, they suggest that religious practice is stable rather than in long term decline and that people still hold religious beliefs like the belief in God or life after death.

However, Canada, like most of Europe, appears to be an exception to the trend of religious resurgence, meaning there has been less of an emergence of new and revived religious groups, as opposed to the U. Prior to the s Canada was a more religious nation than the United States, now it is much less religious by any standard measure.

Rather than a progressive and continuous process of secularization, Bibby argues that there have been three consecutive trends in Canada since the s: secularization, revitalization and polarization. After a period of steady secularization between the s and measured by levels of church attendance , Bibby presents evidence of revitalization in the s including small increases in weekly or monthly attendance for different age groups. He also notes the four fold increase of non-Christians Muslims, Buddhists, Jews in Canada since the s, the high level of spiritual belief among people who do not attend church, the way that many people retain connections with churches for special occasions, and surveys that report that many would consider attending regularly if organizational or personal factors could be addressed.

Since the s, Bibby describes a third trend of polarization, with the public increasingly divided into opposite poles of the highly religious and the non-religious. Overall it can be said that understanding secularization and desecularization is an essential part of the sociological analysis of religion.

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Knowing the relationship between modernity and religion provides insight into the complex dynamics of the late modern world and allows sociologists to predict what is to come for religion in the future. The question is whether secularization necessarily accompanies modernization or whether there is a cyclical process between secularization and religious revivalism. Are secular or non-secular societies the exceptions to the dominant trend of modern society? In other words, in modern societies there is neither a steady one-way process of secularization nor a religious revitalization, but a growing diversity of belief systems and practices.

The practice of religion in Canada is ever changing and has recently become increasingly diverse. Religious diversity can be defined as a condition in which a multiplicity of religions and faiths co-exist in a given society Robinson, Because of religious diversity, many speculate that Canada is turning into a Post-Christian society , in the sense that Christianity has increasingly become just one among many religious beliefs, including the beliefs of a large number of people who claim no religion.

For those who report having a Christian heritage, only a minority can articulate the basic elements of Christian doctrine or read the bible on a regular basis. To an ever greater extent, Christianity no longer provides the basic moral foundation for Canadian values and practices.

Canada appears to moving towards a much more religiously plural society. This is not without its problems however. Religious diversity in Canada has accelerated in the last twenty years due to globalization and immigration. There were only a handful of members from the other main world religions. Other religions during this time such as Muslims, Jews, Buddhists and Hindus only made up a negligible percentage of the population.

With the opening up of immigration to non-Europeans in the s, this began to change. In the 21st century, religion in Canada has become increasingly diverse. Including the various Protestant denominations Statistics Canada surveyed 80 different religious groups in Canada in Statistics Canada, Religious diversity does not only include the increased number of people who participate in non-Christian religions.

During its first appearance, approximately four percent of the population in Canada identified as religiously unaffiliated. By , that number had increased nearly a quarter, rising to about 24 percent Pew Research Center, Canadians have had varying responses to religious diversity. On an individual level, while many accept religious beliefs other than their own, others do not. Individuals are either open to embracing these differences or intolerant of the varying viewpoints surrounding them. Wuthnow describes three types of individual response to religious diversity.

Firstly there are those who fully embrace the religious practices of others, to the point of creating hybrid beliefs and practices. Christians might practice yoga or Eastern meditation techniques, for example. Secondly, there are those who tolerate other religions or accept the value of other religious beliefs while maintaining religious distinctions intact. This can manifest in the range of negative individual responses to Muslim women who wear a hijab or headscarf for example. On a societal level, there are three main types of social response to religious diversity: exclusion, assimilation and pluralism.

Exclusion occurs when the majority population does not accept varying or non-traditional beliefs, and therefore believe that other religions should be denied entry into their society. The exclusionary response tends to happen when a society that identifies with a previously homogeneous faith community is confronted with the spread of religious diversity.

On the other hand, the Canadian policy towards Jews was exclusionary until relatively recently. Universities like McGill and the University of Toronto had quota systems that restricted the number of Jewish students until the s. Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi Germany in the s were brutally turned away by Canadian officials. A step beyond exclusion is assimilation. An example of assimilation in Canada is the history of Aboriginal spiritual practices like the sun dance, spirit dance and sweat lodge ceremonies.

Between and midth century these practices were outlawed and suppressed by both the Canadian state and Church organizations. They were seen as counter to the project of assimilating First Nations people into Christian European society and a settled, agricultural way of life Waldram, Herring and Young, In and , first a pass system and then an outright ban on leaving reserves were imposed on Plains Indian people to prevent them from congregating for Sun Dances, where they sought to honour the Great Spirit and renew their communities.

The most accommodating response to religious diversity is pluralism. Pluralism is the idea that every religious practice is welcome in a society regardless of how divergent its beliefs or social norms are. This response leads to a society in which religious diversity is fully accepted Berry, Today pluralism is the official response to religious diversity in Canada and has been institutionalized through the establishment of Multicultural policy and the constitutional protections of religious freedoms.

However, some thorny issues remain when the values of different religious groups clash with each other or with the secular laws of the criminal code. The right to follow Sharia law for Muslims, the right to have several wives for Mormons, the right to carry ceremonial daggers to school for Sikhs, the right to refuse to marry homosexual couples for Christian Fundamentalists, are all issues that pit fundamental religious freedoms against a unified sovereign law that applies to all equally.

The acceptance of religious diversity in the pluralistic model is not without its problems. For example, one pluralistic strategy for managing the diversity of beliefs has been to regard religious practice as a purely private matter. In order to avoid privileging one religious belief system over another in the public sphere, e.

All religious faiths and practices are equal, included and accommodated as long as they remain private. In the guise of implementing pluralism, the attempt to secularize the public sphere artificially restricts it Connelly, Religious freedom and diversity keeps the religious life of Canadians interesting. The full acceptance of religious differences may take some time, however studies show that Canadians are moving in this direction.

The evidence is that as people become more exposed to religious diversity and interact with people of other religions more frequently, they become more accepting of beliefs and practices that diverge from their own Dawson and Thiessen, While veiling continues to be practiced by Muslim women, and is more often associated with Islam than with other religious traditions, the practice of veiling has been integral to all three monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Christian and Jewish women wear headscarves as a cultural practice or commitment to modesty or piety, particularly in religious sects and cultural traditions like the Amish or Hutterites for example. Today, we know the hijab to be worn as a headscarf covering the whole head and neck, while leaving the face uncovered. The niqab is a veil for the face that leaves the area around the eyes clear and is worn accompanying the hijab. The burka is a one-piece loose fitting garment that covers the head, the face and entire body, leaving a mesh screen to see through.

There is a popular belief among Muslims and non-Muslims alike that Islam dictates veiling upon Muslim women. Furthermore, there is a parallel belief among both Muslims and non-Muslims that the prescription of veiling is stated clearly in the Koran, the Holy Book of Islam. As to the question of whether or not it is obligatory for women to wear hijab, the Koran states that women should cover their bosoms and wear long clothing, but does not specifically say that they need to cover their faces or hair Koran, But the best garment is the garment of righteousness.

The hijab as we know it today, is not mentioned specifically in the Koran. The prophet Mohammed was once asked by a woman if it was okay for women to go to prayers without their veils. Critics of the veiling tradition argue that women do not wear the veil by choice, but are forced to cover their heads and bodies. Purdah is part of the Pushtunwali or customary law in which women are regarded as the property of men. It is significant that following the Iranian revolution in and the seizing of power in Afghanistan by the Taliban in , the new Islamist governments forced unveiled women to wear the hijab in Iran and the burqa in Afghanistan as one of the first policies enacted to signal the Islamization of cultural practices.

Muslim women who choose to wear coverings are seen as oppressed and without a voice. However, Muslim women choose to wear the hijab or other coverings for a variety of reasons. Many daughters of Muslim immigrants in the West contend that they choose to wear the veil as a symbol of devotion, piety, religious identity and self-expression. Zayzafoon, Through their interpretation of the Koran, they believe that God has instructed them to do so as a means of fulfilling His commandment for modesty, while others wear it as a fashion statement.

Furthermore, studies have shown that for some women, the hijab raises self-esteem and is used as form of autonomy. Some Muslim women do not perceive the hijab to be obligatory to their faith, while others wear the hijab as a means of visibly expressing their Muslim identity. Unfortunately this association has also occasionally resulted in the violent assaults of Muslim women wearing hijab.

By making assumptions about the reasons women have for veiling, the freedom of these women to wear what they feel is appropriate and comfortable is taken away. Most people view the hijab as cultural or religious, but for some, it carries political overtones. Muslim women who wear the hijab to communicate their political and social alliance with their birth country do so by challenging the prejudices of the Western world.

Wearing hijab is also used as a tool to protest Western feminist movements which present hijab-wearing women as oppressed or silenced. Although the principles of modesty are distinctly outlined in the Koran, some Muslim women perceive the wearing of the headscarf as a cultural interpretation of these scriptures, and choose to shift their focus internally to build a deeper spiritual relationship with God. While wearing hijab granted women in the past to engage outside the home without bringing attention to them, the headscarf in modern Western society has an adverse effect by attracting more attention to them which ultimately contradicts the hijabs original purpose.

Despite the assumptions of secularization theory and some of the early classical sociologists that religion is a static phenomenon associated with fixed or traditional beliefs and lifestyles, it is clear that the relationship of believers to their religions does change through time. We discussed the emergence of the New Religious Movements or cults above for example. Especially in the s and s, cults represented particularly intense forms of religious experimentation that spoke to widespread feelings of dissatisfaction with materialism, militarism and conventional religiosity.

They were essentially new religious social forms. Below we will examine the rise of fundamentalism as another new religious social form that responds to issues of globalization and social diversity. Sociologists note that the decline in conventional religious observance in Canada, Europe and elsewhere has not necessarily entailed a loss of religious or spiritual practices and beliefs per se Dawson and Thiessen, Secondly, the orientation to these beliefs and practices has also changed.

New Age spirituality — the various forms and practices of spiritual inner-exploration that draw on non-Western traditions e. Dawson has characterized this new religious sensibility in terms of six key characteristics:. At the same time, the basic questions of fate, suffering, illness, transformation and meaning have not been satisfactorily answered by science or other secular institutions, which creates a continued demand for religious or spiritual solutions. With the above stereotypes, it is easy to overlook the beliefs, rituals, and origins of Rastafarianism as a religion. Through the popularization of reggae music and artists like Bob Marley, the style of Rastafarianism has globalized though many do not know there is more to the movement than the outward appearance of its members.

Today, most followers of Rastafarianism are in Jamaica, although smaller populations can be found in several countries including Canada, Great Britain, South Africa, Ethiopia and Israel. He said that a King would soon be crowned to liberate black people from the oppression caused by slavery. This was an event with more than just political significance. Many black Jamaicans regarded the coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as the inauguration of a new era of spiritual redemption for dispossessed Africans after centuries of colonization, cruelty, oppression and slavery.

With the fall of Babylon, Rastas believed there would be a reversal in slavery-based social hierarchy. Black people would then take their place as spiritual and political leaders the way God Jah intended them too. One of the central religious beliefs of Rastafarians is that the Christian Bible describes the history of the African race Waters, In the prophecy of Zion, Rastas strive to return to Zion to leave the oppressive, exploitative, materialistic western world of Babylon where they will attain a life of heaven on earth, a place of unity, peace, and freedom.

However, like many of the spiritual movements of late modernity, Rastafarianism does not emphasize doctrine, church attendance, or being a member of a congregation. There are several key sacraments or religious rituals that Rasta practice to achieve this direct experience. Groundation Day is celebrated on April 21st to remember the day that Haile Selassie 1 sacred Ethiopian emperor visited Jamaica.

On this day Rastafarians chant, pray, feast, and create music as celebration. Achieving higher consciousness through ritual means enables participants in reasoning sessions to re-evaluate their positions, overcome the confines of their false sense of self or ego , and reach higher truths through consensus. Smoking Cannabis Ganja also plays an important role in many Rastafarian rituals, although it is not mandatory.

Cannabis use is considered sacred and is usually accompanied with biblical study and meditation. The custom of wearing dreadlocks — long, uncombed locks of hair — also has religious significance to Rastafarians Stanton, Ramsamy, Seybolt, and Elliot, Dreadlocks dreads have political significance as a protest against Babylon because they symbolize the natural, non-industrial lifestyle of the Rastas Fisher, Dreadlocks also have several spiritual meanings.

They conform to the style worn by traditional Ethiopian warriors and priests and thus represent the power of their African ancestors. From a sociological point of view, Rastafarianism has to be understood as a New Religious Movement broadly defined in the context of the social and racial conditions of Jamaica in the 20th century. It is significant that it blends spiritual motifs of dread and redemption from the Christian bible with the anti-colonial, anti-racist politics of Third World activists like Marcus Garvey. The belief system therefore provides a religious inflection to the material circumstances black Jamaicans face due to the history of colonial oppression.

It is a claim to status as much as a path to spiritual transformation. Another extreme fundamentalist group, the Westboro Baptist Church, picket the funerals of fallen military personnel Hurdle, , of the victims of the Boston Marathon bombings Linkins, , and even of the brutal greyhound bus stabbing in Winnipeg, Canada CBC News, The public demonstrations of the Ultra-Orthodox men and the Westboro Baptist Church provide a platform for these groups to disseminate their beliefs, mobilize supporters and recruit new followers.

However, the controversial protests also attack routine norms of civility — the right of 8 year old girls to walk to school unmolested by adult men; the solemnity of funeral rites and the mourning processes of the bereaved — and lead to communal disruption and resentment, as well as the alienation of these groups from broader society. One of the key emblems of the contemporary rise of religious fundamentalism is that conflicts, whether they are playground disagreements or extensive political confrontations, tend to become irreconcilable when fundamental beliefs are at the core of said disputes.

These types of issue are one of the defining features of the contemporary era. Unlike discussions relating to secular business or political interests, fundamentalist beliefs associated with religious ideology seem non-negotiable and therefore prone to violent conflict.

The rise of fundamentalism also poses problems for the sociology of religion. For many decades theorists such as Berger , Wilson ; and Bruce argued that the modernization of societies, the privatization of religion, and the global spread of religious and cultural pluralism meant that societies would continue to secularize and levels of religiosity would steadily decline. However, other theorists such as Hadden ; , Stark ; and Casanova ; have recently begun to reconsider the secularization thesis. They argue that religious diversity and pluralism have sparked new interpretations of religion and new revivals of religiosity.

In other words, these new sociological interpretations of religion propose that rather than withering away, fundamentalist groups will continue to thrive because they offer individuals answers to ultimate questions and give meaning to a complicated world. Interestingly enough, in his later works, Berger abandoned his original theory of secularization.

The Pew Research Center has recently presented some interesting findings that can also provide a general sense of what the future for religious fundamentalism may hold. While it is not clear from this research how many Muslims hold fundamentalist beliefs per se eg. Wahhabi, Salifi, etc. How does the sociology of religion explain the rise of fundamentalist belief in an increasingly modern, global society then?

The answer that sociologists have proposed is that fundamentalism and religious revivalism are modern. These pamphlets were not a return to pre-modern traditionalism however. They were an explicit response to modern forms of rationality, including the trend towards historical and scientific explanations of religious certainties.

A response, because of their defensively orientated motivation to challenge the modernist movement; and a product, because of their use of modern techniques of mass communication and commercial promotion to transmit a particular set of beliefs in a clear and concise manner to a mass audience. To expand the concept of fundamentalism beyond this specific usage in the context of 20th century Christian Protestantism poses some analytical problems. However its use in popular culture today has expanded far beyond this narrow reference.

In this expanded usage, fundamentalism loosely refers to the return to a core set of indisputable and literal principles derived from ancient holy, or at least unchallengeable, texts. However, even if we restrict the use of the term fundamentalism to a religious context, there are a number of problems of application. For example, the emphasis on the literalism of holy texts would not be able to distinguish between fundamentalist Islamic movements and mainstream Islam, because both regard the Koran to be the literal, and therefore indisputable word of God communicated to the prophet Mohamed by the Arch Angel Gabriel.

On the other hand, the fundamentalist movements of Hinduism do not have a single, authoritative, holy text like the Bible or Koran to take as the literal word of God or Brahman. In response to these problems, Ruthven proposes a family resemblance definition see Section In this respect, the common sociological feature that unites various religious fundamentalisms, is their very modern reinvention of traditions in response to the complexity of social change brought about by globalization and the diversification of human populations.

Globalization and late modernity introduce an anxiety-laden, plurality of life choices including religious choices where none existed before. If religious fundamentalist movements primarily serve and protect the interests and rights of men, why do women continue to support and practice these religions in larger numbers than men? This is a difficult question that has not been satisfactorily answered. Strict observance of the rules of ritual observance is choice women make to bring themselves closer to God.

Control over female sexuality is a primary focus of all fundamentalist movements.

The Return of Honorable Manhood | Set Apart Girl

For example, in Islamic fundamentalism, it is seen as shameful and dishonourable for women to expose their bodies. Under the Pushtunwali customary law , Afghan women are regarded as the property of men and the practice of Purdah seclusion within the home and veiling when in public is required to protect the honour of the male lineage Moghadam, For example, in , the Indian parliament passed a bill that would disallow women to file for divorce.

There have also been many significant instances of violence against women physical and sexual perpetrated by men in order to maintain their social dominance and control Chhachhi, In Saudi Arabia, rape can only be proven in court if the perpetrator confesses or four witnesses provide testimony Doumato, One purpose of fundamentalist movements therefore is to advantage men and reinforce ideals of patriarchal power in a modern context in which women have successfully struggled to gain political, economic and legal powers historically denied them.

The role of women in Muslim or Hindu traditions is so different from that in Western religions and culture that characterizing it as inferior or subservient in Western terms risks distorting the actual experience or the nature of the role within the actual fabric of life in these traditions Moaddel, In order to properly study women in Fundamentalist movements, it is imperative to gather the perspectives and ideas of the women in the movements themselves in order to eradicate the Orientalist stigma and bias towards non-Western religions and cultures.

After the Revolution in Iran, the law making veiling mandatory for all women emerged as one of the most important symbols of the new, collective Iranian national and religious identity. It was a means of demonstrating resistance against Western values and served symbolically to mark a difference from the pre-revolutionary program of modernization that had been instituted by the deposed Shah.

Many women demonstrated against this law and against other legal discrimination against women in the new post-revolutionary juridical system. However, this dissent did not last long. As Patricia Higgins stresses, these demonstrations were not supported by the majority of Iranian women. The number of supporters of the demonstrations also decreased when Ayatollah Khomeini—the religious leader of Islamic revolution — mentioned his support of compulsory veiling for women.

So it appears that the majority of Iranian women accepted the new rules or at least did not oppose them. In the prerevolutionary regime of the Shah, there had been a state-lead attempt to change the juridical system and the public sphere to promote the rights of Iranian women in a manner similar to their western peers. Nevertheless, the majority of Iranian women, especially in the rural areas and margins of the cities, still wore their traditional and religious clothing. Veiling was part of the traditional or customary dress of Iranian women. However, an equally important fact, which is always less stressed in the dominant narrative about the Iranian revolution is that this transformation of veiling from traditional custom to political symbol first occurred in s, when King Reza Pahlavi banned veiling for all women in the public sphere.

To be clear, veiling was a custom or fashion in clothing for women, but not mandatory in law. Nevertheless, 40 years before the revolution, King Reza Pahlavi made unveiling mandatory in law for all women in Iran. What were the main reasons beneath this radical change which was imposed on Iranian society by the King Reza government? Reza Pahlavi can be recognized as the founder of new modern state in Iran. To a certain extent he was successful, especially in building the main transportation and new economic and bureaucratic structure.

In this vein, the veiling of women was recognized as one of the most important symbols of Iranian traditional culture which needed to be removed, even violently, if modernization was to succeed. But did the significance of veiling arise from its place in religious texts and the strict customs of traditional ways of life or did it arise only as the outcome of the modern reading of these religious and traditional rules?

It has been argued that fundamentalist movements represent a claim for recognition by beleaguered religious communities. However, in the case of the Hijab or veiling in contemporary Iran, the irony is that from the beginning it was not the religious scholars, traditional leaders or Olama who emphasized veiling as central to the distinction between traditional, religious Iranian culture and western culture. Rather, the equation of traditional Iranian religious society and veiling originated with secular intellectuals and politicians.

Reza Shah, the modern leader who identified these symbolic qualities of religious identity, could never be regarded as a religious fundamentalist. However, he was the first head of state to recognize and highlight veiling as an important symbol of the traditional religious way of life, albeit in a negative way. The second irony is that, apart from upper middle class urban women who embraced the active role of unveiled women in the public sphere, this process of cultural modernization and unveiling was not noticeably successful.

The majority of Iranian women were subject to traditional and religious restrictions whose authority rested with the family and religious leaders, not state laws Higgins, However, during the Iranian revolution, the political process of Islamization was not monolithically conservative or fundamentalist.

At the moment of revolution the dominant Islamic discourse included accepting and internalizing some parts of modern and western identity, while criticizing other parts. It was argued that veiled woman should participate in society equally , even if motherhood should be their priority. At this point in time, veiling was not seen so much as a return to traditional conservative gender roles, but as a means of neutralizing sexual differences in the public sphere.

If they complied with wearing the veil, as noted above, most Iranian women already did wear veils voluntarily , women could leave their confinement within the patriarchal family and participate in public social activities, even without permission of their father or husband. At this specific historical moment, the religious authorities treated women as free, independent individuals, whereas previously they had been under the strict authority of their families. Veiling, within the political narrative of the revolution, was seen as the feminine expression of the resurgence of pure Islam, a flag of the critique of western values by Iranian society.

After the revolution consolidated into the Iranian Islamic state, this modern, leftist version of Islam was displaced by a more fundamentalist conservative narrative. Even so, at its inception the meaning of compulsory veiling, as a symbol of traditional religious values, was not the product of the traditional values of religious society itself but a product of the way religious society was represented by secular scholars and politicians. Modern secularization was the process that established the symbolic significance of the veil for fundamentalism in Iran.

One of the most internationally publicized and controversial instances of sati was that of Roop Kanwar on September 4, It occurred in the small town of Deorala in the state of Rajasthan. Roop Kanwar was a well-educated eighteen year old Rajput woman who had married twenty-four year old Mal Singh just eight months before. Her husband died unexpectedly of gastroenteritis, although some speculate it was actually a suicide by poisoning Hawley, a. The next day, Roop Kanwar stepped onto the funeral pyre with her deceased husband, put his head in her hands as is the custom, and burned alive with his body.

This illegal event was witnessed by a few hundred people but there were conflicting reports as to what had actually happened. Pro-sati supporters said that Roop Kanwar had voluntarily decided to become sati and underwent the process with purpose and calm. Those who opposed sati argued that she had not acted of her own free will and was instead drugged into submission by her in-laws who had economic motives for her death.

Some reported that she had tried to jump off the pyre, but was pushed back onto it Hawley, b. The practice of Sati offers another look at the complicated relationship between fundamentalism and women. Sati is a Hindu ritual in which a widow sacrifices herself by being burned alive on the funeral pyre of her deceased husband. It is a religious funeral rite practiced or endorsed primarily by Hindu groups rooted in the aristocratic Rajput caste in the Rajasthan state of India. Sati is therefore not central to Hinduism, but is practiced by a portion of the population, both men and women, who can be seen as Hindu fundamentalists.

While the Western and English understanding of the word sati is as the practice of widow burning, in the Hindi language it refers to the woman herself. A woman who is sati is a good, virtuous woman who is devoted to her husband Hawley, a. The Rajput belief is that a woman who freely chooses to become sati is protecting her husband in his journey after death. Himes tells us that the coming of the Kingdom of God is not predictable but takes us by surprise.

The Kingdom is constantly, relentlessly coming upon us in ordinary ways. Threatened by Grace: Himes explores what the Last Judgment might mean. He does this by looking at what the "world" means in the Scriptures. Sometimes the world is seen as good but in other passages it is seen as the enemy of God. Himes invites us to live in this tension and see the world as in transition. In this Easter episode of Cherub Wings, a rousing space chase in cherub chariots topple Cherub and Chubby into an awesome awareness of God's might power!

Children will see the ultimate act of forgiveness in the crucifixion and will marvel at the power of God in the resurrection. They will learn that by accepting Jesus' gift of forgiveness, they can receive him as Savior. Danny is happily making out his Christmas list - adding more and more toys and games - when his Guardian Angel, Theophane, suddenly appears. It is very obvious to Theo that Danny has forgotten the real meaning of Christmas. Together they review practices like the Advent wreath, reciting daily prayers at home and doing daily acts of kindness.

Does Danny have a change of heart? Does he remember that Jesus us the reason for the Christmas season? Is he happy or sad with Theo's message? Angel Vita wants children everywhere to know that Jesus is with them always. With the help of Angels Caritas and Benedicata, she decides to invite children on a journey through the church year.

The angels open a special "blessing" book that takes them into their journey. The angels are at it again! Here's a wonderful teaching tool for your First Communion program. Angel Michaela and friends offer their heavenly aid to catechists and children in this delightful video. In simple, clear language the angels speak of Jesus' presence at Mass, of the very special gift of the Eucharist. They remind children of their baptism and of the forgiveness they celebrate in the sacrament of reconciliation. Michaela and friends talk to your students about ways in which they can prepare for their First Communion: praying every day; paying close attention in religion class; going to Mass every week with their family; and reading stories from the Bible.

Video offers children information about friendship with Jesus, forgiveness, and the Rite of Penance, and it walks with children through the various steps of the rite. Angels Michaela and Andre first talk to the children about friendship and how it can be damaged or destroyed. They then talk about Jesus as the best friend of all, who loves us and forgives us when we fail.

They explain that Jesus forgives our sins at Mass during the penitential rite, but also in the sacrament of reconciliation. The angels show children how to make an examination of conscience before receiving the sacrament of reconciliation and then describe in detail the stops of the Rite. Video is primarily for children preparing for first reconciliation. It's not enough having to attend religion classes He's lived through seven Lenten seasons but is having trouble remembering the meaning of Lent: Why the ashes? How do we pray during Lent?

What's the purpose of fasting? Danny is struggling with the quiz when he is suddenly surprised by an unlikely visitor, his guardian angel, who helps him remember what the Lenten season is all about, and Danny comes to realize the importance of Lent in the church and in his own life through an encounter he will not soon forget.

Animated Rosary for Kids is a video especially created to teach your little ones how to pray the Holy Rosary, while contemplating each mystery as if they were in each scene. A Guardian Angel, our very own Angelito, is our guide; introducing us to each scene and explaining the teachings of Jesus. After each mystery we recite the Our Father; a Hail Mary and a Glory Be, which are presented karaokee-style across your television screen.

And at the end of the Rosary, everyone joins in to sing a song praying for the intentions of our Holy Father. Thousands of donor-conceived people have a deep longing to know who they belong to, where they come from, and who they look like. What is it like to grow up not knowing who your father is or if you have any siblings? What is it like to find out that the man you thought was your dad is not your biological father, that your true biological father donated his sperm and is known only by a number?

How does it impact your self-perception, the choices you make, and your view of life and the world? Donor-conceived people are demanding answers to these basic questions about their origins, their lives, and their identities. This dvd contains an archaeological treasure: mosaics, frescoes, statues, amphitheaters, agoras, temples, and more. The historical, religious, and archaeological background of each Anatolian region in which Paul preached the gospel is explained.

Yet Apostle Paul is more than an archaeological or historical survey; this production's reenactment of the miracles Paul performed, the difficulties Paul encountered, and the persecution Paul faced beckons the viewer to experience with the Apostle himself the birth of Christian church.

15.1. The Sociological Approach to Religion

Born into a pagan world of gods and goddesses, they blazed a new trail to follow the living God. With the words of the Apostles still ringing in their ears, these champions passed the fullness of the faith on to the next generation. With the tradition and practice of the Apostles still fresh in their minds, these heroes died rather than betray Our Lord. Join the adventure as Stephen Ray, best-selling author and popular Bible teacher, takes you on an exciting journey to the Roman Empire and the world of the first Christians. You'll sit at the feet on the apostles, celebrate the Eucharist in hiding, and tremble at the suffering they endure for Jesus Christ.

Retrace their steps through Israel, Turkey, France, and Italy. All this in a fast-paced, entertaining biography, travel documentary, Bible study, apologetics course and Church history study rolled into one remarkable adventure! Come Holy Spirit and renew the face of the earth!

From: Renewal Ministries Approximately 5 hours This item is for adult. Augustine of Hippo was one of the greatest theologians of the Christian Church. Yet, where did such faith begin? After rejecting his mother's Christianity as simplistic and restraining, Augustine embarked on a path toward self-gratification, marked by the pursuit of money, political power, and sexual pleasure.

Hosted by Augustine expert Mike Aqualina and shot on location in Rome and Milan, this documentary explore the conversion story of one of the most significant figures in church history. Travel back to the fourth century and discover why Augustine became a "Voice for All Generations. Young Jimmy is puzzled as to what the Beatitudes mean to someone his age. When he dozes off, he receives a visit from an angel who shows him how some of his school mates are already helping to build God's Kingdom.

By the time Jimmy's journey with the angel is finished, he comes to an understanding and makes a commitment to live the Beatitudes in his own life! Entertaining new program gives students clear examples of how young people can help build God's Kingdom everyday. The bedbugs have been busy with the party preparations, and they can't wait to share the news that Jesus is alive! It's the perfect occasion to party. An international soccer star is on his way to sign a multimillion dollar contract when a series of events unfold that brings his career to an abrupt end.

A beautiful waitress, struggling to make it in New York city, discovers something about herself that she's unprepared for. What if marriage is more than a simple contract between two people, based on romance, mutual fulfillment, and basic attraction? What if woven into the very design of your humanity is a purposeful desire for you to be united with your beloved, creating something new, mysterious, and holy?

1. Analyse Your Career’s Jobs Descriptions

What if your marriage is designed to be a vital part of God's work in the world? In 12 sessions, Beloved explores the essential realities of marriage, dealing with the deepest spiritual, emotional, and practical aspects of what the sacrament means for those preparing to get married as well as those who yearn for a richer married life. Through Scripture, Tradition, and Church teaching, God's plan for marriage will come alive. You'll see firsthand how to experience the mystery, happiness, and joy of this sacrament-from that first "I do" through the rest of your lives.

Informative and inspirational, Beloved will help you live out the Sacrament of Marriage more profoundly, so that your love story is drawn ever more into the greatest love story of God's own love for us. When the lights are out and door is locked, the toys come alive at the Storyteller Cafe! Children will see the Bible brought to life in a new, engaging way as the toys reenact treasured stories from the Bible.

Children will not only be delighted by the friends at the Cafe. So meet us at the Storyteller Cafe for miraculous stories about God's love for us. Edward Sri explores the biblical roots of the words an gestures we experience at Mass and explains their profound significance. In this study, you will come to know and understand the Mass like never before, leading you to a richer, more fruitful worship experience. From: Ascension Press 4 Sessions This item is for.

Edward Sri explores the biblical roots of the words and gestures we experience at Mass and explains their profound significance. The Miracle of Baptism - This episode includes: "In the Garden" - an animated presentation of the story of Adam and Eve and what led to their disobedience.

How We Celebrate the Sacrament of Baptism. From: Herald Kids 25 Minutes This item is for. Breaking the Silence was produced in the wake of the sexual abuse scandal in the Catholic church, yet its relevance is universal. Young people - those most affected - discuss and demystify this taboo subject. Although an unspeakable crime, it is only by Breaking the Silence of the past that we can prevent the sexual abuse of minors in the future.

From: Diocese of Orange Six parts This item is for. But the practice is fraught with complex implications for women, children, and families. What is the impact on the women who serve as surrogates and on the children who are born from surrogacy? In what ways might money complicate things? What about altruistic surrogacy done for a family member or close friend? Is surrogacy a beautiful, loving act or does it simply degrade pregnancy to a service and a baby to a product? Can we find a middle ground?

Should we even look for one? Come with Brother Francis as he celebrates the life-changing power of the Mass in this inspirational and instructive presentation! Join Brother Francis in this delightfully inspirational and instructive presentation that teaches children all about the sacrament of the Eucharist! The Story of Saint John Bosco - the inspiring account of the devoted saint whose dedication to God and his calling resulted in a multitude of children whose lives were changed forever.

I Will Do My Best for Jesus - a musical reminder to do our best for God and others no matter what our circumstances are. Meet the Saints - viewers will be introduced to wonderful saints like Dominic Savio, Therese of Lisieux, John the Baptist, and many others. Session 1: What is a vocation?

The questions we yearn to answer are Who am I? To find the answers, we need to begin with an understanding of the true desires of our hearts and how those desires align with the God who loves us more than we love ourselves. Session 2: God has called each of us to specific missions, based on who we are and the gifts He has given us.

But how do we discern that calling? We can start with the "classroom of silence" - an exterior and interior place where we can discover the depths of prayer and learn to hear God's voice. Session 3: Called to Holy Orders. Every baptized Christian is supposed to make the priesthood of Jesus real in this world.

However, God calls some men to serve the Church within Holy Orders, acting in the person of Jesus to give the grace of the sacraments to all. How can we know if we're called to this special role? Session 4: Called to Consecrated Life. The consecrated life is God's remarkable gift to the church. To be called to the "perfection of charity" means a life of obedience, celibacy, and poverty in His service. What steps can we take to discern if we are summoned to that vocation? Session 5: Called to Holy Matrimony. It's popular to think of marriage as merely a commitment between two people who love each other.

But Marriage, along with Holy Orders, is a sacrament of service. God unites a husband and wife in the convent of marriage to grow in selfless love for one another and their children, to build up the Body of Christ, and to serve as a witness to the world. Do we know what it means to be called to marriage? How can we know who to marry? Have we entered a techno utopia or a virtual prison? Should we be celebrating unreservedly or should we be cautious and skeptical? Is it the greatest leap in productivity or the biggest setback from the things most meaningful in life? Has today's connectivity drawn us closer to one another or strangely more disjointed?

Is our social experience richer and deeper or more shallow and artificial? Are we drawing closer to God or are we building a tower of Babel? Is it all of these things or none of them? Discover insightful answers to these questions from media experts, church leaders, and inspiring individuals and families from across the country. Most importantly you will discover how God's word addresses the unique media challenged we face today. From: Mediatalk minutes This item is for.

The CD contains the complete edition of the Catholic Youth Bible Revised, and also includes topical and lectionary reading plans to suit your schedule, as well as daily Bible reflections for teens. Mary's Press This item is for junior high, senior high. For the first time, in breathtaking and high-definition cinematography, the truth, goodness, and beauty of Catholicism are illustrated in a multimedia experience. Journey with Bishop Robert Barron to more than 50 locations throughout 16 countries.

Be illuminated by the spiritual and artistic treasures of this global culture that claims more than one billion of the earth's people. Learn what Catholics believe and why. Discover the full meaning of the faith. From: Word on Fire 10 Episodes This item is for senior high, adult. Barron illuminates the Catholic Faith's conviction that Jesus of Nazareth is the promised Messiah and the revelation of God become man in Christ. Barron journeys from Galilee to Krakow, Warsaw, New York city, Kampala, and beyond and presents throughout what it means to be a disciple of Christ.

Study guide. From: Word on Fire 50 Minutes each This item is for senior high, adult. Barron presents the Catholic Faith's compelling vision of God as the ineffable and majestic Trinity. Barron explains the Church's great reverence for Mary and her unique role in the history of salvation. From: Word on Fire 50 Minutes each This item is for junior high, senior high, adult. Barron traces the influence of these two great apostles and their enduring legacies in the life of the Church. Barron explores the Catholic Faith's unique understanding of the relationship of Jesus Christ and the Church.

Barron explains the words, gestures, and meanings of the Church's Eucharist. The story of the Church is told in the examples of those who dedicated their lives to knowing and serving Jesus Christ. Barron explores how the Catholic Faith transforms humanity through prayer, spiritual commitment, and the mystery of vocation. The Catholic Faith offers a vision of life directed by a supernatural destiny.

Barron journeys to Florence, Ireland and Rome to illustrate how this life is a preparation for an extraordinary world yet to come. Join Father Barron as he travels around the world showcasing the beauty of the Faith in action, profiling movements and individuals who are navigating the Church's mission within the challenges of contemporary culture. Disc 3: Father Barron's team spoke with several experts on faith and culture about the Church's mission to evangelize. Disc 4: Father Barron's pilgrimage to Australia for the filming of the documentary included several public speaking engagements.

Theology on Tap' and a presentation on the Catholicism series. Bishop Barron is on a new journey to unlock the truth behind the Catholic Church's most influential people. You'll discover the places where St. Thomas Aquinas lived, learned, and wrote. Visit the countryside where St. Francis gathered a group of friars and revived the Church. See the places where St. Catherine of Siena ministered and prayed. Trek through England to where Bl. John Henry Newman and G. Chesterton left their mark and sparked an English Catholic revival. Peter's, to the Sistine Chapel. Bishop Barron unlocks the truth behind the Catholic Church's most influential people to demonstrate how Christ's Incarnation is on display through the minds and lives of his Church's members.

Augustine's narrative of personal transformation provides a template for life in Christ that still captivates today. In an age when people insist upon sharp demarcations between spirituality and religion, or between Christ and the Church, St. Augustine provides a unifying way forward. In a world darkened by the fading light of classical culture, St.

Benedict cast a greater light - Jesus Christ. His insistence that the Gospel should be embodied in communities of friendship and peace, guided by the sacrifices of poverty, chastity, and obedience, became a new cultural matrix and unleashed a vigorous spiritual dynamism from which a new civilization would emerge. From: Word on Fire Minutes This item is for senior high, adult.

Video has collections of movie scenes selected for their ability to inform, challenge, enlighten and inspire. Film clips are topic-specific study guides to provide powerful, accessible education tools. Appeal to students of all ages, communicates core essential values in a modern-day style. Challenging questions prompted by creative visuals engage the school community in a revolutionary approach toward character education. A hope-filled story which shows that small things can be blessings in disguise.

Charles is just a simple caterpillar who enjoys doing his own thing -- eating! Here's a special view of someone who does his best, is tempted, falls, and reforms. Children learn that life has great value, that dreams and goals are necessary and achievable, sometimes beyond one's imagination.

A lovely way to celebrate new life at Easter and the promise of eternal springtime. Chosen: Your Journey Toward Confirmation is a powerful, life changing experience for teens as they prepare for the Sacrament of Confirmation. This remarkable program takes young people on a journey through the entire Catholic Faith in all it's richness and vitality.

The goal is nothing short of winning over the hearts of teens at a critical time in their lives and keeping them in the Church. As they journey through the Catholic Faith in all its richness and vitality, they will come to see how the sacraments, prayer, and discipleship are the keys to a happy life. The goal is nothing short of winning over the hearts of teens and making them lifelong disciples of Christ. Filmed on location all around the U. Your teens will: Be called to a personal encounter with Jesus Christ. Hear the Faith presented in new and unexpected ways.

Come to see what sets the Catholic Church apart. Learn from the examples of the saints. Learn the reasons why Christianity is true. There has never been a better time for a complete course in defending traditional "old school" orthodox Christianity to the modern secular world. We should familiarize ourselves with the arguments by which our faith is defended. People need to be shown that it is possible today for intelligent well-educated people to rationally accept Christian belief.

Christ is the first complete, full blown, semester long, multimedia home study course specifically made to address the problem of using reason and evidence to establish the truth of Christianity. Christ is for high school students and adults. This program can be used as a one semester or one year course. On Christmas Eve a young boy looks into the gleaming windows where tables are laden with turkeys, ducks, geese, and cherry pie.

He then peers into a window lit only by candlelight and sees a grey-haired lady sitting at a bar table with tears in her eyes. And it came to pass that the happiest Christmas was shared by candlelight. The pressures of the Christmas season make Benji's ordinarily loving parents irritable.

Seeing this, Benji's grandfather tells the boy a story about an elderly woodcarver who changed the unloving, uncaring people in a troubled town with his kindness. He also taught the town's people about Christmas, a day the adults had forgotten. In this fanciful episode of the popular, Close Encounters series, young people will see that the commandments aren't really a "book of rules" at all! Rather, they present us with opportunities to give witness to God's love, share with others, and care for our friends and families as we help build God's kingdom everyday.

From: Oblate Media 18 Minutes This item is for. During a classroom exercise wherein Father Brendan guides young students in making a rosary out of string and beads, young Alex finds he just doesn't get what the rosary is all about. Luckily for him, our helpful angel appears to clear things up. The rosary is all about major events in the life of Jesus, so the angel compares the Mysteries to a photo album. When it's made visual and Alex sees what the rosary represents, it all becomes real to him.

All four mysteries are presented and explained in age-appropriate language so that young audiences will understand that the rosary is a very special way to get in touch with Jesus and Mary. Sandra is having problems understanding the various symbols and rituals in the Celebration of the Eucharist and what they mean. To make matters worse, Mr.

Ferndock volunteers to fill in for the regular religion teacher and confuses the issue even more! Ferndock on a video journey showing how gathering the faith community for the weekly Celebration of the Eucharist is very much like gathering the family for the celebration of Thanksgiving! In Close Encounters with the Mass, real-life situations are combined with fantasy and humor to show young people that the mass truly is relevant and meaningful to them. Along with the rituals, important items like the Altar, Tabernacle, and Ambo are also explained so youngsters will see the celebration in a whole new way!

From: Videos with Values 13 Minutes This item is for. Our helpful little angel returns to help another troubled student. This time, the angel guides young Anna as she struggles with the complex problem of what the sacraments mean in our everyday lives. Unchurched individuals. Some from Jewish backgrounds and others from Protestant traditions or blended families. A fascinating group of adults come together to seek adult baptism into the Catholic Church at St.

James Cathedral in Seattle. Filmed on location in the Pacific Northwest and in the breathtaking interior of St. James Cathedral, the program is a vibrant and moving experience of the adult spiritual journey. A coming-of-age tale following Sean Nathan Clarkson as he rebels and leaves his home, family and father Kevin Sorbo to figure out life on his own. Two years later -- while still on the journey to find life's answers -- Sean suddenly finds himself questioning everything he though he knew as he is confronted by a professor Darwin Harris who challenges Sean to see his life as a story; a best friend Azel James walking a dangerous path; and a strong and beautiful young woman Rachael Lee who is on her own journey to answers.

Each one of these elements causes Sean to greater examine the choices he is making. The story is one of drama, laughter, relationships, faith, and redemption, ultimately asking the questions, "Can broken stories have happy endings? Join Fr. Michael Gaitley, MIC, in a week directed group retreat as he delves into the simplicity and grandeur of Consoling spirituality. Using his popular book Consoling the Heart of Jesus as a guide, Fr. Gaitley shares new insights into how you can console Jesus, presents the keys to the great sanctity of saints and blesseds like Therese of Lisieux, Faustina Kowalska, and Mother Teresa, and explains how you can apply their teachings to your own life.

From: Marian Press Min This item is for adult. Father Baron presents Biblical stories of true conversion. Why would intelligent, successful people give up careers, alienate friends, and cause havoc in their families As he was considering his own move into the Church, Donald Johnson traveled around the country to get the story for himself, from some of today's most interesting and articulate Catholic voices.

This catechetical film series will lead you to a deeper understanding of the lives of people who experience same sex attractions, and will speak with charity and clarity on these important topics: 1. The Cross has become the ultimate symbol of love in the world. As such, it is the single most revolutionary moral event that has happened on this planet.

And, like all deep things in life, the Cross is largely mystery. The Cross reveals God's unconditional love and vulnerability; as a teaching and an invitation to discipleship; God suffers with us. The Cross calls us beyond our selves, our own agenda, our own lie without resentment. From: Videos with Values 2 Sessions This item is for. Walking Toward Eternity, by Jeff and Emily Cavins, is an inspiring series designed to help you live your faith more fully by developing and nurturing characteristics that are essential to the Christian life.

Through daily prayer and meditation with Scripture, you will be drawn into an intimate life-changing encounter with Christ. As you prayerfully reflect on God's Word, you will begin to hear the subtle ways God is speaking to you, and you will be challenged to set aside those things in your life that keep you from growing closer to him.

By putting the fruits of your study into practice, you will be able to make real changes in your life, changes that will make you more like the person God created you to be. Daring to Walk the Walk, the first series of Walking Toward Eternity, introduces seven key virtues and outlines practical steps for living them out in your life: Love, Forgiveness, Humility, Prayerfulness, Faithfulness, Sacrifice, and Thankfulness.

David, poet and musician. The simple shepherd chosen by God. The boy who defeated the giant Goliath and the man who defeated great armies. David, King of Israel. Leonard Nimoy and Jonathan Pryce lead a talented cast in this vivid retelling of one of the Bible's most powerful stories. Brave warrior David leads his troops in battle against Israel's enemies and, tragically, against his own son. The film's human dimension is as vital as the combat. When David begs to know why he must suffer, the answer comes: "Perhaps it is those who God loves the most Adam was the first king and steward of the rightly ordered Garden of Eden.

He was called to govern the Garden, but by allowing negative influences to wreak havoc on Eden, he did not fulfill his kingly responsibility. Long after Adam, David emerged as the definitive king who would restore order in the Garden and bring the world under the lordship of God. But like Adam, David fell, and his reign ushered in a succession of compromised kings and rejected prophets. In David the King, Bishop Barron helps us to understand this pivotal figure in light of the first king and the King of kings. His quiet life in Bethlehem ended when young David killed Goliath and was anointed king.

His heart for God catapulted him to a life of grief and glory. Join the exciting journey through ancient Israel following the saga of David and Solomon. Together you'll tend sheep, confront a lion, kill Goliath, hide in caves, and rise to the throne of power. Discover how David and Solomon prefigured the life of Christ. Retrace the footprints of the warrior king and his royal son to better understand the roots of our faith and the church. Esta serie de DVD es una gran herraminenta para el studio personal o en grupo. From: Heart of the Father Ministries 8 sessions This item is for adult.

Certainly not my family. Certainly not my pastor. Certainly not my friends. Rilene, A successful businesswoman who realized that twenty-five years with her partner did not provide the fulfillment she had hoped for. Paul, an international model who, after a life of self-indulgence, found grace in the last place he expected. Discovering Christian Classics: 5 Session in the Ancient Faith of Our Future provides a five-week study that is excellent for any high-school or adult formation process.

Join these two dynamic Christian teachers - a founder of the New Monastic movement and a professor of Christian spirituality - and your group will learn about five of the essential classic spiritual works of the Christian tradition: 1 The Meaning of Conversion and Prayer, 2 How to Love, 3 St. Episode 1. God's School of Trust. The sin of our first parents, Adam and Eve, has distorted the way we see God.

But God hasn't given up on us. In fact, he has tirelessly worked to heal our distorted image of him through his "School of Trust," beginning with his chosen people in the Old Testament. Episode 2. Behold, This Heart. Unfortunately, humanity's distorted image of God has still remained a problem throughout Church history. But God doesn't give up on us. Margaret Mary, the merciful moral theology of St. Alphonsus de Liguori, and the Little Way of St.

Therese of Lisieux. From: Augustine Institute 40 min This item is for. Episode 3. The Suffering Servant. If an entire nation can be God's "suffering servant," then Poland served that role throughout history by helping to save the civilized world through its fidelity to its Catholic faith. Episode 4 - Faustina and the Spread of Divine Mercy. The tumultuous history of Poland set the stage for a remarkable woman to become the catalyst of the main drama of the Second Greatest Story Ever Told, a drama involving the modern message of Divine Mercy and its popularity following World War II.

From: Augustine Institute 46 min This item is for. Episode 5. Proclaim This Message. Against the backdrop of a world engulfed in war, the prophetic drama surrounding a small town in Portugal captures the hearts and minds of believers and unbelievers alike. From: Augustine Institute 53 min This item is for. Episode 7. The Secret of Divine Mercy. Blessings from blood, victory though suffering, designs of mercy amidst desperate situations - such are God's hidden ways of mercy, ways that triumph over evil. Episode 8 - God's Master Plan. Through St. John Paul II and the triumph over Communism that he helps inaugurate, God reveals a beautiful plan that amazes and blesses the whole world.

From: Augustine Institute 49 min This item is for. Episode 9. Mary's Knight. In the mix of people and events surrounding the Second Greatest Story Ever Told, one man emerges for his instrumental role in conquering Polish hearts for Mary Immaculate, including the heart of St. John Paul II. Episode 10 - The Final Question. The historical reality of the Second Greatest Story Ever Told includes every one of us - if we're willing to enter the story.

Gaitley concludes the series with inspirational and practical tips to show us how to enter into the heart of God's Divine Mercy. From: Augustine Institute 50 min This item is for. Today - more than ever before - our kids are bombarded by an endless array of frivolous distractions; distractions which often blunt their sense of the spiritual.

They need the anchor of Jesus' Mercy to hold them fast. Engagingly animated, it features St. Covering such topics as the origins of the Divine Mercy Image, the importance of the Sacrament of Confessions, and much more, it is a great tool for introducing your children to God's infinite mercy. Students will learn the fullness of the Catholic Faith through the story of the life and mission of St. Pictures from the life of St. Faustina as well as dramatic video clips help to tell the story. The Connection with the Shroud of Turin.

Importance of Trust in God. From: Marian Fathers 57 Minutes This item is for. The film was an act of faith in God's mercy for mankind, and a fulfillment of the Congregation of the Marians' commitment to spread the message of mercy brought to the world through a young Polish nun. During the last four years of her life she wrote the equivalent of printed pages.

This was a work of faith. Divine Mercy - No Escape captures the tenderness of Sister Faustina's heart toward her mission as she received the call. From: Marian Press 47 minutes This item is for. Moshe the donkey leads children through the events surrounding Jesus' life in this charming story. Moshe is the foal that Jesus road into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday. Moshe and his little donkey cousins encounter the Messiah at various times: in the temple in Jerusalem, at the wedding feast of Cana, and on the Calvary.

And after keeping watch at Jesus'' tomb for three days, Moshe comes face to face with the risen Christ. Doors of Mercy: Exploring God's Covenant With you is an eight-part program that leads you on a journey through salvation history, from God's merciful promises to Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and David, to the prophets'' call to renewal, to the fulfillment of God's promises in Christ.

Jeffrey Kirby guides you through the first seven lessons, where he explores the rich history of God's covenant with His people, and how He offered them mercy even after they strayed from Him time and time again. Faustina and the Divine Mercy message and devotion. Each session concludes with personal testimonies from feature presenters, demonstrating the power of Divine Mercy in the world today and inspiring viewers to foster a closer relationship with Christ.

From: Saint Bendict Press 8 lessons This item is for senior high, adult. At School David discovers a fuzzy caterpillar and takes it home. A short time later he finds it's missing, with only a silky white ball left. Then one day David finds that his cocoon has become a beautiful butterfly.

He follows it as it flits along the street until he notices a man, white and shining, standing in a garden This video will help young children learn about the events of Jesus's death and resurrection. Join the internationally renowned Choir of the University of Notre Dame in the Basilica Sacred Heart as they celebrate Christ's resurrection -- and the hope it symbolizes -- through scripture readings, songs, and hymns.

The choir takes viewers on a deeply moving journey that enlivens the spirit and strengthens the soul. Echoes of Faith Plus is a basic level video-assisted resource for the formation and enrichment of catechists in parishes and Catholic schools. Respected theologians, catechetical experts, and practitioners served as writers, advisors, and demonstration catechists for the the project. Echoes of Faith Plus is made up of a series of modules divided into three categories: Theology, The Catechist, and Methodology.

The main components of each modeule are a DVD and a companion booklet. The DVD includes a four-segment video process related to the module content plus two expert inteviews. A catechist who completes the Echoes of Faith Plus formation program will experience a process of spiritual formation, gain an overview of the major doctrinal themes contained in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, and learn practical skills for leading effective catechetical sessions.

The third pillar of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, "life in Christ," addresses the topic of morality. Morality deals with how we are to live as Christians. We seek this understanding in and through Jesus, who describes himself as "the way, and the truth, and the life" John The goal of this module is to explore the foundations of Catholic morality and the practice of the moral life. One goal is to help you reflect upon and articulate your personal faith. Another goal is to understand more fully the truths you profess as a member of the believing community so that you can share your faith with others.

This presentation of the truths of your faith is not an exhaustive treatment of these beliefs. However, through the process of reflection on the content provided here, you will increase your understanding of the truths of the Catholic faith and feel more confident in expressing them. Catholics are a sacramental people. Our faith is rooted in the belief that God is present among us, that God took on flesh and walked among us in the person of Jesus Christ, that Jesus' death and Resurrection were saving for us all, and that the Spirit of God was sent by Jesus to guide and animate us as Church.

When we gather to worship, we ritualize our belief in these mysteries and celebrate the ways in which we find them still deeply present in our lives. In this module you will explore the meaning of liturgy and sacrament and gain insight into why the sacramental life of the faith community is so central to our Catholic identity.

This module explores our relationship with the living God that we call prayer. It places prayer within the context of our spirituality, the name we give to the entire life lived in response to God's call. Prayer and spirituality are our whole hearted "yes" to the mystery of God seeking us. We express this mystery in our creeds, celebrate it in our liturgy, and live it out as we attempt to follow the way of Jesus.

The Scriptures explores the central themes and message of the Bible. It explains what the Bible is and why it is considered the holy book of the Christian community. It introduces some of the foundational stories of the Bible. The module concludes with a reflection on Jesus Christ, who reveals to us the fullness of God's saving action. It also describes the activity of the disciples as they began to spread Jesus' message beyond Palestine after his Resurrection. The National Directory for Catechesis reminds us that "God reveals himself to us gradually and in stages, drawing us ever closer in order to prepare us to welcome the culmination of God's self-revelation in Jesus Christ.

This module will introduce you to the continuous cycle of growth and development that occurs throughout life. You will explore this process of growth from four perspectives: cognitive, psycho social, moral, and faith growth. The topics in The Learner are: building knowledge, relating to others, learning to love, and growing in faith. The infertility industry in the United States has grown to a multi-billion-dollar business. What is its main commodity? Human eggs. But who is this egg donor? What are the short- and long-term risks to her health? Is she treated justly? The answers to these questions will disturb you It is a life-changing experience that speaks directly to the hearts and minds of middle-school-aged kids.

Designed specifically for sixth to eight graders, Encounter uses the color-coded Bible Timeline learning system to reveal the story of our Faith and God's plan for our lives. As your students are drawn into this story, they will come to a new and profound understanding of who God is. Most importantly, they will see God not as a distant doctrinal concept, but as a loving Father who desires a meaningful and lasting encounter with them. Paul's letter to the Ephesians reveals many remarkable gifts that we as Christians are given in the Church. This letter tells us about the nature of the Church - as a body, as a household, as a mystery, as a communion, as a bride, and as an army.

It shows us the great inheritance that awaits us as sons and daughters, adopted fully into the family of God. It reveals how God's great love for us can transform our daily lives - if we allow it. Ephesians will enrich your faith and show you how to live it out. This is our story, this is our family. Our identity as Catholics means that we are inheritors of the deeds of holy men and women who for 2, years have built a great civilization and spread the Gospel throughout the world.

Church history is not just the recitation of popes, people, places, and events; it is a story of adventure, intrigue, rebellion, reform, and devotion. This story is our story; this is our family. If we know our past, and how we fit into the story, we will be better prepared to face whatever may come in the future. Following the conquest of Babylon, the King of Persia gives a banquet for his people at which he requests the presence of his Vashti. As she refuses the King's demand, Ahasuerus disowns Vashti and goes in search of her replacement.

In his harem, he meets the young girl Esther who immediately captivates him with her charm and beauty. Unaware of her Jewish heritage, King Ahasurus falls in love with Esther. Esther then reveals to Ahsauerur that she is Jewish and asks him to show her people mercy, because of a planned genocide of the Jews by the King's right-hand man, Haman. In doing so, she saves the lives of many innocent people and paves the way for their return to Jerusalem. From: Affirm Films 91 Minutes This item is for junior high, senior high, adult.

We are a Eucharist people, a Eucharistic church, a community formed and nurtured by the Eucharist. How does the Eucharist work? What are its various meanings? In the year of the Eucharist, we pause to reflect upon the Eucharist. Ron Rolheiser, OMI, is a renowned author and specialist in the fields of spirituality and systemic theology. His weekly column appears in Catholic newspapers around the world. From: Oblate Media Minutes This item is for senior high, adult.

Session 5: How Jesus Makes an Evangelist. The work of evangelization cannot be done without missionary disciples. Just as Christ commissioned the first Apostles and disciples to evangelize the ancient world, so too he commissions us to be missionary disciples in the modern world. But how does Jesus form us into his evangelists? Session 6: Sacraments and the Spirit. To know the Sacraments is to know the power of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of God, promised by Christ, came in a mighty way at Pentecost; this same Spirit comes to us today through the Sacraments by which we are born to new life as sons and daughters of God and co-heirs with Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit.

From: Augustine Institute 46 minutes per session This item is for. Session 9: Joy in Persecution. How do we respond to conflict, rejection, and outright persecution? The early Christians' response was joy! And their prayer in the face of persecution was for a greater outpouring of God's Spirit. How do we imitate this incredible response? Session The Belly of the Beast. Whether to Jews or to Gentiles, whether the culture was religious or pagan, the Apostle Paul proclaimed the Gospel in a meaningful and powerful way. How did he do it, and what can we learn from him today?

From: Augustine Institute 50 minutes per session This item is for.

Introduction to Sociology/Print version

Session 7: Leadership in the Church. Did Jesus Christ intend for his Church to have distinct leadership roles? This session explores how the various levels of authority - bishops, priests, deacons, laity - are not only present in the Acts of the Apostles, but are used by the Holy Spirit to direct the Church to all truth as Jesus promised. Session 8: Charisms of the Spirit. What is a charism? Do we all have them? And what are they to be used for? This lesson delves into the myriad of charisms the Holy Spirit lavishes on God's people for the building up of Christ's Body, the Church.

From: Augustine Institute 43 minutes per session This item is for. Session 3: Proclaiming the Kerygma. After St. Peter's preaching on Pentecost, 3, people were baptized! Just what did Peter say that had such impact? The core message Peter proclaimed - the kerygma - has the same power to change lives today as it did on Pentecost. Session 4: Signs and Wonders. Do miracles still happen? And do they have a role to play in evangelization?

The early life of the Church was as full of signs and wonders as Christ's public ministry. And these miracles are meant for every age to bring about new, and renewed, faith in Jesus Christ. From: Augustine Institute 52 minutes per session This item is for. Session 1 - Why Study Acts? This session looks at the "signs of our times" - with sobering reminders of how desperately our world needs a restoration of the biblical worldview - and our role in the great spiritual battle surrounding us.

Evangelization is not an optional activity for the Church, but the very reason she exists. Session 2 - Clothed with Power. The descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost brought about a radical transformation in the Apostles and disciples and, through them, the whole world. This "sober intoxication of the Spirit: was, and is to be, expected in the life of every believer, and is meant to bring about the same radical transformation in our own day. From: Augustine Institute 49 minutes per session This item is for.

They celebrated the diversity reflected in the Church in North America, and explored how to evangelize God's people, from whatever culture. This video program is designed to bring the Institute to those who could not attend in person. Whether you work in evangelization or adult faith formation, for a diocese or a parish, this resource will help you in the work of evangelization, even across cultures. In today's fast-paced and stress-oriented world, it is hard for young people to stop and search for God's will for their lives.

A young person's life is full of decisions: what to do after high school, what career to pursue, whom to marry, and where to live. These are only a few of the questions they face. Without God's guidance, the future is overwhelming, worrisome, and frightening. This video explores the pat to finding God's will, helping young people to hear His purpose for their lives. From: Paraclete Press 40 Minutes This item is for. Born in Connecticut of Irish immigrant parents just a few years before the Civil War, Michael McGivney grew up at a time when millions of Catholic immigrants were struggling to overcome poverty and prejudice.

As a parish priest in the gritty New England manufacturing town of New Haven, he made a deep impact on his community, earning the respect of the Protestant establishment and the love of his parishioners at St. Emboldened to care for families threatened by the death of the breadwinner, Fr. This film offers a rare glimpse into the life of an extraordinary priest and visionary leader. From: Janson Media 57 minutes This item is for senior high, adult.

This award-winning movie is a beautiful representation of the mystical life of St. Maria Faustina, who became the "Apostle of Divine Mercy". It tells the story of her mystical experiences as a nun living in a convent in Poland in the early 20th century. It is to her that Jesus appeared and commanded that she be his instrument for promoting devotion to his Divine Mercy, and that the Feast of Divine Mercy be established and celebrated on the Sunday after Easter. He also requested from Sister Faustina that an image be painted and venerated of him and his Divine Mercy, and asked that we pray especially the Chaplet of Mercy.

The story and film are based on her own writings from her "Diary", which has become a worldwide best-selling spiritual work. From: Ignatius Press 88 minutes This item is for. Produced by the award-winning filmmakers of the highly acclaimed feature film The 13th Day, this is a powerful and in-depth documentary that combines archival footage, dramatic reenactments, original interviews with Fatima experts and stunning visuals to tell the whole story of the apparitions of Our Lady of Fatima.

With high production values and a beautiful look, artists and filmmakers Ian and Dominic Higgins present a compelling docu-drama on all the crucial details about the appearances and messages of Our Lady in Fatima in , a message of prayer, penance and conversion that is desperately needed in our modern world. From the initial apparitions of the Angel who prepared the children for Our Lady's coming, to the Miracle of the Sun, including moving film footage from The 13th Day, this illuminating and inspiring film will impact all those who see it to personally take heed of the critical messages of Our Lady of Fatima.

From: Ignatius Press 90 Minutes This item is for. On the eve of Christmas in the year , Francis of Assisi, with the help of some friends, recreated the nativity scene in a cave near Greccio, Italy. A simple hay-filled manger, and an ox and ass, were all the saint used to evoke the poverty and humility of Christ's birth. After the death of Francis, the custom of the Christmas crib spread around the world. Today every culture touched by Christianity expresses the mystery of Christmas in settings and figures unique to that place and its people.

Video tells the story of Francis and the first Christmas crib by means of a simple narration. The adventure begins as two young people try to be the first to discover a treasure hidden in the local church. In this animated feature, they discover that the real treasure is none other than Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament. Hidden in the tabernacle waiting our prayers, looking for us each day in Holy Communion, He is the greatest treasure imaginable. The conflicts of the early Christians in Corinth are in many ways similar to our struggles today as Christians.